Exodus International 2018

After 37 years, Exodus International, an organization whose mission was to 'help' gay Christians become straight, is shutting down. But not before apologizing. Jethro Visits Moses - Now Jethro, the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses, heard of everything God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt. After Moses had sent away his wife Zipporah, his father-in-law Jethro received her and her two sons. One son was named Gershom, for Moses said, “I have become a foreigner in a foreign land ... Exodus Latinoamérica forma parte de Exodus Global Alliance, asociación interdenominacional de ministerios cristianos a nivel mundial, dedicada a proveer herramientas para comunicar el mensaje de salvación e integridad sexual a través del poder transformador de Jesucristo (1 Corintios 1:18-24). Exodus has a long history of welcoming refugees and asylees from many countries, cultures, languages, faiths, and political opinions. We began in 1981 with the mission to serve the legal needs of immigrants and Cuban refugees, who had arrived as part of the Mariel boatlift in 1980. A large number of doctors are set to exit Nigeria once the ban on international flights is lifted this week, The PUNCH has learnt. This is just as The PUNCH observed from data provided by the ... Exodus-Deja Vu exhibition attracts visitors online worldwide Garnering wide international acclaim, virtual exhibition runs through September News Service 16:13 August 19, 2020 AA ExodusPoint, founded in 2017 by Michael Gelband and Hyung Lee, began managing investor capital in 2018. The firm employs a global multi-strategy investment approach, seeking to deliver compelling asymmetric returns by combining complementary liquid strategies managed by experienced investment professionals within a robust risk framework. Exodus International Slams FRC and Its Support of Ron Baity. By Exodus International. Mar 1, 2018. Gay Issues. The Lutheran Church's Mistaken Acceptance of Same-Sex Clergy. By Exodus International. Mar 2, 2018. Religion in Society. APA Study Shows Link Between Faith and Homosexuality. Exodus International, a large Christian ministry that claimed to offer a 'cure' for homosexuality, plans to shut down. In a press release posted on the ministry's website Wednesday night, the board of directors announced the decision to close after nearly four decades. The History Behind First Stone Ministries Leaving Exodus International in April 2012. Many of you may know that for 36 years, First Stone Ministries has been affiliated with Exodus International, a network of ministries that all proclaim freedom from homosexuality through a relationship with Jesus Christ. ... October 12, 2018. Christ's Voice ...

Argentinian president asks companies to trust on the country amid reports of ‘exodus’

2020.09.19 18:01 autotldr Argentinian president asks companies to trust on the country amid reports of ‘exodus’

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 73%. (I'm a bot)
President Alberto Fernández has told business leaders and entrepreneurs that Argentina needs them to trust the country "After four years of prostration," amid reports that many firms are considering departing the country.
Speaking on a call to Brazilian business leaders on Thursday - amid reports a number of companies were considering their future in Argentina and after the introduction of more currency controls - the Peronist leader called for more integration with firms from Argentina's giant neighbour and said all companies needed to trust in the coming economic recovery, despite a long recession exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic.
"Glovo Argentina understands the local impact of the announcement and extends its deepest thanks to all the value chain in the effort to consolidate locally since arriving in this country in 2018," said the company.
Despite Glovo's decision being based on regional concerns, rather than just national ones, multiple outlets - both local and international - this week painted the decision as the latest in an "Exodus" of firms who are leaving Argentina.
Things got so frantic by midweek that the WalMart supermarket chain and Mexican company Alsea which operates the Starbucks and Burger King franchises in Argentina were forced to deny reports they were considering selling up.
The automobile industry has also been hit, with Honda ending manufacturing operations in Argentina and Ford and Volkswagen suspending plans to produce a vehicle here.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: Argentina#1 company#2 GLOVO#3 country#4 delivery#5
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IT’S A WONDERFUL LIFE ITUNES $6
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JOKER 4K UHD/MA $8
JUMANJI: THE NEXT LEVEL 4K UHD/MA $12
JUSTICE LEAGUE 4K UHD/MA $8
JUSTICE LEAGUE DARK 4K UHD/MA $9
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LAWRENCE OF ARABIA 4K UHD/MA $10
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MAN ON A LEDGE 4K UHD [FANDANGO] $8
THE MATRIX 4K UHD/MA $7.50
THE MAZE RUNNER ITUNES 4K → MA $7
MAZE RUNNER: THE SCORCH TRIALS ITUNES 4K --> MA $7
MIB: INTERNATIONAL 4K UHD/MA $8
MIDWAY 4K UHD VUDU OR ITUNES 4K $10 [NOT MA]
MISSION IMPOSSIBLE: FALLOUT 4K UHD VUDU $7 [NOT MA]
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THE MUMMY TRILOGY ITUNES 4K $15
THE NUN 4K UHD/MA $8
OVERLORD ITUNES 4K $5 [NOT MA]
PACIFIC RIM 4K UHD/MA $7.50
PARASITE 4K UHD/MA $8.50
PET SEMATARY [2019] ITUNES 4K $5 [NOT MA]
PET SEMATARY 4K UHD VUDU $7.50 [NOT MA]
THE PRESTIGE 4K UHD/MA $12.50
PREDATOR: 1987 4K UHD/MA $7.50
THE PREDATOR COLLECTION 4K UHD/MA $25
PRIDE & PREJUDICE AND ZOMBIES 4K UHD/MA $8.50
WAR FOR THE PLANET OF THE APES ITUNES 4K ---> MA 4K $5.50
RAMBO 4K UHD VUDU $7.50 [NOT MA]
REIGN OF THE SUPERMAN 4K UHD/MA $8
SCOOB! 4K UHD/MA $13
SHAZAM 4K UHD/MA $8
A SIMPLE FAVOR ITUNES 4K $7.50 [NOT MA]
SPARTACUS: 1960 4K UHD/MA $8.50
SPIDER-MAN & AMAZING SPIDER-MAN 4K UHD/MA $40
STARSHIP TROOPERS 4K UHD/MA $8.50
STEP BROTHERS 4K UHD/MA $9
SUPERMAN: MAN OF TOMORROW 4K UHD/MA $10
TERMINATOR: DARK FATE 4K UHD VUDU $9 [NOT MA]
TERMINATOR: DARK FATE ITUNES 4k $6 [NOT MA]
TOP GUN 4K UHD VUDU OR ITUNES $9 [NOT MA]
TRANSFORMERS: COLLECTION 4K UHD VUDU $30 [NOT MA]
TRANSFORMERS: COLLECTION ITUNES 4K $25 [NOT MA]
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ALEX & ME MA/HD $5.50
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AMERICAN GIRL: LEA TO THE RESCUE ITUNES $3.50
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AMERICAN ULTRA VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
ANCHORMAN 2: THE LEGEND CONTINUES UHVD $4.50
ANGRY BIRDS 2 MA/SD $3.50
ANNIHILATION UVHD $4.50
AQUAMAN MA/HD $6
ARCTIC DOGS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7 [NOT MA]
ARGO MA/HD $4.50
ATOMIC BLONDE UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
BAD BOYS TRILOGY MA/HD $18
BAD BOYS FOR LIFE MA/HD $9
A BAD MOM CHRISTMAS ITUNES $5 [NOT MA]
BAD GRANDPA UVHD $4 [NOT MA]
BAD GRANDPA iTunes $3 [NOT MA]
BARBIE & HER SISTERS IN A PUPPY CHASE VUDU $4
BARBIE & HER SISTERS IN A PUPPY CHASE ITUNES $3.50
BARBIE STAR LIGHT ADVENTURE ITUNES $3.50
BARBIE VIDEO GAME HERO VUDU $4
BARBIE VIDEO GAME HERO ITUNES $3.50
BATMAN V. SUPERMAN: DAWN OF JUSTICE MA/HD $6
BEETLEJUICE MA/HD $6.50
THE BIG WEDDING UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
BIRDS OF PREY MA/HD $9.50
THE BIRTH OF A NATION MA/HD $4.50
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BLADE RUNNER 2049 MA/HD $5.50
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BOOKSMART MA/HD $7.50
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THE BOUNCE BACK MA/HD $4.50
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CRAZY RICH ASIANS MA/HD $7
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CYMBELINE VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
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THE DARKNESS [2016] VUDU HD $4.50
THE DARKNESS [2016] ITUNES $4
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THE DARKEST MINDS MA/HD $6.50
DARK PLACES VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
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DEAD AGAIN IN TOMBSTONE VUDU HD $4.50
DEAD AGAIN IN TOMBSTONE iTunes $4
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DEEP BLUE SEA 3 MA/HD $6.50
DEEPWATER HORIZON ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
DEN OF THIEVES ITUNES HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
DESPICABLE ME 3 VUDU HD $4.50
DESPICABLE ME 3 ITUNES 4K $4.50
DETECTIVE PIKACHU MA/HD $6
DEVIL’S DUE MA/HD $4
DIE HARD COLLECTION MA/HD $18
THE DIVERGENT SERIES: INSURGENT UVHD $4 [NOT MA]
THE DIVERGENT SERIES: INSURGENT VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
A DOG’S WAY HOME MA/SD $4
DOLITTLE MA/HD $7.50
DORA AND THE LOST CITY OF GOLD VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
DOWNHILL MA/HD $8.50
DRACULA [1931] VUDU HD $4.50
DRACULA [1931] ITUNES 4
DRACULA UNTOLD UVHD $3
DRAGGED ACROSS CONCRETE VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7
DR. SEUSS' THE GRINCH 2018 MA/HD $6
EL CHICANO MA/HD $6.50
EMMA MA/HD $7.50
EVERYBODY KNOWS MA/HD $7.50
THE EQUALIZER 2 MA/SD $3.50
THE EXPENDABLES 3 UVHD $4 [NOT MA]
THE EXPENDABLES 3 ITUNES $3 [NOT MA]
EXPOSED VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
FANTASTIC MR. FOX MA/HD $6.50
FANTASY ISLAND MA/HD $9
FAST AND THE FURIOUS COLLECTION [8 MOVIES] VUDU HD $15
FAST AND THE FURIOUS COLLECTION [8 MOVIES] ITUNES $24
FERDINAND MA/UVHD $6
FIFTY SHADES OF BLACK iTunes $5 [MA]
FIFTY SHADES OF GREY iTunes 4K $4.50
FIGHTING WITH MY FAMILY iTunes HD $6 [NOT MA]
FINAL DESTINATION 5 MA/HD $6
THE FOREST MA/HD $7
THE FORGER UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
THE GAMBLER [2015] ITUNES $4.50 [NOT MA]
THE GALLOWS MA/HD $5.50
THE GALLOWS ACT II VUDU HD $7.50 [NOT MA]
GIFTED MA/HD $6.50
GODZILLA [2014] MA/HD $4.50
THE GOLDFINCH MA/HD $8
THE GOLDFINCH MA/SD $4.50
A GOOD DAY TO DIE HARD UVHD $4.50
GOOD BOYS MA/HD $6.50
THE GOOD LIAR MA/SD $4.50
THE GOOD LIAR MA/HD $8
GOOSEBUMPS MA/SD $3
GOOSEBUMPS 1 MA/HD $5
GOOSEBUMPS 2 MA/HD $5
GRETEL & HANSEL VUDU HD $7.50 [NOT MA]
GRETEL & HANSEL VUDU SD $4 [NOT MA]
THE GRUDGE [2020] MA/HD $6.50
GUNS AKIMBO VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8 [NOT MA]
HACKSAW RIDGE UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
THE HAPPENING MA/HD $6
HARRY AND THE HENDERSONS VUDU HD $4.50
HARRY AND THE HENDERSONS ITUNES $4
THE HATE U GIVE MA/HD $6
THE HATEFUL EIGHT VUDU HD $5.50
HEREDITARY VUDU HD $7.50 [NOT MA]
A HIDDEN LIFE MA/HD $7.50
HOBBS/SHAW MA/HD $6
HOLMES & WATSON MA/SD $4
THE HOMESMAN VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
HORRIBLE BOSSES MA/HD $5
HOT TUB TIME MACHINE 2 ITUNES $3 [NOT MA]
HOUDINI VUDU SD $4 [NOT MA]
HOW THE GRINCH STOLE CHRISTMAS [2000] VUDU HD $4.50
HOW THE GRINCH STOLE CHRISTMAS [2000] ITUNES $4.50
HOW TO TALK TO GIRLS AT PARTIES UVHD $6.50
HOW TO TRAIN YOUR DRAGON 2 MA/HD $5
HOW TO TRAIN YOUR DRAGON 3 MA/HD $7
THE HUNGER GAMES: CATCHING FIRE VUDU HD $4 [NOT MA]
THE HUNT MA/HD $8.50
THE HUSTLE ITUNES 4K $7
ICE AGE MA/HD $4
I FEEL PRETTY ITUNES HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
IMPRACTICAL JOKERS MA/SD $4.5
INSTANT FAMILY iTunes 4k $5.50
THE INTRUDED MA/HD $7.50
ISLE OF DOGS MA/HD $6
ISN’T IT ROMANTIC MA/HD $7.50
I STILL BELIEVE VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8.50
IT'S A VERY MERRY MUPPET CHRISTMAS VUDU HD $6
IT'S A VERY MERRY MUPPET CHRISTMAS iTunes $5
ITSY BITSY VUDU HD $8
JACK RYAN: SHADOW RECRUIT UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
JAY AND SILENT BOB REBOOT VUDU HD OR ITUNES $6
JOBS VUDU HD $5.50
JOBS ITUNES HD $6
JUMANJI 1995 MA/HD $6
JUMANJI: WTTJ MA/HD $6.50
JURASSIC PARK COLLECTION VUDU HD $18 [4 FILMS]
JUST MERCY MA/HD $7
JUST MERCY MA/SD $3.50
JUSTICE LEAGUE DARK: APOKOLIPS WAR MA/HD $9.50
JUSTICE LEAGUE: THE FLASHPOINT PARADOX MA/HD $6.50
THE KID WHO WOULD BE KING MA/HD $7
THE KILL TEAM VUDU HD $8.50
THE KITCHEN MA/SD $6
KNOCK KNOCK VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
KUNG FU PANDA COLLECTION MA/HD $18
THE LAST FULL MEASURE VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7
THE LAST WITCH HUNTER VUDU SD $3
THE LEGEND OF TARZAN MA/HD $4.50
LEGO BATMAN: DC SUPER HEROES UNITE MA/HD $6
LEPRECHAUN RETURNS VUDU HD $6
LIGHTHOUSE VUDU HD $8
LINE OF DUTY VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7.50 [NOT MA]
THE LODGE MA/HD $9.50
THE LONGEST RIDE UVHD OR ITUNES 4K $4.50
LOVE THE COOPERS VUDU SD $3
MADAGASCAR COLLECTION MA/HD $20
THE MARTIAN MA/SD $3
MAZE RUNNER: THE DEATH CURE MA/HD $5.50
MERCURY PLAINS VUDU SD $4 [NOT MA]
MIB: INTERNATIONAL MA/HD $9.50
MIDDLE SCHOOL: THE WORST YEARS OF MY LIFE UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
MIDDLE SCHOOL: THE WORST YEARS OF MY LIFE ITUNES $3 [NOT MA]
MIDDLE OF NOWHERE VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
MIDSOMMAR VUDU HD $8 [NOT MA]
MISSION IMPOSSIBLE: FALLOUT VUDU HD $4.50 [NOT MA]
MISS YOU ALREADY VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
MONSTER HIGH: WELCOME TO MONSTER HIGH ITUNES $3
MORTAL KOMBAT LEGENDS: SCORPION'S REVENGE MA/HD $7
MORTDECAI UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
MOTHERLESS BROOKLYN MA/SD $4.50
MR. HOLMES VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
THE MUMMY TRILOGY MA/HD $10
NOBODY’S FOOL VUDU HD $6 [NOT MA]
NO GOOD DEED MA/HD $4.50
NON-STOP ITUNES $3
OBVIOUS CHILD UVHD $5.50 [NOT MA]
OUIJA UVHD $3
OUIJA ITUNES $3
OUR BRAND IS CRISIS MA/HD $5
OFFICIAL SECRETS VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
OFFICIAL SECRETS ITUNES $4.50 [NOT MA]
ONCE UPON A TIME IN HOLLYWOOD MA/SD $3.50
ONCE UPON A TIME IN HOLLYWOOD MA/HD $6
OVERCOMER MA/HD $7.50
OVERDRIVE VUDU HD $4 [NOT MA]
OVERDRIVE ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
PAVAROTTI VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8.50 [NOT MA]
THE PEANUTS MOVIE iTunes 4K $5.50
PERCY JACKSON: SEA OF MONSTERS MA/HD $5.50
PET SEMATARY [2019] ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
THE PHOTOGRAPH MA/HD $9
PLAYING WITH FIRE ITUNES $5.50
POMS ITUNES HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
THE POSSESSION OF HANNAH GRACE MA/HD $8
THE PRODIGY VUDU HD $7.50 [NOT MA]
POWER RANGERS DINO CHARGE HERO VUDU SD $3
POWER RANGERS SUPER MEGAFORCE: SKY STRIKE VUDU SD $3
PRICELESS ITUNES $4
THE PURGE COLLECTION MA/HD $20
QUEEN & SLIM MA/HD $9
A QUIET PLACE VUDU HD $4.50
A QUIET PLACE ITUNES 4K $6
READY OR NOT MA/HD $9.50
REPLICAS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $6.50 [NOT MA]
RESIDENT EVIL: DAMNATION MA/HD $5.50
ROBIN HOOD VUDU HD OR ITUNES 4K $6.50 [NOT MA]
ROOKIE OF THE YEAR MA/HD $6.50
ROUGH NIGHT MA/HD $5
SCOOB! MA/SD $4.50
SCOOB! MA/HD $8
THE SECOND BEST EXOTIC MARIGOLD HOTEL MA/HD $6.50
THE SECRET LIFE OF PETS 2 MA/HD $7.50
SELMA VUDU HD $4 [NOT MA]
SERENITY [2019] MA/HD $6
SGT. STUBBY: AN AMERICAN HERO VUDU HD $6 [NOT MA]
SGT. STUBBY: AN AMERICAN HERO iTunes $5 [NOT MA]
SHAUN THE SHEEP MOVIE VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
SHAFT MA/HD $9.50
SHAZAM! MA/HD $9
SHAZAM! & WONDER WOMAN MA/HD $10
SHIVERS VUDU HD $7 [NOT MA]
THE SKELETON TWINS UVHD $5 [NOT MA]
SLAPSHOT MA/HD $4
SNATCHED ITUNES 4K ⇒ MA $5.50
SOME KIND OF BEAUTIFUL VUDU SD $3.50
SPIDERMAN: HOMECOMING MA/HD $5
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING & FAR FROM HOME MA/HD $8
SPIDER-MAN: INTO THE SPIDER-VERSE MA/SD $4
STAR TREK COLLECTION VUDU HD $15 [NOT MA]
STAR TREK COLLECTION ITUNES 4K $15 [NOT MA]
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: BERRY BAKE SHOP MA/HD $4
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: BERRY TALES MA/HD $4
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: CAMPBERRY STORIES MA/HD $4
SULLY MA/HD $5
SUPER TROOPERS 2 MA/HD $5.50
THE SWING OF THINGS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7.50 [NOT MA]
TEEN TITANS GO! TO THE MOVIES MA/HD $6.50
TERMINATOR: DARK FATE ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
TOMB RAIDER VUDU HD $6.50
TRANSFORMERS: AGE OF EXTINCTION UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
TRANSFORMERS: AGE OF EXTINCTION ITUNES 4K $4.50 [NOT MA]
TROLLS MA/HD $5.50
TROLLS/TROLLS 2 MA/HD $12
TRUMBO iTunes 5 [MA]
THE TURNING MA/HD $8
TWILIGHT SAGA: BREAKING DAWN 1 iTunes $4
TWILIGHT SAGA: BREAKING DAWN 2 VUDU HD $4
TYLER PERRY’S A MADEA FAMILY FUNERAL VUDU HD OR ITUNES $6 [NOT MA]
TYLER PERRY’S BOO 2! A MADEA HALLOWEEN VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
TYLER PERRY’S HELL HATH NO FURY LIKE A WOMAN SCORNED VUDU SD $3
UNBROKEN UVHD $4
UNBROKEN ITUNES $3.50
UNCLE DREW UVHD OR ITUNES 4K $6.25 [NOT MA]
UNFORGETTABLE MA/HD $5.50
THE UPSIDE iTunes HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
USS INDIANAPOLIS: MEN OF COURAGE VUDU HD $5.00 [NOT MA]
THE VANISHING VUDU HD $7.50
VENOM MA/SD $3
VICE MA/HD $8
VICTORIA & ABDUL MA/HD $5.50
VIVARIUM VUDU HD OR ITUNES $9
WARCRAFT VUDU HD $4.50
WAVES VUDU HD $8 [NOT MA]
THE WAY BACK MA/SD $4.50
WE SUMMON THE DARKNESS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8.50
WHAT MEN WANT VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
WHAT MEN WANT ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
WHAT WE DID ON OUR HOLIDAY VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
WHILE WE’RE YOUNG VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
WIDOWS MA/HD $5.50
THE WILD LIFE ITUNES $4
WONDER VUDU HD OR ITUNES $5.50
WONDER PARK ITUNES $6 [NOT MA]
WORLD WAR Z VUDU HD $4.50 [NOT MA]
WRONG TURN 6: LAST RESORT MA/HD $4.50
XXX: RETURN OF XANDER CAGE ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
X-MEN: TRILOGY (FIRST CLASS, DAYS OF FUTURE PAST, APOCALYPSE) MA/HD $18
YESTERDAY MA/HD $6
Z FOR ZACHARIAH VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
THE ZOOKEEPER’S WIFE ITUNES → MA $7

TV SHOWS:

BALLERS: S2 iTunes $5
BALLERS: S3 UVHD $7.50
BALLERS: S3 iTunes $5
BAND OF BROTHERS VUDU HD $10
BAND OF BROTHERS ITUNES $8
BAND OF BROTHERS GP $7
BATMAN BEYOND: TV SHOW VUDU HD $30
BIG BANG THEORY: S8 VUDU HD $8
BLACKLIST: S2 VUDU HD $8
GOT: S1-S8 GP $25
GOT: S8 VUDU HD $10
GOT: S8 ITUNES $8
GOT: S8 GP $7
GOTHAM: S1 VUDU HD $8
HANNIBAL: S3 VUDU SD $5 [NOT MA]
HIS DARK MATERIALS: S1 VUDU HD $13.50
THE LAST SHIP: S5 VUDU HD $9.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE VUDU HD $4.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE ITUNES $3.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE GP $2
RICK & MORTY: S2 VUDU HD $8
RICK & MORTY: S1 - S3 VUDU HD $25
SCHITT’S CREEK: S1 & S2 VUDU HD $9
SCOOBY DOO: WHERE ARE YOU? VUDU HD $40
SHARP OBJECTS iTunes $6
SHARP OBJECTS GP $4
THE SOPRANOS - COMPLETE SERIES VUDU HD $28
SUPERGIRL: S4 VUDU HD $9.50
TRUE DETECTIVE: S3 VUDU HD $10
TRUE DETECTIVE: S3 ITUNES $7
VEEP: THE FINAL SEASON VUDU HD $8
THE WALKING DEAD: S9 VUDU HD $10
WESTWORLD: S1 VUDU HD $8.50

DISNEY ANIMATED & LIVE

101 DALMATIANS MA $7
101 DALMATIANS GP $6
ALADDIN 2019 MA $7
ALADDIN 2019 GP $6
ALADDIN [ANIMATED] MA $7
ALADDIN [ANIMATED] GP $6
ALADDIN: THE RETURN OF JAFAR MA $8
ALADDIN: THE RETURN OF JAFAR GP $7
ALADDIN & THE KING OF THIEVES MA $8
ALADDIN & THE KING OF THIEVES GP $7
ALEXANDER AND THE TERRIBLE, HORRIBLE, NO GOOD, VERY BAD DAY MA $7
ALEXANDER AND THE TERRIBLE, HORRIBLE, NO GOOD, VERY BAD DAY GP $6
ARISTOCATS MA $8
ARISTOCATS GP $7
BAMBI 1 MA $7
BAMBI 1 GP $6
BAMBI 2 GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [ANIMATED] 4K UHD/MA $12
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [ANIMATED] GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [LIVE] MA/DMR $7
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [LIVE] GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST: THE ENCHANTED XMAS GP $7
BIG HERO 6 4K UHD/MA $8.50
BIG HERO 6 MA $7
BIG HERO 6 GP $6
THE CALL OF THE WILD 4K UHD/MA $8
THE CALL OF THE WILD MA/HD $7
THE CALL OF THE WILD GP $6
CHRISTOPHER ROBIN MA $7
CHRISTOPHER ROBIN GP $6
CINDERELLA [LIVE] GP $6
CINDERELLA 1 [ANIMATED] MA $7
CINDERELLA 1 [ANIMATED] GP $6
CINDERELLA 2 MA $7
CINDERELLA 3 MA $7
DISNEYNATURE: BORN IN CHINA MA $7
DUMBO [ANIMATED GP $9.50
DUMBO [LIVE] 4K UHD/MA $8
DUMBO [LIVE] MA $7
DUMBO [LIVE] GP $6
FOX AND THE HOUND 1 MA $7
FOX AND THE HOUND 1 GP $6
FOX AND THE HOUND 2 MA $7
FOX AND THE HOUND 2 GP $6
FROZEN 1 4K UHD/MA $8
FROZEN 1 GP $6
FROZEN 2 4K UHD/MA $12
FROZEN 2 MA/HD $9
FROZEN 2 GP $7.50
HERCULES MA $7.50
HERCULES GP $6.50
HOCUS POCUS 4K UHD/MA $9.50
HOCUS POCUS GP $6
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] 4K UHD/MA $9
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] MA $7
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] GP $6
THE JUNGLE BOOK [ANIMATED] MA $7
THE JUNGLE BOOK 2 [ANIMATED] MA $7
LADY AND THE TRAMP MA $7.50
LADY AND THE TRAMP GP $6.50
LILO & STITCH 2 MA $7
LILO & STITCH 2 GP $6
LION KING [LIVE] MA $7
LION KING [LIVE] GP $6
LION KING [ANIMATED] 4K UHD/MA $9
LION KING [ANIMATED] MA $7
LION KING [ANIMATED] GP $6
LION KING 1.5 MA $7.50
LION KING 1.5 GP $6.50
THE LITTLE MERMAID 4K UHD/MA $9
THE LITTLE MERMAID MA $7
THE LITTLE MERMAID II: RETURN TO THE SEA GP $7
THE LITTLE MERMAID: ARIEL’S BEGINNING GP $7
THE LONE RANGER MA $7
THE LONE RANGER GP $6
MALEFICENT 4K UHD/MA $9
MALEFICENT GP $6
MALEFICENT: MISTRESS OF EVIL 4K UHD/MA $9
MALEFICENT: MISTRESS OF EVIL MA $7
MALEFICENT: MISTRESS OF EVIL GP $6
MARY POPPINS RETURNS MA $7
MARY POPPINS RETURNS GP $6
MARY POPPINS [1964] GP $6.50
MULAN 1 MA $7
MULAN 1 GP $6
MULAN 2 MA $7
MULAN 2 GP $6
THE MUPPET MOVIE [1979] MA $8
THE MUPPET MOVIE [1979] GP $7
MUPPETS MOST WANTED MA $8
MUPPETS MOST WANTED GP $7
THE NUTCRACKER AND THE FOUR REALMS 4K UHD/MA $9
THE NUTCRACKER AND THE FOUR REALMS MA $7
THE NUTCRACKER AND THE FOUR REALMS GP $6
OLAF’S FROZEN ADVENTURE MA $7
OLAF’S FROZEN ADVENTURE GP $6
OZ: THE GREAT AND POWERFUL MA $7
OZ: THE GREAT AND POWERFUL GP $6
PETE’S DRAGON MA $7
PETE’S DRAGON GP $6
PINOCCHIO MA $7
PINOCCHIO GP $6
PIRATES 5 MA $7
PIRATES 5 GP $6
PLANES GP $6
PLANES: FIRE & RESCUE GP $6
POCAHONTAS 1 MA $7
POCAHONTAS 1 GP $6
POCAHONTAS 2 MA $7
POCAHONTAS 2 GP $6
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG 4K UHD/MA $8
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG MA $7
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG GP $6
QUEEN OF KATWE MA $7
QUEEN OF KATWE GP $6
ROBIN HOOD [ANIMATED] MA $7
ROBIN HOOD [ANIMATED] GP $6
SANTA CLAUSE 1 MA $6
SANTA CLAUSE TRILOGY MA $17
SANTA CLAUSE TRILOGY GP $14
WD: SHORT FILM COLLECTION MA $7
WD: SHORT FILM COLLECTION GP $6
SLEEPING BEAUTY MA $7
SLEEPING BEAUTY GP $6
SNOW WHITE AND THE SEVEN DWARFS MA $7
SPIES IN DISGUISE MA $8.50
SPIES IN DISGUISE GP $7.50
THE SWORD IN THE STONE MA $7
TOMORROWLAND GP $6.50
A WRINKLE IN TIME MA $7
A WRINKLE IN TIME GP $6

PIXAR

BRAVE 4K UHD/MA $9
BRAVE MA $7
BRAVE GP $6
A BUG’S LIFE MA $7.50
A BUG’S LIFE GP $6.50
CARS 1 4K UHD/MA $8.50
CARS 1 GP $6
CARS 2 4K UHD/MA $8.50
CARS 3 4K UHD/MA $8.50
CARS 3 MA $6
CARS 3 GP $5
COCO MA $7
COCO GP $6
FINDING DORY 4K UHD/MA $8
FINDING DORY GP $6
FINDING NEMO 4K UHD/MA $8
FINDING NEMO MA $7
FINDING NEMO GP $6
THE GOOD DINOSAUR 4K UHD/MA $8
THE GOOD DINOSAUR MA $7
THE GOOD DINOSAUR GP $6
THE INCREDIBLES 2 MA $7
THE INCREDIBLES 2 GP $6
INSIDE OUT 4K UHD/MA $8
INSIDE OUT MA $7
INSIDE OUT GP $6
MOANA 4K UHD/MA $8
MOANA MA $7
MOANA GP $6
MONSTERS, INC 4K UHD/MA $11
MONSTERS, INC GP $6
MONSTERS UNIVERSITY MA $7
MONSTERS UNIVERSITY GP $6
ONWARD 4K UHD/MA $11
ONWARD MA $9
ONWARD GP $7
RALPH BREAKS THE INTERNET MA/DMR $6
RALPH BREAKS THE INTERNET GP $5
RATATOUILLE MA $7
RATATOUILLE GP $5
TANGLED MA $7
TANGLED GP $6
TOY STORY OF TERROR GP $7
TOY STORY 1 GP $6
TOY STORY 2 4K UHD/MA $9
TOY STORY 2 MA $7.50
TOY STORY 2 GP $6.50
TOY STORY 3 4K UHD/MA $9
TOY STORY 3 GP $6
TOY STORY 4 MA $5
TOY STORY 4 MA $4.50
UP 4K UHD/MA $9
UP GP $7
WALL-E 4K UHD/MA $9
WALL-E GP $7
WRECK IT RALPH 4K UHD/MA $10
WRECK IT RALPH GP $6
ZOOTOPIA 4K UHD/MA $9
ZOOTOPIA MA/HD $7
ZOOTOPIA GP $6

MARVEL

ANT-MAN 4K UHD/MA $9
ANT-MAN GP $6
ANT-MAN AND THE WASP 4K UHD/MA $9
ANT-MAN AND THE WASP GP $6
AVENGERS 1 MA $7
AVENGERS 1 GP $6
AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON 4K UHD/MA $9
AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON MA $7
AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON GP $6
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR 4K UHD/MA $8
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR MA $7
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR GP $6
AVENGERS: ENDGAME 4K UHD/MA $7
AVENGERS: ENDGAME MA $6
AVENGERS: ENDGAME GP $5
BLACK PANTHER 4K UHD/MA $9
BLACK PANTHER MA $7
BLACK PANTHER GP $6
CAPTAIN AMERICA: CIVIL WAR MA $7
CAPTAIN AMERICA: CIVIL WAR GP $6
CAPTAIN MARVEL 4K UHD/MA $8
CAPTAIN MARVEL MA $7
CAPTAIN MARVEL GP $6
DR. STRANGE 4K UHD/MA $8.50
DR. STRANGE MA $7
DR. STRANGE GP $6
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 4K UHD/MA $9
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 MA $7
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 GP $6
GUARDIANS VOL. 2 MA $7
GUARDIANS VOL. 2 GP $6
THE INCREDIBLE HULK 4K UHD/MA $9
IRON MAN 1 MA $7
IRON MAN 1 GP $5
IRON MAN 2 4K UHD/MA $8
IRON MAN 2 GP $6
IRON MAN 3 4K UHD/MA $8
IRON MAN 3 GP $6
THOR 1 GP $5.50
THOR: THE DARK WORLD 4K UHD/MA $9
THOR: THE DARK WORLD MA $6
THOR: THE DARK WORLD GP $5.50
THOR: RAGNAROK 4K UHD/MA $9
THOR: RAGNAROK MA $6.50
THOR: RAGNAROK GP $5.50

STAR WARS

ROGUE ONE: A STAR WARS STORY MA $6
ROGUE ONE: A STAR WARS STORY GP $5
SKYWALKER SAGA 4K UHD/MA $75 [9 FILMS]
SKYWALKER SAGA GP $35 [9 FILMS]
STAR WARS 1 MA $7.50
STAR WARS 1 GP $6.50
STAR WARS 4 4K UHD/MA $7.50
STAR WARS 4 GP $5.50
STAR WARS 5 4K UHD/MA $7.50
STAR WARS 5 GP $5.50
STAR WARS 6 GP $5.50
STAR WARS: THE FORCE AWAKENS 4K UHD/MA $8
STAR WARS: THE FORCE AWAKENS MA $7
STAR WARS: THE FORCE AWAKENS GP $5
STAR WARS: THE LAST JEDI MA $5
STAR WARS: THE LAST JEDI GP $4
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER 4K UHD/MA $9
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER MA/HD $8
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER GP $7
submitted by vjscorp to DigitalCodeSELL [link] [comments]


2020.09.06 10:29 dsamus Help me with my ~$2,000 3080 build (first pc)!

Hey guys, first time building a pc! Here's my list on pcpartpicker:
[PCPartPicker Part List](https://pcpartpicker.com/list/ThzvHB)

TypeItemPrice
:----:----:----
**CPU** [AMD Ryzen 7 3700X 3.6 GHz 8-Core Processor](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/QKJtt6/amd-ryzen-7-3700x-36-ghz-8-core-processor-100-100000071box) $289.99 @ Newegg
**CPU Cooler** [Noctua NH-D15 82.5 CFM CPU Cooler](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/4vzv6h/noctua-cpu-cooler-nhd15) $89.95 @ Amazon
**Motherboard** [Gigabyte X570 AORUS ELITE ATX AM4 Motherboard](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/nHxbt6/gigabyte-x570-aorus-elite-atx-am4-motherboard-x570-aorus-elite) $194.89 @ Amazon
**Memory** [G.Skill Ripjaws V 32 GB (2 x 16 GB) DDR4-3600 CL16 Memory](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/zcH8TW/gskill-ripjaws-v-32-gb-2-x-16-gb-ddr4-3600-memory-f4-3600c16d-32gvkc) $138.99 @ Newegg
**Storage** [Samsung 860 Evo 1 TB 2.5" Solid State Drive](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/yzfhP6/samsung-860-evo-1tb-25-solid-state-drive-mz-76e1t0bam) $129.99 @ Amazon
**Storage** [Seagate Barracuda Compute 2 TB 3.5" 7200RPM Internal Hard Drive](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/mwrYcf/seagate-barracuda-computer-2-tb-35-7200rpm-internal-hard-drive-st2000dm008) $54.99 @ Newegg
**Storage** [Seagate Barracuda Compute 2 TB 3.5" 7200RPM Internal Hard Drive](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/mwrYcf/seagate-barracuda-computer-2-tb-35-7200rpm-internal-hard-drive-st2000dm008) $54.99 @ Newegg
**Case** [NZXT H510 ATX Mid Tower Case](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/b7hmP6/nzxt-h510-atx-mid-tower-case-ca-h510b-b1) $69.99 @ Newegg
**Power Supply** [Corsair RMx (2018) 850 W 80+ Gold Certified Fully Modular ATX Power Supply](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/VgQG3C/corsair-rmx-2018-850w-80-gold-certified-fully-modular-atx-power-supply-cp-9020180-na) $144.99 @ Newegg
**Monitor** [Acer KG271U Abmiipx 27.0" 2560x1440 144 Hz Monitor](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/QXTPxacer-kg271u-abmiipx-270-2560x1440-144-hz-monitor-kg271u-abmiipx) -
**Keyboard** [Cooler Master MasterKeys Pro L RGB Wired Standard Keyboard](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/pXyxFT/cooler-master-masterkeys-pro-l-wired-standard-keyboard-sgk-6020-kkcl1-us) $119.99 @ Amazon
**Headphones** [Kingston HyperX Cloud II 7.1 Channel Headset](https://pcpartpicker.com/product/tZL7YJ/kingston-headphones-khxhscprd) $99.00 @ Amazon
**Custom** Nvidia 3080 $700.00
*Prices include shipping, taxes, rebates, and discounts*
**Total** **$2087.76**
Generated by [PCPartPicker](https://pcpartpicker.com) 2020-09-06 04:21 EDT-0400


Along with this list, I have a decent amount of questions:
  1. Do you see anything right away that I am straight up missing? I don't need an OS, mouse or mouspad.
  2. I think I will need WiFi, and I don't think this motherboard works. Could someone suggest another motherboard with built in wifi? Or is getting a wifi card better?
  3. Thoughts on the monitor? I want 144hz 1440p, and I really don't know what type of monitor to get in terms of type of panel. For reference, I mostly play LoL, but I also play some single player games such as Metro Exodus and some multiplayer FPS like Apex Legends, Overwatch, and Valorant.
  4. Will everything here fit inside my case? If you're curious, I torrent a lot of stuff, so I need the 5TB of space for holding stuff.
  5. On the compatibility section, it says my CPU cooler might not fit in my case. Can anyone confirm that, and if so, should I get another CPU cooler?
  6. Do I need fans for my case? I feel like it might overheat if I only have a fan for my CPU...
  7. Will I be able to get a 3080 on release, or will it be sold out right at the start? I don't mind waiting, but I've never bought a GPU right on release, so I don't know what to expect in terms of stock.

Thanks for all your help!!!! :)
submitted by dsamus to buildapc [link] [comments]


2020.08.14 00:36 doublekafir Rational Religion and Homosexual Conversion Therapy (aka pseudoscience)

This article is a response to the specific sections concerning the science of gay conversion therapy in the Rational Religion article titled “Homosexuality and the People of Lot.” It is NOT meant as a “refutation” of the various other claims made in the article. I thought it was important to tackle the claims specifically relating to conversion therapy due to the fact that Mirza Masroor Ahmad has also expressed his belief that people can change their sexuality. Both the Khalifa and the Rational Religion team make claims which are unsupported by the scientific evidence.
I recommend everyone read Rational Religion’s article first.

CLAIM #1 - “homosexuality is not a predetermined sexual orientation, nor is heterosexuality.”

Is homosexuality “predetermined” or not?
At the outset of their supposed survey of the scientific research on LGBTQ, Rational Religion make the claim that “homosexuality is not a predetermined sexual orientation, nor is heterosexuality.” This claim is not referenced or expanded upon, but if the lack of “predetermination” is meant to suggest that an individual’s sexuality is a matter of “personal choice”, this is contrary to the vast amount of scientific literature on the matter. That is not to say that there is a “gay gene” or one single environmental factor which causes one’s sexuality.1 Most scientists agree that there are a variety of genetic and random environmental factors which shape one’s sexuality. But regardless of the “cause” of one’s sexuality, the scientific evidence suggests that most people experience “little or no sense of choice about their sexual orientation.”2 In other words, being gay or straight, or any other sexuality, is NOT something that one can choose, according to the scientific evidence.
Indeed, the idea that sexuality is not a personal choice should be clear to anyone, especially heterosexual Ahmadis. Can you imagine being attracted to someone of the same-sex? For most straight Ahmadis the possibility of being attracted to the same-sex is foreign. In the same way, those people who identify as exclusively homosexual also cannot imagine being attracted to someone of the opposite sex. Neither have any choice over their sexuality.

CLAIM #2- “As for whether homosexual individuals can be aided in transitioning to a heterosexual orientation is a matter of scientific study – not popular outrage – regarding which there is a large body of evidence”

Can homosexuals convert to heterosexuality?
According to the Rational Religion team, the question of whether homosexuals can transition to heterosexual orientation is a “matter of scientific study - not popular outrage - regarding which there is a large body of evidence.” I completely agree with this statement. There is indeed a large body of evidence. A large body of evidence which overwhelmingly shows that therapies which seek to change one’s sexuality are NOT effective. Don’t take my word for it. Take the word of all major psychological associations which have reviewed the science for conversion therapies.3 In their article defending Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s statement that “man is superior to woman in physical and mental powers” (yes, that is the exact quote), RR refers to a review by the American Psychological Association (APA). In the APA’s 2009 systematic review of conversion therapies, which looked at 83 studies on conversion therapy, they concluded:
"results of scientifically valid research indicate that it is unlikely that individuals will be able to reduce same-sex attractions or increase other-sex sexual attractions through SOCE [sexual orientation change efforts]”.4
In the UK, the home of the writers at Rational Religion, the Royal College of Psychiatrists say the following:
>The College believes strongly in evidence-based treatment. There is no sound scientific evidence that sexual orientation can be changed. Systematic reviews carried out by both the APA and Serovich et al suggest that studies which have shown conversion therapies to be successful are seriously methodologically flawed.5
In light of this medical and scientific consensus, it is no surprise then that the Rational Religion team have to resort to pointing to one specific study (as opposed to systematic reviews) to support their claim. The specific study from Nicolosi that the RR team cites as evidence to support conversion therapy (ignoring systematic reviews disputing their efficacy), the APA and Nicolosi himself acknowledge the limited nature of the study. It is a study based on mostly men who are highly motivated to change their sexuality and sought out conversion therapy. It is a study of their perceptions of the efficacy of the therapy, after it had happened. This uncontrolled nature of the experiment meant that no cause-and-effect conclusion can be made with regards to conversion therapy and orientation change. The authors of the study themselves state that
“These responses cannot, for several reasons, be generalized beyond the present sample.” 6
The APA thoroughly criticises the experiment design of this specific study in its detailed report. As such the study proves nothing about the efficacy of conversion therapy, despite how much these “rational” Ahmadis may want it too.
By pointing to one solitary and weak study, ignoring systematic reviews of conversion therapy, Rational Religion seek to mislead the reader as to the state of scientific evidence. It is also important to note that Nicolosi, the author of the study was a Catholic advocate for conversion therapy, who ran a clinic called the Thomas Aquinas Psychological Clinic. He was also the co-founder of the prominent advocacy group National Association for Research & Therapy of Homosexuality. Here is a glimpse at the workings of this esteemed organisation:
A member of NARTH's scientific advisory board ignited controversy by suggesting that blacks were better off having been enslaved, which allowed them to escape the "savage" continent of Africa. Shortly thereafter, the board of NARTH removed Nicolosi, who was still president. In 2010 it was revealed that NARTH's executive secretary, Abba Goldberg, was a con man who had served 18 months in prison.
Therapists associated with NARTH and Exodus were accused of sexually assaulting clients or engaging in questionable therapy practices*. Among them were Alan Downing, the lead therapist of JONAH (Jews Offering New Alternatives to Homosexuality), who made his patients strip and touch themselves in front of a mirror; NARTH member Christopher Austin, who was convicted of "unlawfully, intentionally and knowingly caus[ing] penetration of" a client; and Exodus-affiliated Mike Jones, who asked a patient to take off his shirt and do push-ups for him.*7
I’m sure RR would be shocked to hear this. I think perhaps even the RR team, deep down, know that the evidence for conversion therapy is flimsy. After all, why reach back to the 1960s/70s to further support their assertion? What’s next, claiming that there is a large body of evidence for racial superiority on the basis of craniology studies from the 19th century? To make things worse, rather than read the reports of the vast majority of medical associations on the matter, the Rational Religion team has to rely on the website “scienceoflgbt.com” run by “members of the Muslim community”, with non-academic articles written by a mysterious Dr. S Muhammad (no photos of this highly respected doctor). This group seems to be a Muslim counterpart to the dwindling ex-gay movement, a cesspit of pseudoscience. This movement, in its heyday in the 1990s and early 2000s, was populated by people claiming to be “cured” of their gayness. It is now most famously known for its “ex-gays” actually being “nope-we’re-still-gays.” :
The founder of Exodus International, Michael Bussee, left the organization in 1979 with a fellow male ex-gay counselor because the two had fallen in love. Other examples include George Rekers, a former board member of NARTH and formerly a leading scholar of the anti-LGBT Christian right who was revealed to have been involved in a same-sex tryst in 2010. John Paulk, former poster child of the massive ex-gay campaign “Love Won Out” in the late 1990s, is now living as a happy gay man. 8
Hilariously, the reason why the RR boys have only the weak Nicolosi study to refer to, is that the previous favourite study of ex-gay and conversion therapy activists, was repudiated by its own author in 2012. 9 Since then ex-gay movement, as well as other anti-gay activists, have been struggling to find more evidence for their thoroughly discredited claims about conversion therapy.

CLAIM #3 - “As for the question of harm caused by such talking therapies, approximately 7.1% of individuals reported that they were psychologically in a worse state after such therapies. The authors of the study note that as with every therapy, there are a proportion for whom it is not suited.”

What's the harm in trying to change your sexuality?
Not only does the Rational Religion team ignore the vast scientific consensus on the matter of efficacy of these therapies, they also fail to properly acknowledge the evidence with relation to the damage caused by conversion therapy. The American Psychiatric Association says the following:
“The potential risks of “reparative therapy” are great and include depression, anxiety, and self-destructive behavior, since therapist alignment with societal prejudices against homosexuality may reinforce self-hatred already experienced by the patient. Many patients who have undergone “reparative therapy” relate that they were inaccurately told that homosexuals are lonely, unhappy individuals who never achieve acceptance or satisfaction. The possibility that the person might achieve happiness and satisfying interpersonal relationships as a gay man or lesbian are not presented, nor are alternative approaches to dealing with the effects of societal stigmatization discussed.”10
The very basis of “conversion therapy” is that there is something “wrong” that can be fixed. An estimated 20,000 LGBTQ minors will be subjected to conversion therapy in the US alone.11 The evidence on what happens when LGBTQ kids are told that their sexuality is a perversion, or something to be fixed is clear. According to research by the San Francisco State University, gay and transgender teens who were “highly rejected” by their parents have the following health outcomes as young adults, compared with those who were not rejected or were only a little rejected by their parents and caregivers because of their gay or transgender identity:12
■ More than 8 times as likely to have attempted suicide
■ Nearly 6 times as likely to report high levels of depression
■ More than 3 times as likely to use illegal drugs, and
■ More than 3 times as likely to be at high risk for HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
Here is testimony from a conversion therapy survivor:
“My weekly sessions with [my counselor] set me on a devastating, decade-long course of self-destruction, as each session made me sink deeper into depression and drove me to the brink of suicide. Eventually, I realized that the only way for me to escape the psychological abuse was to leave home.” - Ryan Kendall, survivor, who recently graduated from Columbia University summa cum laude13
John Evans, who had founded one of the earliest ex-gay organisations ‘Love In Action;, renounced change therapy when a friend committed suicide after failing to become heterosexual.
I see what a catastrophe it is when they see the “cure” is not possible, and that means that they’re going to hell. People have actually gone crazy [over this].’ 14
This is what happens when you label someone’s sexuality a sin. Nobody, especially children, should be made to hate themselves for their sexuality, over which they have NO control. Religious communities such as the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community foster a repressive environment for those who do not fit into the heterosexual box. In fact, those who come out as gay are rejected, insulted and derided by their Ahmadi friends and family for their decision to not deny themselves the opportunity to have loving and caring relationship with the opposite sex. Noman Mubasher for example, an Ahmadi from Norway, says the following about his process of coming out as gay:
“Among other things, they write ‘why do you have to stand up?’, ‘Shame on you! You are not a good Muslim.’ ‘You could have lots of pretty ladies after you! You are a handsome man, why should you have a man?”15
One can only hope that the Ahmadiyya Jamaat and others like it begin to take a more empathetic view of the LGBTQ community.

CLAIM #4 - “Putting aside the controversial question of therapy, many individuals transition between sexual orientations spontaneously anyway”

Having seemingly moved on from the issue of conversion therapies, the Rational Religion team go on to make this claim regarding the “spontaneous” nature of individuals transitioning between sexualiteis. I don’t quite see the point of this, apart from trying to give assurance to any troubled gay Ahmadis reading their article that their sexuality is a passing phase. This is exactly what was said by Noman Mubasher’s Ahmadi parents when he came out to them:
“The coming years were very difficult [after coming out]. They hoped and believed that this would pass, that this was a great sin and that I had to get out of it. I could not live that way”16
RR claims that:
“Among the youth, the USA ADD-Health study showed that 90% of 16 year olds who consider themselves gay, consider themselves heterosexual by the age of 17 years of age.”
This is an astonishing claim. 90% of those who “considered themselves” gay, in other words, identified as homosexual, supposedly identified as heterosexual just one year later. This claim would seem to suggest that homosexuality is a temporary attraction. In fact, it would confirm anti-gay religious conservatives fears that being gay is just a “fashion” pushed by “LGBTQ activists” as RR puts it. It is shocking that so many youth could change their identity in just one year. The reason why this is so shocking, is that it is a blatant misrepresentation of the study. The study which RR refers to, does NOT compare changes in what the adolescents “consider themselves” across the years. Self-identity is only measured at the last phase of the study. Indeed, the follow up study on the next set of data, by the very same researchers, found that
“individuals who identified as 100% homosexual reported nearly the same level of stability as 100% heterosexuals.”17
Those who identified as gay, remained gay. It is shocking, although unsurprising, that Rational Religion would so blatantly misrepresent the science.
I will however be kind to the RR team despite their wilful distortion of the study. In fact, it seems that they even misread the website “scienceoflgbt.com” from which they supposedly take this claim. Dr S Muhammad's website makes the claim that:
“Only 10% of adolescents who experienced homosexual attraction at 16 years of age, still experience it at 17 years of age, as compared to 78% of heterosexually attracted boys”18
Note the difference between Dr Muhammad's claim of “attraction” and RR’s claim of self-identity. I forwarded this claim to Professor Savin-Williams, the man who conducted the study.
“The researchers were purposefully trying to distort my study or are not very smart when it comes to research”
I wonder what the esteemed Professor would have to say about the even more dangerously misrepresented conclusions drawn by the Rational Religion folks about his study. Professor Savin-Williams clarifies that the survey, which asked people about their “romantic attraction” to the opposite sex, was poorly drafted and not well understood. In fact a year later, the data looked normal. And, as the follow up study by Professor Savin-Williams shows, those who identify as gay, remain gay. This should be clear to anyone who has ever met a gay person (try it! you can’t catch “the gay”, don’t worry!). Sexuality is indeed fluid for some, as Professor Savin-Williams notes, but NOT for all. In fact here are the facts for how people identify in the UK:
Over an age-range from 16 to 74, 1% of women and 1.5% of men consider themselves gay/lesbian, and 1.4% of women and 1% of men think of themselves as bisexual.19
Having surveyed the evidence then, it is both torturous and hilarious to hear RR team make the claim that the supposedly “scientific fact” that people can transition their sexuality is “whitewashed” by LGBT activists. The only whitewashing that is happening here is by the RR crew themselves. The fact that conversion therapy does not work is acknowledged by both its survivors and its previously strongest proponent. The world’s largest ex-gay organisation, Exodus International, closed down in 2013:
In 2013, Exodus International, formerly one of the largest ex-gay ministries. in the world, shut down after its director, Alan Chambers, issued an apology to the LGBT community. Chambers, who is married to a woman, has acknowledged that his same-sex attraction has not changed. At a 2012 conference, he said: “The majority of people that I have met, and I would say the majority meaning 99.9% of them, have not experienced a change in their orientation or have gotten to a place where they could say they could never be tempted or are not tempted in some way or experience some level of same-sex attraction.”20
Once comparing homosexuality to obesity in a 2011 interview with ABC News, the group's president, Alan Chambers, issued an extensive apology this week to the LGBTQ community reflecting his change of heart.21
"I am sorry for the pain and hurt many of you have experienced. I am sorry that some of you spent years working through the shame and guilt you felt when your attractions didn't change," Chambers said.
"I am sorry we promoted sexual orientation change efforts and reparative theories about sexual orientation that stigmatized parents," he added. "I am sorry that there were times I didn't stand up to people publicly 'on my side' who called you names like sodomite -- or worse."
In conclusion, the Rational Religion article more pseudoscientific misrepresentation than rational discussion of homosexuality. Conversion therapy is dangerous and takes as an assumption that being non-heterosexual is a disease that can be cured. Thankfully society is moving past this barbaric view. Let's hope Ahmadis begin to move past it too.
TL;DR Rational Religion promotes gay conversion therapy pseudoscience, Professor of the study they cite calls their claims "not very smart"
REFERENCES
  1. https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/intelligence-report/2011/10-anti-gay-myths-debunked
  2. http://www.apa.org/topics/lgbt/orientation.aspx?item=4
  3. This includes: The British National Health Service (which employs some of the RR team), Australian Psychological Society, The Canadian Psychological Association, Chinese Psychological Association, The Indian Psychiatric Association amongst many, many others. https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2018/01/03/all-the-medical-organisations-who-think-gay-cure-therapy-is-bullst/ + http://76crimes.com/ex-gay-therapy-what-reputable-experts-have-to-say/
  4. https://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/resources/sexual-orientation?tab=1
  5. https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/PS02_2014.pdf
  6. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.2000.86.3c.1071
  7. https://prospect.org/civil-rights/so-called-ex-gay-life/
  8. https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/intelligence-report/2011/10-anti-gay-myths-debunked
  9. https://psychnews.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/pn.47.12.psychnews_47_12_1-b
  10. https://www.psychiatry.org/File%20Library/About-APA/Organization-Documents-Policies/Policies/Position-Conversion-Therapy.pdf
  11. https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Conversion-Therapy-LGBT-Youth-Jan-2018.pdf
  12. https://www.hrc.org/resources/the-lies-and-dangers-of-reparative-therapy
  13. http://www.nclrights.org/our-work/born-perfect/. See here a statement calling for bans to the practice by survivors of conversion therapy. http://conversiontherapysurvivors.org/survivors-statement
  14. https://www.gaystarnews.com/article/us-%E2%80%98ex-gay%E2%80%99-movement-pioneer-turned-critic-john-evans-has-died-aged-80230115/
  15. https://www.tv2.no/a/8578501/
  16. https://www.dagbladet.no/kjendis/de-hapet-det-skulle-ga-ove71591457
  17. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22302504/
  18. https://scienceoflgbt.com/can-sexual-orientation-change-in-adulthood/
  19. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/ap05/10-per-cent-population-gay-alfred-kinsey-statistics
  20. https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/intelligence-report/2011/10-anti-gay-myths-debunked
  21. https://abcnews.go.com/US/exodus-international-gay-cure-group-leader-shutting-ministry/story?id=19446752
submitted by doublekafir to islam_ahmadiyya [link] [comments]


2020.08.11 11:34 CoinEx_Institution RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK

RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador

https://preview.redd.it/9k31yy1bdcg51.jpg?width=936&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=99bcb7c3f50b272b7d97247b369848b5d8cc6053

ABSTRACT

In this research report, we present a study on Kyber Network. Kyber Network is a decentralized, on-chain liquidity protocol designed to make trading tokens simple, efficient, robust and secure.
Kyber design allows any party to contribute to an aggregated pool of liquidity within each blockchain while providing a single endpoint for takers to execute trades using the best rates available. We envision a connected liquidity network that facilitates seamless, decentralized cross-chain token swaps across Kyber based networks on different chains.
Kyber is a fully on-chain liquidity protocol that enables decentralized exchange of cryptocurrencies in any application. Liquidity providers (Reserves) are integrated into one single endpoint for takers and users. When a user requests a trade, the protocol will scan the entire network to find the reserve with the best price and take liquidity from that particular reserve.

1.INTRODUCTION

DeFi applications all need access to good liquidity sources, which is a critical component to provide good services. Currently, decentralized liquidity is comprised of various sources including DEXes (Uniswap, OasisDEX, Bancor), decentralized funds and other financial apps. The more scattered the sources, the harder it becomes for anyone to either find the best rate for their trade or to even find enough liquidity for their need.
Kyber is a blockchain-based liquidity protocol that aggregates liquidity from a wide range of reserves, powering instant and secure token exchange in any decentralized application.
The protocol allows for a wide range of implementation possibilities for liquidity providers, allowing a wide range of entities to contribute liquidity, including end users, decentralized exchanges and other decentralized protocols. On the taker side, end users, cryptocurrency wallets, and smart contracts are able to perform instant and trustless token trades at the best rates available amongst the sources.
The Kyber Network is project based on the Ethereum protocol that seeks to completely decentralize the exchange of crypto currencies and make exchange trustless by keeping everything on the blockchain.
Through the Kyber Network, users should be able to instantly convert or exchange any crypto currency.

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT KYBER NETWORK PROTOCOL

The Kyber Network is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly — no waiting and no registration needed.
Using this protocol, developers can build innovative payment flows and applications, including instant token swap services, ERC20 payments, and financial DApps — helping to build a world where any token is usable anywhere.
Kyber’s fully on-chain design allows for full transparency and verifiability in the matching engine, as well as seamless composability with DApps, not all of which are possible with off-chain or hybrid approaches. The integration of a large variety of liquidity providers also makes Kyber uniquely capable of supporting sophisticated schemes and catering to the needs of DeFi DApps and financial institutions. Hence, many developers leverage Kyber’s liquidity pool to build innovative financial applications, and not surprisingly, Kyber is the most used DeFi protocol in the world.
The Kyber Network is quite an established project that is trying to change the way we think of decentralised crypto currency exchange.
The Kyber Network has seen very rapid development. After being announced in May 2017 the testnet for the Kyber Network went live in August 2017. An ICO followed in September 2017, with the company raising 200,000 ETH valued at $60 million in just one day.
The live main net was released in February 2018 to whitelisted participants, and on March 19, 2018, the Kyber Network opened the main net as a public beta. Since then the network has seen increasing growth, with network volumes growing more than 500% in the first half of 2019.
Although there was a modest decrease in August 2019 that can be attributed to the price of ETH dropping by 50%, impacting the overall total volumes being traded and processed globally.
They are developing a decentralised exchange protocol that will allow developers to build payment flows and financial apps. This is indeed quite a competitive market as a number of other such protocols have been launched.
In Brief - Kyber Network is a tool that allows anyone to swap tokens instantly without having to use exchanges. - It allows vendors to accept different types of cryptocurrency while still being paid in their preferred crypto of choice. - It’s built primarily for Ethereum, but any smart-contract based blockchain can incorporate it.
At its core, Kyber is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly–no waiting and no registration needed. To do this Kyber uses a diverse set of liquidity pools, or pools of different crypto assets called “reserves” that any project can tap into or integrate with.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
All this swapping happens directly on the Ethereum blockchain, meaning every transaction is completely transparent.

1.1.1 WHY BUILD THE KYBER NETWORK?

While crypto currencies were built to be decentralized, many of the exchanges for trading crypto currencies have become centralized affairs. This has led to security vulnerabilities, with many exchanges becoming the victims of hacking and theft.
It has also led to increased fees and costs, and the centralized exchanges often come with slow transfer times as well. In some cases, wallets have been locked and users are unable to withdraw their coins.
Decentralized exchanges have popped up recently to address the flaws in the centralized exchanges, but they have their own flaws, most notably a lack of liquidity, and often times high costs to modify trades in their on-chain order books.

Some of the Integrations with Kyber Protocol
The Kyber Network was formed to provide users with a decentralized exchange that keeps everything right on the blockchain, and uses a reserve system rather than an order book to provide high liquidity at all times. This will allow for the exchange and transfer of any cryptocurrency, even cross exchanges, and costs will be kept at a minimum as well.
The Kyber Network has three guiding design philosophies since the start:
  1. To be most useful the network needs to be platform-agnostic, which allows any protocol or application the ability to take advantage of the liquidity provided by the Kyber Network without any impact on innovation.
  2. The network was designed to make real-world commerce and decentralized financial products not only possible but also feasible. It does this by allowing for instant token exchange across a wide range of tokens, and without any settlement risk.
  3. The Kyber Network was created with ease of integration as a priority, which is why everything runs fully on-chain and fully transparent. Kyber is not only developer-friendly, but is also compatible with a wide variety of systems.

1.1.2 WHO INVENTED KYBER?

Kyber’s founders are Loi Luu, Victor Tran, Yaron Velner — CEO, CTO, and advisor to the Kyber Network.

1.1.3 WHAT DISTINGUISHES KYBER?

Kyber’s mission has always been to integrate with other protocols so they’ve focused on being developer-friendly by providing architecture to allow anyone to incorporate the technology onto any smart-contract powered blockchain. As a result, a variety of different dapps, vendors, and wallets use Kyber’s infrastructure including Set Protocol, bZx, InstaDApp, and Coinbase wallet.
Besides, dapps, vendors, and wallets, Kyber also integrates with other exchanges such as Uniswap — sharing liquidity pools between the two protocols.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
Limit orders on Kyber allow users to set a specific price in which they would like to exchange a token instead of accepting whatever price currently exists at the time of trading. However, unlike with other exchanges, users never lose custody of their crypto assets during limit orders on Kyber.
The Kyber protocol works by using pools of crypto funds called “reserves”, which currently support over 70 different ERC20 tokens. Reserves are essentially smart contracts with a pool of funds. Different parties with different prices and levels of funding control all reserves. Instead of using order books to match buyers and sellers to return the best price, the Kyber protocol looks at all the reserves and returns the best price among the different reserves. Reserves make money on the “spread” or differences between the buying and selling prices. The Kyber wants any token holder to easily convert one token to another with a minimum of fuss.

1.2 KYBER PROTOCOL

The protocol smart contracts offer a single interface for the best available token exchange rates to be taken from an aggregated liquidity pool across diverse sources. ● Aggregated liquidity pool. The protocol aggregates various liquidity sources into one liquidity pool, making it easy for takers to find the best rates offered with one function call. ● Diverse sources of liquidity. The protocol allows different types of liquidity sources to be plugged into. Liquidity providers may employ different strategies and different implementations to contribute liquidity to the protocol. ● Permissionless. The protocol is designed to be permissionless where any developer can set up various types of reserves, and any end user can contribute liquidity. Implementations need to take into consideration various security vectors, such as reserve spamming, but can be mitigated through a staking mechanism. We can expect implementations to be permissioned initially until the maintainers are confident about these considerations.
The core feature that the Kyber protocol facilitates is the token swap between taker and liquidity sources. The protocol aims to provide the following properties for token trades: ● Instant Settlement. Takers do not have to wait for their orders to be fulfilled, since trade matching and settlement occurs in a single blockchain transaction. This enables trades to be part of a series of actions happening in a single smart contract function. ● Atomicity. When takers make a trade request, their trade either gets fully executed, or is reverted. This “all or nothing” aspect means that takers are not exposed to the risk of partial trade execution. ● Public rate verification. Anyone can verify the rates that are being offered by reserves and have their trades instantly settled just by querying from the smart contracts. ● Ease of integration. Trustless and atomic token trades can be directly and easily integrated into other smart contracts, thereby enabling multiple trades to be performed in a smart contract function.
How each actor works is specified in Section Network Actors. 1. Takers refer to anyone who can directly call the smart contract functions to trade tokens, such as end-users, DApps, and wallets. 2. Reserves refer to anyone who wishes to provide liquidity. They have to implement the smart contract functions defined in the reserve interface in order to be registered and have their token pairs listed. 3. Registered reserves refer to those that will be cycled through for matching taker requests. 4. Maintainers refer to anyone who has permission to access the functions for the adding/removing of reserves and token pairs, such as a DAO or the team behind the protocol implementation. 5. In all, they comprise of the network, which refers to all the actors involved in any given implementation of the protocol.
The protocol implementation needs to have the following: 1. Functions for takers to check rates and execute the trades 2. Functions for the maintainers to registeremove reserves and token pairs 3. Reserve interface that defines the functions reserves needs to implement
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1.3 KYBER CORE SMART CONTRACTS

Kyber Core smart contracts is an implementation of the protocol that has major protocol functions to allow actors to join and interact with the network. For example, the Kyber Core smart contracts provide functions for the listing and delisting of reserves and trading pairs by having clear interfaces for the reserves to comply to be able to register to the network and adding support for new trading pairs. In addition, the Kyber Core smart contracts also provide a function for takers to query the best rate among all the registered reserves, and perform the trades with the corresponding rate and reserve. A trading pair consists of a quote token and any other token that the reserve wishes to support. The quote token is the token that is either traded from or to for all trades. For example, the Ethereum implementation of the Kyber protocol uses Ether as the quote token.
In order to search for the best rate, all reserves supporting the requested token pair will be iterated through. Hence, the Kyber Core smart contracts need to have this search algorithm implemented.
The key functions implemented in the Kyber Core Smart Contracts are listed in Figure 2 below. We will visit and explain the implementation details and security considerations of each function in the Specification Section.

1.4 HOW KYBER’S ON-CHAIN PROTOCOL WORKS?

Kyber is the liquidity infrastructure for decentralized finance. Kyber aggregates liquidity from diverse sources into a pool, which provides the best rates for takers such as DApps, Wallets, DEXs, and End users.

1.4.1 PROVIDING LIQUIDITY AS A RESERVE

Anyone can operate a Kyber Reserve to market make for profit and make their tokens available for DApps in the ecosystem. Through an open reserve architecture, individuals, token teams and professional market makers can contribute token assets to Kyber’s liquidity pool and earn from the spread in every trade. These tokens become available at the best rates across DApps that tap into the network, making them instantly more liquid and useful.
MAIN RESERVE TYPES Kyber currently has over 45 reserves in its network providing liquidity. There are 3 main types of reserves that allow different liquidity contribution options to suit the unique needs of different providers. 1. Automated Price Reserves (APR) — Allows token teams and users with large token holdings to have an automated yet customized pricing system with low maintenance costs. Synthetix and Melon are examples of teams that run APRs. 2. Fed Price Reserves (FPR) — Operated by professional market makers that require custom and advanced pricing strategies tailored to their specific needs. Kyber alongside reserves such as OneBit, runs FPRs. 3. Bridge Reserves (BR) — These are specialized reserves meant to bring liquidity from other on-chain liquidity providers like Uniswap, Oasis, DutchX, and Bancor into the network.

1.5 KYBER NETWORK ROLES

There Kyber Network functions through coordination between several different roles and functions as explained below: - Users — This entity uses the Kyber Network to send and receive tokens. A user can be an individual, a merchant, and even a smart contract account. - Reserve Entities — This role is used to add liquidity to the platform through the dynamic reserve pool. Some reserve entities are internal to the Kyber Network, but others may be registered third parties. Reserve entities may be public if the public contributes to the reserves they hold, otherwise they are considered private. By allowing third parties as reserve entities the network adds diversity, which prevents monopolization and keeps exchange rates competitive. Allowing third party reserve entities also allows for the listing of less popular coins with lower volumes. - Reserve Contributors — Where reserve entities are classified as public, the reserve contributor is the entity providing reserve funds. Their incentive for doing so is a profit share from the reserve. - The Reserve Manager — Maintains the reserve, calculates exchange rates and enters them into the network. The reserve manager profits from exchange spreads set by them on their reserves. They can also benefit from increasing volume by accessing the entire Kyber Network. - The Kyber Network Operator — Currently the Kyber Network team is filling the role of the network operator, which has a function to adds/remove Reserve Entities as well as controlling the listing of tokens. Eventually, this role will revert to a proper decentralized governance.

1.6 BASIC TOKEN TRADE

A basic token trade is one that has the quote token as either the source or destination token of the trade request. The execution flow of a basic token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for ETH as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 1 ETH to the protocol contract, and would like to receive BAT in return. 2. Protocol contract queries the first reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 3. Reserve 1 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 800 BAT. 4. Protocol contract queries the second reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 5. Reserve 2 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 820 BAT. 6. This process goes on for the other reserves. After the iteration, reserve 2 is discovered to have offered the best ETH to BAT exchange rate. 7. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to reserve 2. 8. The reserve sends 820 BAT to the taker.

1.7 TOKEN-TO-TOKEN TRADE

A token-to-token trade is one where the quote token is neither the source nor the destination token of the trade request. The exchange flow of a token to token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for DAI as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 50 BAT to the protocol contract, and would like to receive DAI in return. 2. Protocol contract sends 50 BAT to the reserve offering the best BAT to ETH rate. 3. Protocol contract receives 1 ETH in return. 4. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to the reserve offering the best ETH to DAI rate. 5. Protocol contract receives 30 DAI in return. 6. Protocol contract sends 30 DAI to the user.

2.KYBER NETWORK CRYSTAL (KNC) TOKEN

Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is an ERC-20 utility token and an integral part of Kyber Network.
KNC is the first deflationary staking token where staking rewards and token burns are generated from actual network usage and growth in DeFi.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is the backbone of the Kyber Network. It works to connect liquidity providers and those who need liquidity and serves three distinct purposes. The first of these is to collect transaction fees, and a portion of every fee collected is burned, which keeps KNC deflationary. Kyber Network Crystals (KNC), are named after the crystals in Star Wars used to power light sabers.
The KNC also ensures the smooth operation of the reserve system in the Kyber liquidity since entities must use third-party tokens to buy the KNC that pays for their operations in the network.
KNC allows token holders to play a critical role in determining the incentive system, building a wide base of stakeholders, and facilitating economic flow in the network. A small fee is charged each time a token exchange happens on the network, and KNC holders get to vote on this fee model and distribution, as well as other important decisions. Over time, as more trades are executed, additional fees will be generated for staking rewards and reserve rebates, while more KNC will be burned. - Participation rewards — KNC holders can stake KNC in the KyberDAO and vote on key parameters. Voters will earn staking rewards (in ETH) - Burning — Some of the network fees will be burned to reduce KNC supply permanently, providing long-term value accrual from decreasing supply. - Reserve incentives — KNC holders determine the portion of network fees that are used as rebates for selected liquidity providers (reserves) based on their volume performance.

Finally, the KNC token is the connection between the Kyber Network and the exchanges, wallets, and dApps that leverage the liquidity network. This is a virtuous system since entities are rewarded with referral fees for directing more users to the Kyber Network, which helps increase adoption for Kyber and for the entities using the Network.
And of course there will soon be a fourth and fifth uses for the KNC, which will be as a staking token used to generate passive income, as well as a governance token used to vote on key parameters of the network.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) was released in a September 2017 ICO at a price around $1. There were 226,000,000 KNC minted for the ICO, with 61% sold to the public. The remaining 39% are controlled 50/50 by the company and the founders/advisors, with a 1 year lockup period and 2 year vesting period.
Currently, just over 180 million coins are in circulation, and the total supply has been reduced to 210.94 million after the company burned 1 millionth KNC token in May 2019 and then its second millionth KNC token just three months later.
That means that while it took 15 months to burn the first million KNC, it took just 10 weeks to burn the second million KNC. That shows how rapidly adoption has been growing recently for Kyber, with July 2019 USD trading volumes on the Kyber Network nearly reaching $60 million. This volume has continued growing, and on march 13, 2020 the network experienced its highest daily trading activity of $33.7 million in a 24-hour period.
Currently KNC is required by Reserve Managers to operate on the network, which ensures a minimum amount of demand for the token. Combined with future plans for burning coins, price is expected to maintain an upward bias, although it has suffered along with the broader market in 2018 and more recently during the summer of 2019.
It was unfortunate in 2020 that a beginning rally was cut short by the coronavirus pandemic, although the token has stabilized as of April 2020, and there are hopes the rally could resume in the summer of 2020.

2.1 HOW ARE KNC TOKENS PRODUCED?

The native token of Kyber is called Kyber Network Crystals (KNC). All reserves are required to pay fees in KNC for the right to manage reserves. The KNC collected as fees are either burned and taken out of the total supply or awarded to integrated dapps as an incentive to help them grow.

2.2 HOW DO YOU GET HOLD OF KNC TOKENS?

Kyber Swap can be used to buy ETH directly using a credit card, which can then be used to swap for KNC. Besides Kyber itself, exchanges such as Binance, Huobi, and OKex trade KNC.

2.3 WHAT CAN YOU DO WITH KYBER?

The most direct and basic function of Kyber is for instantly swapping tokens without registering an account, which anyone can do using an Etheruem wallet such as MetaMask. Users can also create their own reserves and contribute funds to a reserve, but that process is still fairly technical one–something Kyber is working on making easier for users in the future.

2.4 THE GOAL OF KYBER THE FUTURE

The goal of Kyber in the coming years is to solidify its position as a one-stop solution for powering liquidity and token swapping on Ethereum. Kyber plans on a major protocol upgrade called Katalyst, which will create new incentives and growth opportunities for all stakeholders in their ecosystem, especially KNC holders. The upgrade will mean more use cases for KNC including to use KNC to vote on governance decisions through a decentralized organization (DAO) called the KyberDAO.
With our upcoming Katalyst protocol upgrade and new KNC model, Kyber will provide even more benefits for stakeholders. For instance, reserves will no longer need to hold a KNC balance for fees, removing a major friction point, and there will be rebates for top performing reserves. KNC holders can also stake their KNC to participate in governance and receive rewards.

2.5 BUYING & STORING KNC

Those interested in buying KNC tokens can do so at a number of exchanges. Perhaps your best bet between the complete list is the likes of Coinbase Pro and Binance. The former is based in the USA whereas the latter is an offshore exchange.
The trading volume is well spread out at these exchanges, which means that the liquidity is not concentrated and dependent on any one exchange. You also have decent liquidity on each of the exchange books. For example, the Binance BTC / KNC books are wide and there is decent turnover. This means easier order execution.
KNC is an ERC20 token and can be stored in any wallet with ERC20 support, such as MyEtherWallet or MetaMask. One interesting alternative is the KyberSwap Android mobile app that was released in August 2019.
It allows for instant swapping of tokens and has support for over 70 different altcoins. It also allows users to set price alerts and limit orders and works as a full-featured Ethereum wallet.

2.6 KYBER KATALYST UPGRADE

Kyber has announced their intention to become the de facto liquidity layer for the Decentralized Finance space, aiming to have Kyber as the single on-chain endpoint used by the majority of liquidity providers and dApp developers. In order to achieve this goal the Kyber Network team is looking to create an open ecosystem that garners trust from the decentralized finance space. They believe this is the path that will lead the majority of projects, developers, and users to choose Kyber for liquidity needs. With that in mind they have recently announced the launch of a protocol upgrade to Kyber which is being called Katalyst.
The Katalyst upgrade will create a stronger ecosystem by creating strong alignments towards a common goal, while also strengthening the incentives for stakeholders to participate in the ecosystem.
The primary beneficiaries of the Katalyst upgrade will be the three major Kyber stakeholders: 1. Reserve managers who provide network liquidity; 2. dApps that connect takers to Kyber; 3. KNC holders.
These stakeholders can expect to see benefits as highlighted below: Reserve Managers will see two new benefits to providing liquidity for the network. The first of these benefits will be incentives for providing reserves. Once Katalyst is implemented part of the fees collected will go to the reserve managers as an incentive for providing liquidity.
This mechanism is similar to rebates in traditional finance, and is expected to drive the creation of additional reserves and market making, which in turn will lead to greater liquidity and platform reach.
Katalyst will also do away with the need for reserve managers to maintain a KNC balance for use as network fees. Instead fees will be automatically collected and used as incentives or burned as appropriate. This should remove a great deal of friction for reserves to connect with Kyber without affecting the competitive exchange rates that takers in the system enjoy. dApp Integrators will now be able to set their own spread, which will give them full control over their own business model. This means the current fee sharing program that shares 30% of the 0.25% fee with dApp developers will go away and developers will determine their own spread. It’s believed this will increase dApp development within Kyber as developers will now be in control of fees.
KNC Holders, often thought of as the core of the Kyber Network, will be able to take advantage of a new staking mechanism that will allow them to receive a portion of network fees by staking their KNC and participating in the KyberDAO.

2.7 COMING KYBERDAO

With the implementation of the Katalyst protocol the KNC holders will be put right at the heart of Kyber. Holders of KNC tokens will now have a critical role to play in determining the future economic flow of the network, including its incentive systems.
The primary way this will be achieved is through KyberDAO, a way in which on-chain and off-chain governance will align to streamline cooperation between the Kyber team, KNC holders, and market participants.
The Kyber Network team has identified 3 key areas of consideration for the KyberDAO: 1. Broad representation, transparent governance and network stability 2. Strong incentives for KNC holders to maintain their stake and be highly involved in governance 3. Maximizing participation with a wide range of options for voting delegation
Interaction between KNC Holders & Kyber
This means KNC holders have been empowered to determine the network fee and how to allocate the fees to ensure maximum network growth. KNC holders will now have three fee allocation options to vote on: - Voting Rewards: Immediate value creation. Holders who stake and participate in the KyberDAO get their share of the fees designated for rewards. - Burning: Long term value accrual. The decreasing supply of KNC will improve the token appreciation over time and benefit those who did not participate. - Reserve Incentives:Value creation via network growth. By rewarding Kyber reserve managers based on their performance, it helps to drive greater volume, value, and network fees.

2.8 TRANSPARENCY AND STABILITY

The design of the KyberDAO is meant to allow for the greatest network stability, as well as maximum transparency and the ability to quickly recover in emergency situations. Initally the Kyber team will remain as maintainers of the KyberDAO. The system is being developed to be as verifiable as possible, while still maintaining maximum transparency regarding the role of the maintainer in the DAO.
Part of this transparency means that all data and processes are stored on-chain if feasible. Voting regarding network fees and allocations will be done on-chain and will be immutable. In situations where on-chain storage or execution is not feasible there will be a set of off-chain governance processes developed to ensure all decisions are followed through on.

2.9 KNC STAKING AND DELEGATION

Staking will be a new addition and both staking and voting will be done in fixed periods of times called “epochs”. These epochs will be measured in Ethereum block times, and each KyberDAO epoch will last roughly 2 weeks.
This is a relatively rapid epoch and it is beneficial in that it gives more rapid DAO conclusion and decision-making, while also conferring faster reward distribution. On the downside it means there needs to be a new voting campaign every two weeks, which requires more frequent participation from KNC stakeholders, as well as more work from the Kyber team.
Delegation will be part of the protocol, allowing stakers to delegate their voting rights to third-party pools or other entities. The pools receiving the delegation rights will be free to determine their own fee structure and voting decisions. Because the pools will share in rewards, and because their voting decisions will be clearly visible on-chain, it is expected that they will continue to work to the benefit of the network.

3. TRADING

After the September 2017 ICO, KNC settled into a trading price that hovered around $1.00 (decreasing in BTC value) until December. The token has followed the trend of most other altcoins — rising in price through December and sharply declining toward the beginning of January 2018.
The KNC price fell throughout all of 2018 with one exception during April. From April 6th to April 28th, the price rose over 200 percent. This run-up coincided with a blog post outlining plans to bring Bitcoin to the Ethereum blockchain. Since then, however, the price has steadily fallen, currently resting on what looks like a $0.15 (~0.000045 BTC) floor.
With the number of partners using the Kyber Network, the price may rise as they begin to fully use the network. The development team has consistently hit the milestones they’ve set out to achieve, so make note of any release announcements on the horizon.

4. COMPETITION

The 0x project is the biggest competitor to Kyber Network. Both teams are attempting to enter the decentralized exchange market. The primary difference between the two is that Kyber performs the entire exchange process on-chain while 0x keeps the order book and matching off-chain.
As a crypto swap exchange, the platform also competes with ShapeShift and Changelly.

5.KYBER MILESTONES

• June 2020: Digifox, an all-in-one finance application by popular crypto trader and Youtuber Nicholas Merten a.k.a DataDash (340K subs), integrated Kyber to enable users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies without having to leave the application. • June 2020: Stake Capital partnered with Kyber to provide convenient KNC staking and delegation services, and also took a KNC position to participate in governance. • June 2020: Outlined the benefits of the Fed Price Reserve (FPR) for professional market makers and advanced developers. • May 2020: Kyber crossed US$1 Billion in total trading volume and 1 Million transactions, performed entirely on-chain on Ethereum. • May 2020: StakeWith.Us partnered Kyber Network as a KyberDAO Pool Master. • May 2020: 2Key, a popular blockchain referral solution using smart links, integrated Kyber’s on-chain liquidity protocol for seamless token swaps • May 2020: Blockchain game League of Kingdoms integrated Kyber to accept Token Payments for Land NFTs. • May 2020: Joined the Zcash Developer Alliance , an invite-only working group to advance Zcash development and interoperability. • May 2020: Joined the Chicago DeFi Alliance to help accelerate on-chain market making for professionals and developers. • March 2020: Set a new record of USD $33.7M in 24H fully on-chain trading volume, and $190M in 30 day on-chain trading volume. • March 2020: Integrated by Rarible, Bullionix, and Unstoppable Domains, with the KyberWidget deployed on IPFS, which allows anyone to swap tokens through Kyber without being blocked. • February 2020: Popular Ethereum blockchain game Axie Infinity integrated Kyber to accept ERC20 payments for NFT game items. • February 2020: Kyber’s protocol was integrated by Gelato Finance, Idle Finance, rTrees, Sablier, and 0x API for their liquidity needs. • January 2020: Kyber Network was found to be the most used protocol in the whole decentralized finance (DeFi) space in 2019, according to a DeFi research report by Binance. • December 2019: Switcheo integrated Kyber’s protocol for enhanced liquidity on their own DEX. • December 2019: DeFi Wallet Eidoo integrated Kyber for seamless in-wallet token swaps. • December 2019: Announced the development of the Katalyst Protocol Upgrade and new KNC token model. • July 2019: Developed the Waterloo Bridge , a Decentralized Practical Cross-chain Bridge between EOS and Ethereum, successfully demonstrating a token swap between Ethereum to EOS. • July 2019: Trust Wallet, the official Binance wallet, integrated Kyber as part of its decentralized token exchange service, allowing even more seamless in-wallet token swaps for thousands of users around the world. • May 2019: HTC, the large consumer electronics company with more than 20 years of innovation, integrated Kyber into its Zion Vault Wallet on EXODUS 1 , the first native web 3.0 blockchain phone, allowing users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies in a decentralized manner without leaving the wallet. • January 2019: Introduced the Automated Price Reserve (APR) , a capital efficient way for token teams and individuals to market make with low slippage. • January 2019: The popular Enjin Wallet, a default blockchain DApp on the Samsung S10 and S20 mobile phones, integrated Kyber to enable in-wallet token swaps. • October 2018: Kyber was a founding member of the WBTC (Wrapped Bitcoin) Initiative and DAO. • October 2018: Developed the KyberWidget for ERC20 token swaps on any website, with CoinGecko being the first major project to use it on their popular site.

Full Article

submitted by CoinEx_Institution to kybernetwork [link] [comments]


2020.08.05 18:44 mickhagen Crypto Banking Wars: Will Coinbase or Binance Become The Bank of The Future?

Crypto Banking Wars: Will Coinbase or Binance Become The Bank of The Future?
Can the early success of major crypto exchanges propel them to winning the broader consumer finance market?
https://reddit.com/link/i48t4q/video/v4eo10gom7f51/player
This is the first part of Crypto Banking Wars — a new series that examines what crypto-native company is most likely to become the bank of the future. Who is best positioned to reach mainstream adoption in consumer finance?
While crypto allows the world to get rid of banks, a bank will still very much be necessary for this powerful technology to reach the masses. We believe a crypto-native company, like Genesis Block, will become the bank of the future.
In an earlier series, Crypto-Powered, we laid out arguments for why crypto-native companies have a huge edge in the market. When you consider both the broad spectrum of financial use-cases and the enormous value unlocked through these DeFi protocols, you can see just how big of an unfair advantage blockchain tech becomes for companies who truly understand and leverage it. Traditional banks and fintech unicorns simply won’t be able to keep up.
The power players of consumer finance in the 21st century will be crypto-native companies who build with blockchain technology at their core.
The crypto landscape is still nascent. We’re still very much in the fragmented, unbundled phase of the industry lifecycle. Beyond what Genesis Block is doing, there are signs of other companies slowly starting to bundle financial services into what could be an all-in-one bank replacement.
So the key question that this series hopes to answer:
Which crypto-native company will successfully become the bank of the future?
We obviously think Genesis Block is well-positioned to win. But we certainly aren’t the only game in town. In this series, we’ll be doing an analysis of who is most capable of thwarting our efforts. We’ll look at categories like crypto exchanges, crypto wallets, centralized lending & borrowing services, and crypto debit card companies. Each category will have its own dedicated post.
Today we’re analyzing big crypto exchanges. The two companies we’ll focus on today are Coinbase (biggest American exchange) and Binance (biggest global exchange). They are the top two exchanges in terms of Bitcoin trading volume. They are in pole position to winning this market — they have a huge existing userbase and strong financial resources.
Will Coinbase or Binance become the bank of the future? Can their early success propel them to winning the broader consumer finance market? Is their growth too far ahead for anyone else to catch up? Let’s dive in.
https://preview.redd.it/lau4hevpm7f51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=2c5de1ba497199f36aa194e5809bd86e5ab533d8

Binance

The most formidable exchange on the global stage is Binance (Crunchbase). All signs suggest they have significantly more users and a stronger balance sheet than Coinbase. No other exchange is executing as aggressively and relentlessly as Binance is. The cadence at which they are shipping and launching new products is nothing short of impressive. As Tushar Jain from Multicoin argues, Binance is Blitzscaling.
Here are some of the products that they’ve launched in the last 18 months. Only a few are announced but still pre-launch.
Binance is well-positioned to become the crypto-powered, all-in-one, bundled solution for financial services. They already have so many of the pieces. But the key question is:
Can they create a cohesive & united product experience?

Binance Weaknesses

Binance is strong, but they do have a few major weaknesses that could slow them down.
  1. Traders & Speculators Binance is currently very geared for speculators, traders, and financial professionals. Their bread-and-butter is trading (spot, margin, options, futures). Their UI is littered with depth charts, order books, candlesticks, and other financial concepts that are beyond the reach of most normal consumers. Their product today is not at all tailored for the broader consumer market. Given Binance’s popularity and strength among the pro audience, it’s unlikely that they will dumb down or simplify their product any time soon. That would jeopardize their core business. Binance will likely need an entirely new product/brand to go beyond the pro user crowd. That will take time (or an acquisition). So the question remains, is Binance even interested in the broader consumer market? Or will they continue to focus on their core product, the one-stop-shop for pro crypto traders?
  2. Controversies & Hot Water Binance has had a number of controversies. No one seems to know where they are based — so what regulatory agencies can hold them accountable? Last year, some sensitive, private user data got leaked. When they announced their debit card program, they had to remove mentions of Visa quickly after. And though the “police raid” story proved to be untrue, there are still a lot of questions about what happened with their Shanghai office shut down (where there is smoke, there is fire). If any company has had a “move fast and break things” attitude, it is Binance. That attitude has served them well so far but as they try to do business in more regulated countries like America, this will make their road much more difficult — especially in the consumer market where trust takes a long time to earn, but can be destroyed in an instant. This is perhaps why the Binance US product is an empty shell when compared to their main global product.
  3. Disjointed Product Experience Because Binance has so many different teams launching so many different services, their core product is increasingly feeling disjointed and disconnected. Many of the new features are sloppily integrated with each other. There’s no cohesive product experience. This is one of the downsides of executing and shipping at their relentless pace. For example, users don’t have a single wallet that shows their balances. Depending on if the user wants to do spot trading, margin, futures, or savings… the user needs to constantly be transferring their assets from one wallet to another. It’s not a unified, frictionless, simple user experience. This is one major downside of the “move fast and break things” approach.
  4. BNB token Binance raised $15M in a 2017 ICO by selling their $BNB token. The current market cap of $BNB is worth more than $2.6B. Financially this token has served them well. However, given how BNB works (for example, their token burn), there are a lot of open questions as to how BNB will be treated with US security laws. Their Binance US product so far is treading very lightly with its use of BNB. Their token could become a liability for Binance as it enters more regulated markets. Whether the crypto community likes it or not, until regulators get caught up and understand the power of decentralized technology, tokens will still be a regulatory burden — especially for anything that touches consumers.
  5. Binance Chain & Smart Contract Platform Binance is launching its own smart contract platform soon. Based on compatibility choices, they have their sights aimed at the Ethereum developer community. It’s unclear how easy it’ll be to convince developers to move to Binance chain. Most of the current developer energy and momentum around smart contracts is with Ethereum. Because Binance now has their own horse in the race, it’s unlikely they will ever decide to leverage Ethereum’s DeFi protocols. This could likely be a major strategic mistake — and hubris that goes a step too far. Binance will be pushing and promoting protocols on their own platform. The major risk of being all-in on their own platform is that they miss having a seat on the Ethereum rocket ship — specifically the growth of DeFi use-cases and the enormous value that can be unlocked. Integrating with Ethereum’s protocols would be either admitting defeat of their own platform or competing directly against themselves.

Binance Wrap Up

I don’t believe Binance is likely to succeed with a homegrown product aimed at the consumer finance market. Their current product — which is focused heavily on professional traders and speculators — is unlikely to become the bank of the future. If they wanted to enter the broader consumer market, I believe it’s much more likely that they will acquire a company that is getting early traction. They are not afraid to make acquisitions (Trust, JEX, WazirX, DappReview, BxB, CoinMarketCap, Swipe).
However, never count CZ out. He is a hustler. Binance is executing so aggressively and relentlessly that they will always be on the shortlist of major contenders.
https://preview.redd.it/mxmlg1zqm7f51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=2d900dd5ff7f3b00df5fe5a48305d57ebeffaa9a

Coinbase

The crypto-native company that I believe is more likely to become the bank of the future is Coinbase (crunchbase). Their dominance in America could serve as a springboard to winning the West (Binance has a stronger foothold in Asia). Coinbase has more than 30M users. Their exchange business is a money-printing machine. They have a solid reputation as it relates to compliance and working with regulators. Their CEO is a longtime member of the crypto community. They are rumored to be going public soon.

Coinbase Strengths

Let’s look at what makes them strong and a likely contender for winning the broader consumer finance market.
  1. Different Audience, Different Experience Coinbase has been smart to create a unique product experience for each audience — the pro speculator crowd and the common retail user. Their simple consumer version is at Coinbase.com. That’s the default. Their product for the more sophisticated traders and speculators is at Coinbase Pro (formerly GDAX). Unlike Binance, Coinbase can slowly build out the bank of the future for the broad consumer market while still having a home for their hardcore crypto traders. They aren’t afraid to have different experiences for different audiences.
  2. Brand & Design Coinbase has a strong product design team. Their brand is capable of going beyond the male-dominated crypto audience. Their product is clean and simple — much more consumer-friendly than Binance. It’s clear they spend a lot of time thinking about their user experience. Interacting directly with crypto can sometimes be rough and raw (especially for n00bs). When I was at Mainframe we hosted a panel about Crypto UX challenges at the DevCon4 Dapp Awards. Connie Yang (Head of Design at Coinbase) was on the panel. She was impressive. Some of their design philosophies will bode well as they push to reach the broader consumer finance market.
  3. USDC Stablecoin Coinbase (along with Circle) launched USDC. We’ve shared some stats about its impressive growth when we discussed DeFi use-cases. USDC is quickly becoming integrated with most DeFi protocols. As a result, Coinbase is getting a front-row seat at some of the most exciting things happening in decentralized finance. As Coinbase builds its knowledge and networks around these protocols, it could put them in a favorable position to unlock incredible value for their users.
  4. Early Signs of Bundling Though Coinbase has nowhere near as many products & services as Binance, they are slowly starting to add more financial services that may appeal to the broader market. They are now letting depositors earn interest on USDC (also DAI & Tezos). In the UK they are piloting a debit card. Users can now invest in crypto with dollar-cost-averaging. It’s not much, but it’s a start. You can start to see hints of a more bundled solution around financial services.

Coinbase Weaknesses

Let’s now look at some things that could hold them back.
  1. Slow Cadence In the fast-paced world of crypto, and especially when compared to Binance, Coinbase does not ship very many new products very often. This is perhaps their greatest weakness. Smaller, more nimble startups may run circles around them. They were smart to launch Coinbase Ventures where tey invest in early-stage startups. They can now keep an ear to the ground on innovation. Perhaps their cadence is normal for a company of their size — but the Binance pace creates quite the contrast.
  2. Lack of Innovation When you consider the previous point (slow cadence), it’s unclear if Coinbase is capable of building and launching new products that are built internally. Most of their new products have come through acquisitions. Their Earn.com acquisition is what led to their Earn educational product. Their acquisition of Xapo helped bolster their institutional custody offering. They acqui-hired a team to help launch their staking infrastructure. Their acquisition of Cipher Browser became an important part of Coinbase Wallet. And recently, they acquired Tagomi — a crypto prime brokerage. Perhaps most of Coinbase’s team is just focused on improving their golden goose, their exchange business. It’s unclear. But the jury is still out on if they can successfully innovate internally and launch any homegrown products.
  3. Talent Exodus There have been numerous reports of executive turmoil at Coinbase. It raises a lot of questions about company culture and vision. Some of the executives who departed include COO Asiff Hirji, CTO Balaji Srinivasan, VP & GM Adam White, VP Eng Tim Wagner, VP Product Jeremy Henrickson, Sr Dir of Eng Namrata Ganatra, VP of Intl Biz Dan Romero, Dir of Inst Sales Christine Sandler, Head of Trading Hunter Merghart, Dir Data Science Soups Ranjan, Policy Lead Mike Lempres, Sr Compliance Vaishali Mehta. Many of these folks didn’t stay with Coinbase very long. We don’t know exactly why it’s happening —but when you consider a few of my first points (slow cadence, lack of innovation), you have to wonder if it’s all related.
  4. Institutional Focus As a company, we are a Coinbase client. We love their institutional offering. It’s clear they’ve been investing a lot in this area. A recent Coinbase blog post made it clear that this has been a focus: “Over the past 12 months, Coinbase has been laser-focused on building out the types of features and services that our institutional customers need.” Their Tagomi acquisition only re-enforced this focus. Perhaps this is why their consumer product has felt so neglected. They’ve been heavily investing in their institutional services since May 2018. For a company that’s getting very close to an IPO, it makes sense that they’d focus on areas that present strong revenue opportunities — as they do with institutional clients. Even for big companies like Coinbase, it’s hard to have a split focus. If they are “laser-focused” on the institutional audience, it’s unlikely they’ll be launching any major consumer products anytime soon.

Coinbase Wrap Up

At Genesis Block, we‘re proud to be working with Coinbase. They are a fantastic company. However, I don’t believe that they’ll succeed in building their own product for the broader consumer finance market. While they have incredible design, there are no signs that they are focused on or capable of internally building this type of product.
Similar to Binance, I think it’s far more likely that Coinbase acquires a promising young startup with strong growth.

Honorable Mentions

Other US-based exchanges worth mentioning are Kraken, Gemini, and Bittrex. So far we’ve seen very few signs that any of them will aggressively attack broader consumer finance. Most are going in the way of Binance — listing more assets and adding more pro tools like margin and futures trading. And many, like Coinbase, are trying to attract more institutional customers. For example, Gemini with their custody product.

Wrap Up

Coinbase and Binance have huge war chests and massive reach. For that alone, they should always be considered threats to Genesis Block. However, their products are very, very different than the product we’re building. And their approach is very different as well. They are trying to educate and onboard people into crypto. At Genesis Block, we believe the masses shouldn’t need to know or care about it. We did an entire series about this, Spreading Crypto.
Most everyone needs banking — whether it be to borrow, spend, invest, earn interest, etc. Not everyone needs a crypto exchange. For non-crypto consumers (the mass market), the differences between a bank and a crypto exchange are immense. Companies like Binance and Coinbase make a lot of money on their crypto exchange business. It would be really difficult, gutsy, and risky for any of them to completely change their narrative, messaging, and product to focus on the broader consumer market. I don’t believe they would ever risk biting the hand that feeds them.
In summary, as it relates to a digital bank aimed at the mass market, I believe both Coinbase and Binance are much more likely to acquire a startup in this space than they are to build it themselves. And I think they would want to keep the brand/product distinct and separate from their core crypto exchange business.
So back to the original question, is Coinbase and Binance a threat to Genesis Block? Not really. Not today. But they could be, and for that, we want to stay close to them.
------
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2020.07.30 22:06 Johnny_Guano The spectacular rise and even more miraculous “fall” of Hitler and Nazi Germany: what explains it? Some points and conjecture.

I have studied this period and have found it absolutely bizarre; I am looking for answers to make logical sense for what to me seems utter madness. My eclectic research has found strange pieces of a puzzle that just do not fit well together. This is my list of things that just don't add up. Are these facts wrong, and are some of my conjectures totally wrong – if so why?
  1. Hitler's first assignment was actually to spy or investigate the German Worker's Party. He ended up becoming its leader and subsequently turning it into the Nazi party. Very strange.
  2. Hitler was not even remotely “Aryan” genetically or in appearance. Nor were most of the main Nazis. In fact, you find many rumors (even about Hitler himself) of Nazis who were at least part Jewish or had Jewish wives or family members. Goebbels himself summed up the situation correctly in his typically twisted way:“We decide who is Jewish and who is not.”
  3. Why on Earth did Hitler NOT bomb and obliterate the British forces at Dunkirk? Game over on the Western Front it would seem. What possible excuse is there for not taking this action and almost certainly guaranteeing a victory against England?
  4. Operation Barbarossa, the Russian Defenses seemed completely overwhelmed. Superior German forces and victorious battles seemed to guarantee a triumphal Germany. But in August 41 Hitler overrode the unanimous advice of his Generals to make capturing Moscow the top priority and instead first attack scattered pockets of Russians. WTF!
  5. In addition to these two military “blunders,” Hitler made many more. Apparently some top brass thought he was “mad” or worse. This explains assassination attempts from within and brings us to Hess:
  6. What was the purpose of Hess' mission to England and who authorized it and who had knowledge of it? According to my research, Hess must have had some collaborators (some say on both sides) to make this flight to England unscathed. Yes, in the end he did end up crashing (that was just poor piloting though) and not meeting with the specific royals whom he was supposed to meet. Some sources claim it was to make peace with Britain and remove Hitler from power. Some sources claim Hitler knew and Hess brought with him Germay's war plan for Operation Barbarossa.
  7. Did Hitler die in the bunker? This one has always had an unbearable stench to me that got more malodorous the more I researched it. In the first place, the only sources for Hitler's “suicide” were his closest associates and Nazis themselves – so from the get-go we have no proof at all but the “word” of Nazis. Moreover, many respectable figures in the armed services, government, and even the general public believed Hitler escaped. The cornerstone for what I see as the myth-making of his final days and “alleged” suicide is The Last Days of Hitler by Hugh Trevor-Roper. Roper was a known intelligence agent.
  8. We know there was a ratline to get Nazis out e.g. help (for a price) from the Catholic church. Which top Nazis escaped? I think we are being systematically lied to about this. For instance, there is evidence that Bormann not only escaped but was using banking services in his own name after the war. Nevertheless, “Using DNA analysis, German and Swiss scientists have established that a skeleton dug up in Berlin in 1972 is indeed Bormann's.” https://www.independent.co.uk/news/dna-test-closes-book-on-mystery-of-martin-bormann-1161449.html Yea … we can trust the Swiss and Germans on this; no conflict of interest there as the Swiss and the BIS “didn't” launder billions of Nazi war booty. Moreover, Germans and its government are ashamed of their Nazi past right? … read on
  9. When I was in Berlin not so long ago, right in the STATE museums placards would inform the viewer that this or that painter was Hitler's favorite. My initial reaction was obviously WTF followed by Hitler sure had bad taste in art. I saw and met no Germans in the cities I visited that were overtly Nazi/fascist in any way - quite the opposite. Why were these bizarre placards in the State museums.
  10. This point is mostly my own “outlandish” speculation” to make sense of it all. Did Hitler spend time before WWI in England with relatives? Do we have definitive proof one way or the other? According to his sister-in-law in The Memoirs of Bridget Hitler he did. One reason I do NOT dismiss this possibility as instantly laughable, like so many academics and mainstream historians do (often British), is that this may explain Hitler's bizarre war orders (e.g.. Dunkirk). Not to mention the fact that British (and others) had sexually comprising info on him, making him open to blackmail. We see this going on in recent times (Craig Spence, Franklin Scandal) and today with Epstein/Maxwell etc. As crazy as this speculation sounds, after reviewing all the bizarre facts of the war: I suspect Hitler was sexually comprised early on (and even later too) and “pwned” by somebody – many signs point to the British. Hess at Nuremberg was making similar claims: that top people were controlled/blackmailed by certain secret societies. I find it absolutely crazy that Hitler is positively thought of by any German and ESPECIALLY its government since not only did Hitler brought ruin to Germany and brought to fruition the Balfour plan, Germany even today is still making war reparation payments to their supposed “boogeyman” the Jew and Israel.
  11. So ... the big question: who really benefited from WWII?
Additional points not listed and big topics on their own"
1 - Who funded Nazi Germany's meteoric rise since they were? e.g. Prescott Bush (a bonesman) and the financial elite. In fact, there is evidence that the Bush family fortune derives from its dealings with Nazi Germany: https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2018/12/05/intr-d05.html We do know Germany "got away with" bypassing the international banking elite and printing their own debt free currency. We in the U.S. do not have debt free currency i.e. the Federal Reserve Scam. Presidents who have suggested or attempted to bypass a private banker "monetized debt" system and/or the Federal Reserve have been assassinated: e.g. Lincoln printed greenbacks and Kennedy did similar.
2 - OSS becomes CIA and via project paperclip and incorporates Reinhard Gehlen (the Nazi's spymaster) into their ranks. Worthy of note: Skull and Bonesmen have a huge influence in the U.S. intelligence community e.g. many directors of the CIA have been bonesman.
3 - Skull and Bones is an American chapter of a German secret society. There are reliable accounts that they have, or had, a Nazi shrine room.
4 - Project Paperclip: America let in tons of Nazi talent (and often war criminals). Their war records were dressed up and they entered the U.S. and became key parts of many governmental and corporate structure: "the military industrial complex." Take it for what you will, Albert Speer after his release from Spandau boasted that the Nazis were basically running the U.S. at that point. 5 - The Nazi ratline and mass exodus to South America. 6 - Nazi amazing even miraculous high-tech achievements.
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2020.07.25 14:04 BakaSandwich The Annunaki & The Pharaohs

The Annunaki & The Pharaoh by u/The-Initiate
The Annunaki are a group of Pleiadian and Centaurian rebels who came to earth about four hundred thousand years ago.
They were our Overlords since the time of Atlantis.
The planet Nibiru is a planetary-size body, between three and four times larger than Earth, a dark reddish metallic surface and rings around it. It originated from the Pleiadian star system. It is in a long elliptical orbit with a period of 3600 years, an orbital inclination of 33o and a retrograde path. It used to pass between the asteroid belt and Jupiter during its closest approach to the sun.
Its last passage was March 2003 when it passed inside the orbit of Mercury.
Of note, it was within a couple weeks of the historically predicted date.
It should have caused widespread destruction on Earth and thrown Mercury into a collision course with the Sun.
Someone is watching over us.
....Nibiru is a space station. The rings are part of the force field. The two rings move 90o to each other when it is activated. It is hollow and occupied on the inside.
.. It was damaged in a battle with an alien race of beings known as the Reptiles over a million years ago.
... One of the outcomes of that battle was the creation of the asteroid belt zations on Mars and Venus and Earth were destroyed in that battle.
Humans have been destroyed over and over in many battles throughout the life of the universe.
...They have existed on many planets in many solar systems. They have been in a constant struggle with a race of beings called the Reptiles ever since the Universe was created.
This struggle is part of a larger conflict called the Polarity Integration Game which was created at the same time as the creation of this Universe.
The Nibiru space station was created to mediate the conflict in this area of the Galaxy associated with The Game.
The Nibiruans needed gold, platinum and other transition metals to patch the force field and supply biological needs. Gold and platinum metals are converted to exotic matter or ORME; a substance which is used to warp space-time and travel among the stars
Think “Spice” as in the novel and movie DUNE
It is also ingested to extend and sustain advanced life. There were no stores of minerals on their space station so they had to find it off-world.
They found gold in the asteroid belt!
Their attempt to extract it however, was interrupted when the entire mining operation and the miners were destroyed in a collision between the asteroids.
It was an unacceptably hazardous undertaking to continue mining in that area.
Their initial base of operations on Earth was called Eridu, in the region of the confluence of Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now Iraq.
Image of Eridu remains. Oldest known city on Earth.
The story of that landing and the establishment of a primitive base of operations is documented The Lost Book of ENKI.
The leader of that group was called EN.KIor “Lord of Earth”
Location of AB.ZU
Many miners were injured and the remaining miners were staging a revolt.
In an effort to resolve the conflict, as well as to fulfill their contract with the Creators (to provide a vessel for the Etherics and the lost souls of Maldek), EN.KI, with the assistance of his sister Inanna, developed an alien-human hybrid, the original Adam and Eve.
This Being contained the genetic information from the Anunnaki and a native Earth species found in south-eastern Africa known ashomo-erectus.
Homo-erectus was a creation of the Sirians. This Being was created nearly identical to the Anunnaki in every way, except for a shortened life span. This Being was taught how to work the mines and help with civil and domestic chores in the cities and spaceports.
The Adamic man was a big success except he was a bit too smart.
He was quite capable of learning everything that the Anunnaki knew and then some. Matters got complicated because EN.KI started teaching him who he was.
Incidentally, Adam and Eve lived in a compound called E.DIN and EN.KI was the Snake or Lucifer in the biblical story and the “Lord of the Garden” was his brother EN.LIL.
... There was no “Apple” and Eve didn’t tempt Adam. That story was inserted into the oral tradition by Marduk (the god of the Old Testament) around 2000 B.C.
The ‘Eves’ could intuitively see the prison in which they had been placed and wanted out. The ‘Adams’ had to be shown.
It was supposed to impress upon man that the matriarchal system didn’t work and was the fundamental cause of man’s downfall. They needed an obedient slave race and weren’t going to get it with the Eves in charge.
The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil was a symbol for the “ENKI School” which was created to teach the ancient knowledge to Adapa and Lilith (Adam and Eve).
... It was also called the Brotherhood of the Snake; the mystery schools.
.... The fruit was symbolic of the knowledge.
Adam and Eve were prototypical mutant humans that represented a new breed custom-tailored for their roles as obedient servant-slaves of the Overlords.
By telling them who and what they were, ENKI had contaminated the genetic line.
ENKI clothed, taught and protected man.
He, therefore, personified humanitarian goodness and enlightenment through his defiance of authority.
....This leads us to the "gods of Egypt" - (special request!)
Moses and Akhenaton were the same person. Akhenaton was an Egyptian Pharaoh and was the father of King Tut (Tutankhamen) - Akhenaton was born to Tiye and Amenhotep III, was saved by the royal midwives in a reed basket, was discovered by distant relatives downstream (Lower Egypt) and reared by Tiye’s sister-in-law Tey of the (Jewish) House of Levi.
Hieroglyphic Accounts
Akhenaton; The heretic king... Moses.
He received his religious education at Heliopolis and married his half-sister Nefertiti which placed him in line for the throne.
• When Amenhotep III died, Amenhotep IV succeeded him and changed his name to Akhenaton (spirit of the Sun).
Because he had been taught by the Jewish one god belief system, he discarded the pleuristic deities of the Egyptians and created his own city (Amarna) away from the temples of Egypt and worshiped as he was taught.
• Because of the powerful priesthood, he was forced to abdicate and in 1361 B.C. was banished from Egypt. He gathered his friends and relatives and fled to the Nile delta on foot, being chased by men on horses that foundered in the marshes.
His supporters, believing him the rightful heir, called him Mosis, meaning ‘heir’
It was a title, not a name. His descendents cemented the succession to the Royal House of Judah.
• Abraham and Amenemhet I were the same person. Amenemhet I was an Egyptian Pharaoh who ruled from 1991 B.C. through 1962 B.C. He seized the throne after assassinating Pharaoh Mentuhotep IV.
Funerary Relief of Abraham/Amenemhet
Explorer Antonio Lubolo discovered his identity in 1818 A.D. after finding his tomb near the Valley of the Kings in Egypt. The documents placed in the tomb clearly referred to Abraham and showed him sitting on the throne.
The tomb of Amenemhet I is currently the only royal tomb to which public access is forbidden. The word Amenemhet means “Amen is the Head.”
• The God of the Jews was known variously as Ra, Amun-Ra, Amun, Amon, Amon-Ra, Omen, Omen-Ra, Amen, Amen-Ra and others.
He was also the same being as Marduk, the first son and heir to the “Lord of Earth”, EN.KI.
(See above on Annunaki)
The Jewish people still worship the god of the Old Testament, and references to Amen-Ra were often contained in the original names of their patriarchs, such as Amenemhet, Amenhotep and SiAmun.
• The Ark of the Covenant was designed after a Royal Egyptian Conoptic Chest.
Conoptic Chests usually contained the organs of deceased Pharaohs. See Crystal Skull post for more information. Compare this average Conoptic to the Ark. Just add pallbearer.
The Ark
It was presented to Abraham by the Priest Melchisedek as a gift from Marduk.
It carried and produced Philosophers Stone (a.k.a. white stone, monatomic gold ,ORME, mfkzt, “Bread”, manna, the “food of the gods”, the Golden Fleece, the divine mystery of the Holy Grail), an exotic substance that, when ingested, links consciousness with the One and extends life.
It was given to the Pharaohs to give them god-like powers
Akhenaten (a.k.a. Moses) and the Nazarene used it in the mystery schools (Essenes).
...Moses stole the Ark when he left Egypt, which is why he was pursued by men on horses.
The Jewish elite through the ‘Son’s of Levi’ carried the Ark into battle following the Exodus from Egypt.
Through an attached Osiris Device its energy could be directed by the conscious intent of an adept. It could levitate and defy all known parameters of space and time.
(See coming post on Crystal Skulls on what was inside the Ark. This information is all circling together with a conclusion. Albeit, piecemeal.)
 “To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.” – Revelation 2:17 
• Many other Jewish patriarchs were also Pharaohs. King Solomon has been identified with Pharaoh Siamun (978-959 B.C.).
The word Siamunmeans the “Son of Amun.” He was the last ruler to use the power of the Ark to create mfkzt.
• The word Amen is used in all languages and all religions. The word is repeated over and over in the Old Testament, the holy book of Christians and Jews.
The word is hidden in the word TestAMENt. The word means The Hidden One.
The word Amen is defined in The Holy Bible (King James Version) I Kings 1:36 as “the Lord God of my lord.” Amen is Amen- Ra, the God of the Old Testament.
• Amun-Ra (Marduk) wasn’t a particularly nice guy.
The only obvious reason that the Jewish people have identified themselves with him was because of his Covenant with Abraham. He killed Egyptian children and spread plagues, famine and pestilence. He called himself a jealous God; he was angry, hateful and violent.
• There is an obelisk planted in the middle of Saint Peter’s Square at the Vatican.
An obelisk is a pagan symbol of fertility (phallus) and also a symbol of the god Amun-Ra.
The Vatican’s obelisk came from Egypt.
Vatican.com source and image. The obelisk is from the Temple of Amun; expressed in his fusion with the Sun god, Ra, as Amun-Ra or Amun-Re.
(Amun - Ra obelisk; from Temple of Amun; in middle of Vatican)
What would otherwise appear to be an outrageous display of paganism on the part of the Vatican is actually a symbol of the God of the Old Testament.
• All the major religions came from Sumer (Iraq).
The Sumerian, Babylonian and Egyptian stories of the Old Testament were edited and rewritten to create a history and religion called Judaism.
The New Testament stories created the religion called Christianity, which is the Babylonian religion of Sun worship.
The Trinity of Enki (the father), Adapa(son), and Inanna (virgin mother) were transposed into the Holy Family (Joseph, Jesus and Mary). Islam is an offshoot of Christianity.
Hinduism, Buddhism and Zoroasterism all emerged from the Middle East regions that were under the control of Sumer.
• Inanna figures include Isis, Ishtar, Aphrodite, Venus, Diana, Semiramis, Athena, Minerva, Hera and Juno. The Easter egg comes from the story of Ishtar coming to Earth from the Moon in an egg.
The image of Semiramis (Slave-Queen of Sumeria) is depicted in the Statue of Liberty in New York.
• Enki figures include Osiris, Baal, Molech, Saturn, Nimrod, Janus and Pan.Nimrod (King of Babylon) was the god of the Sun and the ruler of Earth.
He was conceived on Easter and born on Christmas day. Sunday was the day of “Sun” worship.
• Adapa figures include Horus, Christ, Buddha, Krishna, Muhammad, Mithra, Dionysus, Bacchus, Tammuz, Odin, Zoroaster, Indra, Bal, Cadmus, Adonis and Prometheus. Horus was the sun of Osiris or the Sun of a god.
The “all-seeing eye” is the eye of Horus.
• The god-mother-child religions have been used to implant a false history, suppress knowledge and divide and rule the masses.
In 1963 a document (Talmud of Jmmanuel) in the form of scrolls encased in resin, was discovered buried under a flat rock in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea which was reportedly used by Jmmanuel (Jesus of Nazareth).
It was found by Eduard (Billy) Meier of Switzerland, shortly after a Lebanese priest named Isa Rashid discovered the actual burial site.
The document is the authentic writings of Judas Iscariot, a disciple and contemporary of Jmmanuel. Judas was a loyal follower and scribe and should not to be confused with the traitor Juda Ihariot, the son of a Pharisee.
It was written in Old Aramaic and subsequently translated into German and English.
See Jmmanuel Talmud
It is the only known record of the teachings and ministry of Jmmanuel prior to the time of the crucifixion.
This document has sustained considerable scholarly interest and study and has been found to be internally consistent with itself and the historical record.
...Much of the first four books of the New Testament came from it.
• From The Talmud: The creator of Earth humans is also human but vastly greater in consciousness than we. He and his followers traveled among the stars to earth. They bonded with the people of earth to create an improved human.
The Laws of Jmmanuel:
• 1) Act only in self-defense
• 2) Achieve justice by finding it for yourself
• 3) Do not swear an oath to anyone or anything
• 4) Offer your love wherever it is warranted
• 5) Pray to the omnipotence of your spirit
• 6) Do not amass great treasures on Earth for where your treasure is, so too is your heart
• 7) Take care for the next day, for tomorrow will not take care of you by itself
• 8) Judge not falsely, lest you be falsely judged
• 9) Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened unto you
• 10) Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
• “Seek and understand the meaning of my speech lest you be so bold as to call me the son of God, or the son of Creation, or to insult me by calling me the ruler over good and evil.”
• “Insofar as the laws and commandments of Creation and God are followed there is no need for people to bring forth other laws and commandments, for man-made laws always produce murder and evil.”
“There is no higher happiness than wisdom, no better friend than knowledge, and no better savior than the power of the spirit.”
• “As I do these things, so shall you do them, and even greater things shall you do.”
• “In two thousand years my teachings will be taught anew and unfalsified, when people have become reasonable and knowledgeable, and a new age foretells of great upheavals. A few special selected people, the new proclaimers of my teaching, will preach it unfalsified and with great courage.”
• The (Original) Lord’s Prayer:
 “My spirit, you are omnipotent. Your name is holy. Let your kingdom incarnate itself in me. Let your power unfold itself within me, on Earth and in the heavens. Give me today my daily bread, so that I may know gratitude and truth and lead me not into temptation and confusion, but deliver me from error. For yours is the kingdom within me and the power and the knowledge forever." 
Research like this is my passion. If you enjoy the continuous content generating and appreciate the time it takes; throw my family some love - it's also really good for my self esteem also! Thanks for everything! New Posts Nightly!
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THE LEGEND OF TARZAN MA/HD $4.50
LEGO BATMAN: DC SUPER HEROES UNITE MA/HD $6
LEPRECHAUN RETURNS VUDU HD $6
LIGHTHOUSE VUDU HD $8
LIKE A BOSS VUDU HD OR ITUNES 4k $7.50
LINE OF DUTY VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7.50 [NOT MA]
LITTLE WOMEN MA/HD $7.50
THE LODGE MA/HD $9.50
THE LONGEST RIDE UVHD OR ITUNES 4K $4.50
LOVE, SIMON MA/HD $5.50
LOVE THE COOPERS VUDU SD $3
MADAGASCAR COLLECTION MA/HD $20
MERCURY PLAINS VUDU SD $4 [NOT MA]
MIB: INTERNATIONAL MA/HD $9.50
MIDDLE SCHOOL: THE WORST YEARS OF MY LIFE UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
MIDDLE SCHOOL: THE WORST YEARS OF MY LIFE ITUNES $3 [NOT MA]
MIDDLE OF NOWHERE VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
MIDSOMMAR VUDU HD $8 [NOT MA]
MISSION IMPOSSIBLE: FALLOUT VUDU HD $4.50 [NOT MA]
MISS YOU ALREADY VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
MONSTER HIGH: WELCOME TO MONSTER HIGH ITUNES $3
MORTDECAI UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
MOTHERLESS BROOKLYN MA/SD $4.50
MR. HOLMES VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
NOBODY’S FOOL VUDU HD $6 [NOT MA]
NO GOOD DEED MA/HD $4.50
NON-STOP ITUNES $3
OBVIOUS CHILD UVHD $5.50 [NOT MA]
OUIJA UVHD $3
OUIJA ITUNES $3
OUR BRAND IS CRISIS MA/HD $5
OFFICIAL SECRETS VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
OFFICIAL SECRETS ITUNES $4.50 [NOT MA]
OVERCOMER MA/HD $7.50
OVERDRIVE VUDU HD $4 [NOT MA]
OVERDRIVE ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
OVER THE HEDGE MA/HD $6.50
PARASITE MA/HD $6.50
PAVAROTTI VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8.50 [NOT MA]
THE PEANUTS MOVIE iTunes 4K $5.50
PET SEMATARY [2019] ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
THE PHOTOGRAPH MA/HD $9.50
PLAYING WITH FIRE VUDU HD $$6.50
PLAYING WITH FIRE ITUNES $5.50
THE POSSESSION OF HANNAH GRACE MA/HD $8
THE PRODIGY VUDU HD $7.50 [NOT MA]
POWER RANGERS DINO CHARGE HERO VUDU SD $3
POWER RANGERS SUPER MEGAFORCE: SKY STRIKE VUDU SD $3
PRICELESS ITUNES $4
THE PYRAMID MA/HD $5
QUEEN & SLIM MA/HD $9.50
REPLICAS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $6.50 [NOT MA]
RESIDENT EVIL: DAMNATION MA/HD $5.50
RICHARD JEWELL MA/SD $4
ROBIN HOOD VUDU HD OR ITUNES 4K $6.50 [NOT MA]
ROOM VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
ROUGH NIGHT MA/HD $5
THE SECOND BEST EXOTIC MARIGOLD HOTEL MA/HD $6.50
THE SECRET LIFE OF PETS 2 MA/HD $7.50
SELMA VUDU HD $4 [NOT MA]
SERENITY [2019] MA/HD $6
SGT. STUBBY: AN AMERICAN HERO VUDU HD $6 [NOT MA]
SGT. STUBBY: AN AMERICAN HERO iTunes $5 [NOT MA]
SHAUN THE SHEEP MOVIE VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
SHAFT MA/HD $9.50
SHAZAM! MA/HD $9
SHAZAM! & WONDER WOMAN MA/HD $10
THE SKELETON TWINS UVHD $5 [NOT MA]
SLAPSHOT MA/HD $4
SNATCHED ITUNES 4K ⇒ MA $5.50
SOME KIND OF BEAUTIFUL VUDU SD $3.50
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING & FAR FROM HOME MA/HD $9.50
SPIDER-MAN: INTO THE SPIDER-VERSE MA/SD $4
SPLIT MA/HD $4.50
STAR TREK: INTO THE DARKNESS itunes 4k $4.50 [NOT MA]
STAR TREK: BEYOND iTunes 4k $4.50 [NOT MA]
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: BERRY BAKE SHOP MA/HD $4
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: BERRY TALES MA/HD $4
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: CAMPBERRY STORIES MA/HD $4
TERMINATOR: DARK FATE ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
TRANSFORMERS: AGE OF EXTINCTION UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
TRANSFORMERS: AGE OF EXTINCTION ITUNES 4K $4.50 [NOT MA]
TROLLS WORLD TOUR MA/HD $8
TROLLS/TROLLS 2 MA/HD $15
TRUMBO iTunes 5 [MA]
THE TURNING MA/HD $8
TWILIGHT SAGA: BREAKING DAWN 1 iTunes $4
TWILIGHT SAGA: BREAKING DAWN 2 VUDU HD $4
TYLER PERRY’S A MADEA FAMILY FUNERAL VUDU HD OR ITUNES $6 [NOT MA]
TYLER PERRY’S BOO 2! A MADEA HALLOWEEN VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
TYLER PERRY’S HELL HATH NO FURY LIKE A WOMAN SCORNED VUDU SD $3
UNBROKEN UVHD $4
UNBROKEN ITUNES $3.50
UNCLE DREW UVHD OR ITUNES 4K $6.25 [NOT MA]
UNFORGETTABLE MA/HD $5.50
USS INDIANAPOLIS: MEN OF COURAGE VUDU HD $5.00 [NOT MA]
THE VANISHING VUDU HD $7.50
VENOM MA/SD $3
VICE MA/HD $8
VICTORIA & ABDUL MA/HD $5.50
VIVARIUM VUDU HD OR ITUNES $9
WARCRAFT VUDU HD $4.50
WARCRAFT ITUNES 4K $4.50
WAR FOR THE PLANET OF THE APES iTunes 4k → MA 4K $5.50
WAVES VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8
THE WAY BACK MA/SD $4.50
WE SUMMON THE DARKNESS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8.50
WE'RE THE MILLERS MA/HD $5.00
WHAT MEN WANT VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
WHAT MEN WANT ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
WHAT WE DID ON OUR HOLIDAY VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
WHILE WE’RE YOUNG VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
WIDOWS MA/HD $5.50
THE WILD LIFE ITUNES $4
WONDER VUDU HD OR ITUNES $5.50
WONDER PARK ITUNES $6 [NOT MA]
WORLD WAR Z VUDU HD $4.50 [NOT MA]
WRONG TURN 6: LAST RESORT MA/HD $4.50
XXX: RETURN OF XANDER CAGE ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
THE YELLOW BIRDS VUDU HD $6
Z FOR ZACHARIAH VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]

TV SHOWS:

BALLERS: S2 iTunes $5
BALLERS: S3 UVHD $7.50
BALLERS: S3 iTunes $5
BATMAN BEYOND: TV SHOW VUDU HD $30
BIG BANG THEORY COLLECTION VUDU HD $75
BLACKLIST: S2 VUDU HD $8
CHERNOBYL VUDU HD $10
GOT: S1-S8 ITUNES $25
GOT: S1-S8 GP $25
GOT: S8 ITUNES $8
GOT: S8 GP $7
GOTHAM: S1 VUDU HD $8
HANNIBAL: S3 VUDU SD $5 [NOT MA]
THE LAST SHIP: S5 VUDU HD $9.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE VUDU HD $4.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE ITUNES $3.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE GP $2
RICK & MORTY: S1 - S3 VUDU HD $25
SCOOBY DOO: WHERE ARE YOU? VUDU HD $40
SHARP OBJECTS iTunes $6
SHARP OBJECTS GP $4
THE SOPRANOS - COMPLETE SERIES VUDU HD $28
SUPERGIRL: S4 VUDU HD $9.50
TITANS: S2 VUDU HD $12
TRUE BLOOD - COMPLETE SERIES VUDU HD $20
TRUE BLOOD - COMPLETE SERIES GP $12.50
TRUE DETECTIVE: S3 VUDU HD $10
TRUE DETECTIVE: S3 ITUNES $7
THE WALKING DEAD: S9 VUDU HD $10
THE WIRE GP $15
WATCHMEN: S1 VUDU HD $12

101 DALMATIANS MA $7
101 DALMATIANS GP $6
ALADDIN 2019 MA $7
ALADDIN 2019 GP $6
ALADDIN [ANIMATED] 4K UHD/MA $9
ALADDIN [ANIMATED] MA $7
ALADDIN [ANIMATED] GP $6
ALADDIN: THE RETURN OF JAFAR MA $8
ALADDIN: THE RETURN OF JAFAR GP $7
ALADDIN & THE KING OF THIEVES MA $8
ALADDIN & THE KING OF THIEVES GP $7
ALEXANDER AND THE TERRIBLE, HORRIBLE, NO GOOD, VERY BAD DAY MA $7
ALEXANDER AND THE TERRIBLE, HORRIBLE, NO GOOD, VERY BAD DAY GP $6
ANT-MAN 4K UHD/MA $9
ANT-MAN GP $6
AVENGERS 1 GP $5.50
AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON MA $7
AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON GP $6
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR 4K UHD/MA $8
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR MA $7
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR GP $6
AVENGERS: ENDGAME 4K UHD/MA $8
AVENGERS: ENDGAME MA $7
AVENGERS: ENDGAME GP $6
A WRINKLE IN TIME MA $7
A WRINKLE IN TIME GP $6
BAMBI 2 GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [ANIMATED] 4K UHD/MA $12
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [LIVE] MA/DMR $7
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [LIVE] GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST: THE ENCHANTED XMAS GP $7
BIG HERO 6 4K UHD/MA $8.50
BIG HERO 6 MA $7
BIG HERO 6 GP $6
BLACK PANTHER GP $6
BRAVE 4K UHD/MA $9
BRAVE MA $7
BRAVE GP $6
A BUG’S LIFE 4K UHD/MA $12
A BUG’S LIFE GP $7.50
THE CALL OF THE WILD 4K UHD/MA $10
THE CALL OF THE WILD MA/HD $8
THE CALL OF THE WILD GP $7
CAPTAIN AMERICA: WINTER SOLDIER 4K UHD/MA $10
CAPTAIN AMERICA: CIVIL WAR MA $7
CAPTAIN AMERICA: CIVIL WAR GP $6
CAPTAIN MARVEL 4K UHD/MA $8
CAPTAIN MARVEL MA $7
CAPTAIN MARVEL GP $6
CARS 1 4K UHD/MA $8.50
CARS 1 GP $6
CARS 2 4K UHD/MA $8.50
CARS 3 MA $6
CARS 3 GP $5
CHRISTOPHER ROBIN MA $7
CHRISTOPHER ROBIN GP $6
CINDERELLA [LIVE] 4K UHD/MA $8
CINDERELLA [LIVE] GP $6
CINDERELLA 1 [ANIMATED] GP $6
CINDERELLA 2 MA $7
CINDERELLA 3 MA $7
COCO MA $7
COCO GP $6
DISNEYNATURE: BORN IN CHINA MA $7
DR. STRANGE MA $7
DR. STRANGE GP $6
DUMBO [LIVE] 4K UHD/MA $8
DUMBO [LIVE] MA $7
DUMBO [LIVE] GP $6
FINDING DORY 4K UHD/MA $8
FINDING DORY GP $6
FINDING NEMO 4K UHD/MA $8
FINDING NEMO MA $7
FINDING NEMO GP $6
FOX AND THE HOUND 1 MA $7
FOX AND THE HOUND 1 GP $6
FOX AND THE HOUND 2 MA $7
FOX AND THE HOUND 2 GP $6
FROZEN 4K UHD/MA $8
FROZEN GP $6
FROZEN II 4K UHD/MA $12
FROZEN II MA/HD $9
FROZEN II GP $7.50
THE GOOD DINOSAUR 4K UHD/MA $8
THE GOOD DINOSAUR MA $7
THE GOOD DINOSAUR GP $6
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 4K UHD/MA $9
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 MA $7
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 GP $6
GUARDIANS VOL. 2 MA $7
GUARDIANS VOL. 2 GP $6
HERCULES MA $7.50
HERCULES GP $6.50
HOCUS POCUS GP $6
THE INCREDIBLES 2 MA $7
THE INCREDIBLES 2 GP $6
INSIDE OUT 4K UHD/MA $8
INSIDE OUT MA $7
INSIDE OUT GP $6
IRON MAN 1 4K UHD/MA $8
IRON MAN 1 GP $6
IRON MAN 2 GP $6
IRON MAN 3 4K UHD/MA $8
IRON MAN 3 GP $6
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] 4K UHD/MA $9
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] MA $7
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] GP $6
THE JUNGLE BOOK [ANIMATED] MA $7
THE JUNGLE BOOK 2 [ANIMATED] MA $7
THE JUNGLE BOOK 2 [ANIMATED] GP $6
LADY AND THE TRAMP II: SCAMP'S ADVENTURE MA $8
LADY AND THE TRAMP II: SCAMP'S ADVENTURE GP $7
LILO & STITCH 2 MA $7
LILO & STITCH 2 GP $6
LION KING [LIVE] MA $7
LION KING [LIVE] GP $6
LION KING MA $7
LION KING GP $6
LION KING 1.5 MA $7.50
LION KING 1.5 GP $6.50
LION KING 2 MA $7.50
LION KING 2 GP $6.50
THE LITTLE MERMAID MA $8
THE LITTLE MERMAID II: RETURN TO THE SEA GP $7
THE LITTLE MERMAID: ARIEL’S BEGINNING GP $7
THE LONE RANGER MA $7
THE LONE RANGER GP $6
MALEFICENT GP $6
MALEFICENT: MISTRESS OF EVIL MA $7
MALEFICENT: MISTRESS OF EVIL GP $6
MARY POPPINS RETURNS MA $7
MARY POPPINS RETURNS GP $6
MARY POPPINS [1964] GP $6.50
MCFARLAND, USA MA $6
MOANA 4K UHD/MA $8
MOANA GP $6
MONSTERS, INC 4K UHD/MA $12
MONSTERS, INC GP $6
MONSTERS UNIVERSITY MA $7
MONSTERS UNIVERSITY GP $6
MULAN 2 MA $7
MULAN 2 GP $6
THE MUPPET MOVIE [1979] MA $8
THE MUPPET MOVIE [1979] GP $7
MUPPETS MOST WANTED MA $8
MUPPETS MOST WANTED GP $7
THE NUTCRACKER AND THE FOUR REALMS MA $7
THE NUTCRACKER AND THE FOUR REALMS GP $6
OLAF’S FROZEN ADVENTURE MA $7
OLAF’S FROZEN ADVENTURE GP $6
ONWARD 4K UHD/MA $11
ONWARD MA $9
ONWARD GP $7
OZ: THE GREAT AND POWERFUL MA $7
OZ: THE GREAT AND POWERFUL GP $6
PETE’S DRAGON MA $7
PETE’S DRAGON GP $6
PINOCCHIO MA $7
PINOCCHIO GP $6
PIRATES 5 MA $7
PIRATES 5 GP $6
PLANES GP $6
PLANES: FIRE & RESCUE GP $6
POCAHONTAS 1 MA $7
POCAHONTAS 1 GP $6
POCAHONTAS 2 MA $7
POCAHONTAS 2 GP $6
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG 4K UHD/MA $8
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG MA $7
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG GP $6
QUEEN OF KATWE MA $7
QUEEN OF KATWE GP $6
RALPH BREAKS THE INTERNET MA/DMR $6
RALPH BREAKS THE INTERNET GP $5
RATATOUILLE 4K UHD/MA $9
RATATOUILLE MA $7
RATATOUILLE GP $5
ROBIN HOOD [ANIMATED] MA $7
ROBIN HOOD [ANIMATED] GP $6
ROGUE ONE: A STAR WARS STORY MA $6
ROGUE ONE: A STAR WARS STORY GP $5
SANTA CLAUSE TRILOGY MA $17
SANTA CLAUSE TRILOGY GP $14
WD: SHORT FILM COLLECTION MA $7
WD: SHORT FILM COLLECTION GP $6
SLEEPING BEAUTY MA $7
SLEEPING BEAUTY GP $6
SNOW WHITE AND THE SEVEN DWARFS MA $7
SOLO: A STAR WARS STORY GP $6
SPIES IN DISGUISE GP $7.50
SKYWALKER SAGA 4K UHD/MA $75 [9 FILMS]
SKYWALKER SAGA GP $35 [9 FILMS]
STAR WARS: THE FORCE AWAKENS MA $7
STAR WARS: THE LAST JEDI MA $5
STAR WARS: THE LAST JEDI GP $4
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER 4K UHD/MA $9
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER MA/HD $8
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER GP $7
THE SWORD IN THE STONE MA $7
TANGLED MA $7
TANGLED GP $6
THOR 1 GP $5.50
THOR: THE DARK WORLD 4K UHD/MA $9
THOR: THE DARK WORLD GP $5.50
THOR: RAGNAROK GP $5.50
TOMORROWLAND GP $6.50
TOY STORY OF TERROR GP $7
TOY STORY 1-3 4K UHD/MA $25
TOY STORY 1 4K UHD/MA $8
TOY STORY 1 GP $6
TOY STORY 3 GP $6
TOY STORY 4 MA $7
TOY STORY 4 MA $6
UP 4K UHD/MA $9
UP GP $7
WALL-E GP $7
WRECK IT RALPH GP $6
ZOOTOPIA 4K UHD/MA $9
ZOOTOPIA MA/HD $7
ZOOTOPIA GP $6
submitted by vjscorp to DigitalCodeSELL [link] [comments]


2020.07.14 00:22 ICareaboutJimmysCorn Effort Post: Aesthetics and materialism in politics or how to stop treating politics like a sport

Recently, a liberal meme about Trump reached 10k upvotes on this sub. Many comments defended Biden and Democrats generally over Trump, and argued that others should vote for Biden because he is "worse than Trump." But in what sense is that true? I thought I’d take the opportunity to effort post about the differences between aesthetics and materialism in politics and use Biden as an example. Below is how folks who are new to leftist thought can start to think about politics. Think of it as changing the way you look at politics from a sport where you cheer for different superstars to a scientific discovery of what happens behind the fluff, when policy meets human lives. tl;dr at the bottom

Definitions

For this comparison, think of aesthetics as the advertising, posturing, and discourse of politics by politicians, media outlets, or widely followed figures as spectacle. Aesthetics exist to convince or persuade the public about things. This is not only speeches and books but also and especially mass media like MSNBC and Fox News. Materialism looks at the actual conditions of human existence. For this comparison, think of materialism as the actual outcomes of policy whereas aesthetics would be the marketing of those policies to the public. (Yes, theory nerds, materialism looks at who owns production, who economically and socially oppresses and is oppressed, and the role of the state but I’m taking some liberties here for the sake of being introductory and avoiding as much jargon as possible.)

Materialism & Liberal and Conservative Aesthetics in Politics

Using the definitions above, Trump obviously has worse aesthetics. He is consistently accused of saying the quiet part loud. He isn't a politician, so he doesn't know or care about the delicate discourse surrounding issues. He just says things, usually lies, in ways that don't hide his actual goals in the way that liberal aesthetics do (e.g., "we hear you. we are listening" but then do nothing material). The typical liberal move is to discredit Trump’s aesthetics while either agreeing with or slightly disagreeing with core policy in ways that make little material difference. For example, Pelosi performatively ripped his speech as an action of “resistance” widely celebrated by liberals. That is an aesthetic act. Materially, Pelosi worked on and a rallied house liberals to approve an extension of the Patriot Act, Trump’s disastrously pro-corporate USMCA trade agreement locking in high Rx prices, and the biggest military budget in world history, all of which are devastating and oppressive to the working class.
The point here is that liberals and Trump actually agree on most material things: corporations come first, capitalism must be expanded, imperialism must continue, and working Americans both must have no rights and thus cannot fight back and they must be subjected to shitty living conditions to generate money for corporations. Aesthetically, the GOP and DNC are very different. Materially, they are not. It is in both parties' interest to convince you that they are materially different. The conflict garners allegiance which generates huge amounts of money for the political class. Here's a short example on how to not fall for it.

A Material Glance at Biden’s Career





This post is already too long. I don't have time to mention the now famous crime bill, his support for international sanctions (he outflanked Trump from the right on Venezula and supports the capitalist, CIA-backed Guaido), and his war on drugs and love of minimum sentences, and his love of corporations and their donations.

Conclusion

Biden's body count on just 4 issues already reaches into the millions, and the number of lives ruined numbers in the hundreds of millions of lives as a direct result of his imperialist, capitalistic, and racist policies. Using a materialist lens, Biden has killed more people and ruined more lives than Trump. This does not mean you should vote for Trump. But it does mean that you should not pretend that voting for Biden is morally good or that the capitalist DNC and GOP are miles apart politically. Looking through a material lens, Biden is an active participant in crushing the working class, particularly BIPOC, and can never be someone a leftist cheers for.

tl;dr

Biden is a capitalist and has gleefully offered millions of working people as blood sacrifices to capitalism' altar in order to increase wealth and American's imperial project. Supporting him is not morally good.
edit: spelling and language
submitted by ICareaboutJimmysCorn to LateStageCapitalism [link] [comments]


2020.06.27 13:47 smita16 While not directly related to Stadia this may help set our expectations. Wcctech discussed the PC specs of the preview build. Preview ran at 1080p but did not maintain 60fps. More optimization needed.

https://wccftech.com/cyberpunk-2077-preview-ran-at-1080p-with-dlss-2-0-enabled-on-an-rtx-2080ti-powered-pc/
We play in Full HD - a fact that we first have to digest a bit, given the RTX 2080 Ti in the Alienware presentation computer, there should actually be a little more in the pixel density. In addition, DLSS is activated, so the internal render resolution is again less than 1,920 × 1080 pixels. But ray tracing is also active, in our preview version in the form of shadows, ambient occlusion and indirect lighting (Ray Traced Diffuse Illumination). As we have also known since our Gamescom 2018 impressions of the raytracing titles that appeared later, they run much better after the release - whether it is Battlefield 5 , Metro Exodus or Shadow of the Tomb Raider. The already integrated DLSS already makes a very good impression. Even for Full HD, the picture on the huge 65-inch telly looked relatively sharp, despite the fact that the preview version had chromatic aberration and film grain switched on. The graphics menu was not yet integrated in our build.
But at least at one point, the performance has dropped to ~ 30 fps or even just below it, I could see that and noticed it on the controller. In addition, the game is often jerky, especially when driving. The rest of the time it was okay, but in my opinion, it only relatively rarely hit 60 fps or more.
submitted by smita16 to Stadia [link] [comments]


2020.06.26 18:12 vjscorp (Selling) 4K: 1917, BBB, BirdsofPrey, BloodShot,Brahms:TheBoy2, ColumbiaClassics, FordvFerrari, InvisibleMan, Sonic, DISNEY/MARVEL/PIXAR/SW 4K HD GPHD; HD: BadBoysTrilogy, BlackChristmas, Emma., GoodBoys, GretelHansel, AHiddenLife, Lodge, Photograph, Vivarium, Waves, WeSummonDarkness & TV SHOWS!!!!!

I take Venmo, Paypal, ApplePay, GPay, CashApp -- If you use CashApp for the first time if you use my referral then you will get $5 as well https://cash.app/app/NFKKKVV

SNY MOVIE BUFF PASS - $6.50

1917 4K UHD/MA $10
THE ADDAMS FAMILY ITUNES 4K $7 [NOT MA]
ANGEL HAS FALLEN 4K UHD VUDU $8.50 [NOT MA]
ANGRY BIRDS 2 4K UHD/MA $9
ANNA 4K UHD VUDU $8.50 [NOT MA]
APOLLO 13 4K UHD VUDU $8
AQUAMAN 4K UHD/MA $7.50
A QUIET PLACE iTunes 4K $4.50
BAD BOYS FOR LIFE 4K UHD/MA $11
BIRDS OF PREY 4K UHD/MA $11
BLOODSHOT 4K UHD/MA $11
BOMBSHELL 4K UHD VUDU OR ITUNES 4K $12 [NOT MA]
THE BOURNE LEGACY iTunes 4k $4
BRAHMS: THE BOY II ITUNES 4K $7.50 [NOT MA]
BRAVEHEART 4K UHD VUDU $7.50 [NOT MA]
BRAVEHEART ITUNES 4K $7.50 [NOT MA]
CASINO 4K UHD/MA $8.50
BUMBLEBEE iTunes 4k $4.50 [NOT MA]
CHARLIE’S ANGELS 4K UHD/MA $11
COLUMBIA CLASSICS COLLECTION [6 MOVIES] 4K UHD/MA $40
CREED II 4K UHD VUDU $8 [NOT MA]
DADDY'S HOME 2 4K UHD [VUDU] $7 - NOT MA
DADDY’S HOME 2 iTunes 4k $4 - NOT MA
DARK KNIGHT TRILOGY 4K UHD/MA $20
THE DARK TOWER 4K UHD/MA $7.50
DAYS OF THUNDER 4K UHD VUDU OR ITUNES 4K $11
DOCTOR SLEEP 4K UHD/MA $11.50
DOLITTLE 4K UHD/MA $11.50
ENDER’S GAME VUDU UHD $7 [NOT MA]
ENDER’S GAME ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
EXODUS GODS & KINGS ITUNES 4K → MA $5.50
THE EQUALIZER 2 4K UHD/MA $7.50
FIFTY SHADES OF GREY [UNRATED] iTunes 4K $5
FIFTY SHADES DARKER [UNRATED] iTunes 4K $5
FORD V. FERRARI 4K UHD/MA $9.50
GEMINI MAN ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
GODZILLA [1998] 4K UHD/MA $8
GODZILLA 2019 4K UHD/MA $9.50
HALLOWEEN 4K UHD/MA $7.50
HANCOCK 4K UHD/MA $8.50
HOTEL TRANSYLVANIA 3 4K UHD/MA $7.50
HOW TO TRAIN YOUR DRAGON: THE HIDDEN WORLD 4K UHD/MA $8
THE HUNT FOR RED OCTOBER 4K UHD VUDU $8 [NOT MA]
THE HUNT FOR RED OCTOBER ITUNES 4K $7.50 [NOT MA]
THE INVISIBLE MAN 4K UHD/MA $10
IT’S A WONDERFUL LIFE 4K UHD VUDU $8
IT’S A WONDERFUL LIFE ITUNES $6
JUMANJI: THE NEXT LEVEL 4K UHD/MA $12
LAWRENCE OF ARABIA 4K UHD/MA $10
MAN ON A LEDGE 4K UHD [FANDANGO] $8
THE MATRIX 4K UHD/MA $7.50
THE MEG 4K UHD/MA $7.50
MIDWAY 4K UHD VUDU OR ITUNES 4K $10 [NOT MA]
MISSION IMPOSSIBLE: FALLOUT 4K UHD VUDU $7 [NOT MA]
THE MUMMY TRILOGY ITUNES 4K $20
ONCE UPON A TIME IN HOLLYWOOD 4K UHD/MA $8
OVERLORD ITUNES 4K $5 [NOT MA]
PACIFIC RIM 4K UHD/MA $8
PARASITE 4K UHD/MA $8.50
PET SEMATARY [2019] ITUNES 4K $5 [NOT MA]
PET SEMATARY 4K UHD VUDU $7.50 [NOT MA]
RAMBO 4K UHD VUDU $7.50 [NOT MA]
SONIC: THE HEDGEHOG 4K UHD VUDU OR ITUNES $10
STEP BROTHERS 4K UHD/MA $9
STAR TREK TRILOGY ITUNES 4K $15 [NOT MA]
TERMINATOR 2: JUDGEMENT DAY 4K UHD VUDU OR ITUNES $7 [NOT MA]
TERMINATOR: DARK FATE 4K UHD VUDU $9 [NOT MA]
TERMINATOR: DARK FATE ITUNES 4k $6 [NOT MA]
TOMB RAIDER [2018] 4K UHD VUDU $8 [NOT MA]
TOP GUN 4K UHD VUDU OR ITUNES 4K $11
TRANSFORMERS 1-5 4K UHD VUDU $30 [NOT MA]
TRANSFORMERS 1-5 ITUNES 4k $20 [NOT MA]
TRANSFORMERS: AGE OF EXTINCTION [4] iTunes 4k $4.50
TRANSFORMERS: THE LAST KNIGHT [5] iTunes 4K $3
THE WIZARD OF OZ 4K UHD/MA $9
WONDER WOMAN: BLOODLINES 4K UHD/MA $10

101 DALMATIANS MA $7
101 DALMATIANS GP $6
ALADDIN 2019 MA $7
ALADDIN 2019 GP $6
ALADDIN [ANIMATED] 4K UHD/MA $9
ALADDIN [ANIMATED] MA $7
ALADDIN [ANIMATED] GP $6
ALEXANDER AND THE TERRIBLE, HORRIBLE, NO GOOD, VERY BAD DAY MA $7
ALEXANDER AND THE TERRIBLE, HORRIBLE, NO GOOD, VERY BAD DAY GP $6
ANT-MAN 4K UHD/MA $9
ANT-MAN GP $6
AVENGERS 1 4K UHD/MA $9
AVENGERS 1 GP $5.50
AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON 4K UHD/MA $9
AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON MA $7
AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON GP $6
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR 4K UHD/MA $8
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR MA $7
AVENGERS: INFINITY WAR GP $6
AVENGERS: ENDGAME 4K UHD/MA $8
AVENGERS: ENDGAME MA $7
AVENGERS: ENDGAME GP $6
A WRINKLE IN TIME MA $7
A WRINKLE IN TIME GP $6
BAMBI 2 GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [ANIMATED] 4K UHD/MA $12
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [LIVE] MA/DMR $7
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST [LIVE] GP $6
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST: THE ENCHANTED XMAS GP $7
BIG HERO 6 4K UHD/MA $8.50
BIG HERO 6 MA $7
BIG HERO 6 GP $6
BLACK PANTHER GP $6
BRAVE 4K UHD/MA $9
BRAVE MA $7
BRAVE GP $6
A BUG’S LIFE 4K UHD/MA $12
A BUG’S LIFE GP $7.50
THE CALL OF THE WILD 4K UHD/MA $10
THE CALL OF THE WILD MA/HD $8
THE CALL OF THE WILD GP $7
CAPTAIN AMERICA: CIVIL WAR MA $7
CAPTAIN AMERICA: CIVIL WAR GP $6
CAPTAIN MARVEL 4K UHD/MA $8
CAPTAIN MARVEL MA $7
CAPTAIN MARVEL GP $6
CARS 1 4K UHD/MA $8.50
CARS 1 GP $6
CARS 2 4K UHD/MA $8.50
CARS 3 MA $6
CARS 3 GP $5
CHRISTOPHER ROBIN MA $7
CHRISTOPHER ROBIN GP $6
CINDERELLA [LIVE] 4K UHD/MA $8
CINDERELLA [LIVE] GP $6
CINDERELLA 1 [ANIMATED] GP $6
CINDERELLA 2 MA $7
CINDERELLA 3 MA $7
COCO MA $7
COCO GP $6
DISNEYNATURE: BORN IN CHINA MA $7
DR. STRANGE MA $7
DR. STRANGE GP $6
DUMBO [LIVE] 4K UHD/MA $8
DUMBO [LIVE] MA $7
DUMBO [LIVE] GP $6
FINDING DORY 4K UHD/MA $8
FINDING DORY GP $6
FINDING NEMO 4K UHD/MA $8
FINDING NEMO MA $7
FINDING NEMO GP $6
FOX AND THE HOUND 1 MA $7
FOX AND THE HOUND 1 GP $6
FOX AND THE HOUND 2 MA $7
FOX AND THE HOUND 2 GP $6
FROZEN 4K UHD/MA $8
FROZEN GP $6
FROZEN II 4K UHD/MA $12
FROZEN II MA/HD $9
FROZEN II GP $7.50
THE GOOD DINOSAUR 4K UHD/MA $8
THE GOOD DINOSAUR MA $7
THE GOOD DINOSAUR GP $6
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 4K UHD/MA $8
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 MA $7
GUARDIANS VOL. 1 GP $6
GUARDIANS VOL. 2 MA $7
GUARDIANS VOL. 2 GP $6
HOCUS POCUS GP $6
THE INCREDIBLES 2 MA $7
THE INCREDIBLES 2 GP $6
INSIDE OUT 4K UHD/MA $8
INSIDE OUT MA $7
INSIDE OUT GP $6
IRON MAN 1 4K UHD/MA $8
IRON MAN 1 GP $6
IRON MAN 2 4K UHD/MA $8
IRON MAN 2 GP $6
IRON MAN 3 4K UHD/MA $8
IRON MAN 3 GP $6
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] 4K UHD/MA $9
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] MA $7
THE JUNGLE BOOK [LIVE] GP $6
THE JUNGLE BOOK [ANIMATED] MA $7
THE JUNGLE BOOK [ANIMATED] MA $6
THE JUNGLE BOOK 2 [ANIMATED] MA $7
THE JUNGLE BOOK 2 [ANIMATED] GP $6
LILO & STITCH 2 MA $7
LILO & STITCH 2 GP $6
LION KING [LIVE] MA $7
LION KING [LIVE] GP $6
LION KING MA $7
LION KING GP $6
LION KING 1.5 MA $7.50
LION KING 1.5 GP $6.50
LION KING 2 MA $7.50
LION KING 2 GP $6.50
THE LITTLE MERMAID MA $8
THE LITTLE MERMAID II: RETURN TO THE SEA GP $7
THE LITTLE MERMAID: ARIEL’S BEGINNING GP $7
THE LONE RANGER MA $7
THE LONE RANGER GP $6
MALEFICENT GP $6
MALEFICENT: MISTRESS OF EVIL MA $7
MALEFICENT: MISTRESS OF EVIL GP $6
MARY POPPINS RETURNS MA $7
MARY POPPINS RETURNS GP $6
MARY POPPINS [1964] GP $6.50
MCFARLAND, USA MA $6
MOANA 4K UHD/MA $8
MOANA GP $6
MONSTERS, INC 4K UHD/MA $12
MONSTERS, INC GP $6
MONSTERS UNIVERSITY MA $7
MONSTERS UNIVERSITY GP $6
MULAN 2 MA $7
MULAN 2 GP $6
THE MUPPET MOVIE [1979] MA $8
THE MUPPET MOVIE [1979] GP $7
MUPPETS MOST WANTED MA $8
MUPPETS MOST WANTED GP $7
THE NUTCRACKER AND THE FOUR REALMS MA $7
THE NUTCRACKER AND THE FOUR REALMS GP $6
OLAF’S FROZEN ADVENTURE MA $7
OLAF’S FROZEN ADVENTURE GP $6
ONWARD 4K UHD/MA $11
ONWARD MA $9
ONWARD GP $7
OZ: THE GREAT AND POWERFUL MA $7
OZ: THE GREAT AND POWERFUL GP $6
PETE’S DRAGON MA $7
PETE’S DRAGON GP $6
PIRATES 5 MA $7
PIRATES 5 GP $6
PLANES GP $6
PLANES: FIRE & RESCUE GP $6
POCAHONTAS 1 MA $7
POCAHONTAS 1 GP $6
POCAHONTAS 2 MA $7
POCAHONTAS 2 GP $6
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG 4K UHD/MA $8
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG MA $7
THE PRINCESS AND THE FROG GP $6
QUEEN OF KATWE MA $7
QUEEN OF KATWE GP $6
RALPH BREAKS THE INTERNET MA/DMR $6
RALPH BREAKS THE INTERNET GP $5
RATATOUILLE 4K UHD/MA $9
RATATOUILLE MA $7
RATATOUILLE GP $5
ROBIN HOOD [ANIMATED] MA $7
ROBIN HOOD [ANIMATED] GP $6
ROGUE ONE: A STAR WARS STORY MA $6
ROGUE ONE: A STAR WARS STORY GP $5
SANTA CLAUSE TRILOGY MA $17
SANTA CLAUSE TRILOGY GP $14
WD: SHORT FILM COLLECTION MA $7
WD: SHORT FILM COLLECTION GP $6
SLEEPING BEAUTY MA $7
SLEEPING BEAUTY GP $6
SNOW WHITE AND THE SEVEN DWARFS MA $7
SOLO: A STAR WARS STORY GP $6
SPIES IN DISGUISE GP $7.50
SKYWALKER SAGA 4K UHD/MA $75 [9 FILMS]
SKYWALKER SAGA GP $35 [9 FILMS]
STAR WARS: THE FORCE AWAKENS MA $7
STAR WARS: THE LAST JEDI MA $5
STAR WARS: THE LAST JEDI GP $4
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER 4K UHD/MA $9
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER MA/HD $8
STAR WARS: THE RISE OF SKYWALKER GP $7
THE SWORD IN THE STONE MA $7
TANGLED 4K UHD/MA $9
TANGLED MA $7
TANGLED GP $6
THE THREE MUSKETEERS MA $7
THOR 1 GP $5.50
THOR: THE DARK WORLD 4K UHD/MA $9
THOR: THE DARK WORLD GP $5.50
THOR: RAGNAROK GP $5.50
TOMORROWLAND GP $6.50
TOY STORY OF TERROR GP $7
TOY STORY 1-3 4K UHD/MA $25
TOY STORY 1 4K UHD/MA $8
TOY STORY 1 GP $6
TOY STORY 3 GP $6
TOY STORY 4 MA $7
TOY STORY 4 MA $6
UP 4K UHD/MA $9
UP GP $7
WALL-E GP $7
WRECK IT RALPH GP $6
ZOOTOPIA 4K UHD/MA $9
ZOOTOPIA MA/HD $7
ZOOTOPIA GP $6

1917 MA/HD $7.50
THE 5TH WAVE MA/SD $3
12 STRONG MA/HD $4
THE 15:17 TO PARIS MA/UVHD $6.50
A BEAUTIFUL DAY IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD MA/HD $9
ABSOLUTELY FABULOUS: THE MOVIE MA/HD $4.50
ACTION POINT UVHD $5.50 [NOT MA]
ALEX CROSS UVSD & ITUNES $4.50 [FULL CODE]
ALEX & ME MA/HD $5.50
ALLIED UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
ALITA: BATTLE ANGEL MA/HD $7
ALL IS LOST UVSD $3 [NOT MA]
ALMOST CHRISTMAS UVHD $5.00
ALOHA MA/SD $3
ALPHA MA/HD $4.50
ALPHA AND OMEGA 2 VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
AMERICAN GIRL: LEA TO THE RESCUE VUDU $4
AMERICAN GIRL: LEA TO THE RESCUE ITUNES $3.50
AMERICAN RENEGADES VUDU $7
AMERICAN ULTRA VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
ANCHORMAN 2: THE LEGEND CONTINUES UHVD $4.50
ANGRY BIRDS 2 MA/SD $3.50
ANNIHILATION UVHD $4.50
ARCTIC DOGS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7 [NOT MA]
ARGO MA/HD $4.50
ATOMIC BLONDE UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
BAD BOYS TRILOGY MA/HD $18
BAD BOYS FOR LIFE MA/HD $11
A BAD MOM CHRISTMAS ITUNES $5 [NOT MA]
BAD GRANDPA UVHD $4 [NOT MA]
BAD GRANDPA iTunes $3 [NOT MA]
BARBIE & HER SISTERS IN A PUPPY CHASE VUDU $4
BARBIE & HER SISTERS IN A PUPPY CHASE ITUNES $3.50
BARBIE STAR LIGHT ADVENTURE ITUNES $3.50
BARBIE VIDEO GAME HERO VUDU $4
BARBIE VIDEO GAME HERO ITUNES $3.50
THE BIG WEDDING UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
BIRDS OF PREY MA/HD $9.50
THE BIRTH OF A NATION MA/HD $4.50
BLACK CHRISTMAS MA/HD $8.50
BLACK MASS MA/UVHD $5
BLACK NATIVITY MA/HD $3
BLINDED BY THE LIGHT MA/HD $9
BLINDED BY THE LIGHT MA/SD $6
BOOKSMART MA/HD $8.50
THE BOSS: UNRATED UVHD $3.50
THE BOUNCE BACK MA/HD $4.50
THE BOURNE LEGACY UVHD $4
BRIAN BANKS MA/HD $8
BULLET TO THE HEAD MA/UVHD $4.50
BUTTONS A CHRISTMAS TALE VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
BUTTONS A CHRISTMAS TALE ITUNES $5 [NOT MA]
THE BYE BYE MAN [UNRATED] UVHD $5.00
CAKE MA/HD $5.50
CAPTIVE [2015] UVHD $4
CAPTIVE STATE MA/HD $9.50
CATS MA/HD $7.50
CHAIN OF COMMAND VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
CHARLIE’S ANGELS MA/SD $7
CHARLIE’S ANGELS MA/HD $11
CHI-RAQ VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
COLD PURSUIT VUDU HD OR ITUNES 4K $7
COME TO DADDY VUDU HD $7.50 [NOT MA]
COUNTDOWN ITUNES 4k $7.50 [NOT MA]
CRAWL ITUNES 4K $6.50 [NOT MA]
CREED 2 VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
CYMBELINE VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
THE DARK KNIGHT RISES MA/HD $3.50
THE DARKNESS [2016] VUDU HD $4.50
THE DARKNESS [2016] ITUNES $4
THE DARK TOWER MA/HD $4.50
THE DARKEST MINDS MA/HD $6.50
DARK PLACES VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
DARK WATERS MA/HD $8
DEAD AGAIN IN TOMBSTONE VUDU HD $4.50
DEAD AGAIN IN TOMBSTONE iTunes $4
DEEPWATER HORIZON ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
DEVIL’S DUE MA/HD $4
THE DIVERGENT SERIES: INSURGENT UVHD $4 [NOT MA]
THE DIVERGENT SERIES: INSURGENT VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
DOCTOR SLEEP MA/HD $5.50
A DOG’S WAY HOME MA/SD $4
DOLITTLE MA/HD $10
DORA & THE LOST CITY OF GOLD ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
DRACULA [1931] VUDU HD $4.50
DRACULA [1931] ITUNES 4
DRACULA UNTOLD UVHD $3
DRAGGED ACROSS CONCRETE VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7
EMMA. MA/HD $7.50
EVERYBODY KNOWS MA/HD $7.50
THE EQUALIZER 2 MA/SD $3.50
THE EXPENDABLES 3 UVHD $4 [NOT MA]
THE EXPENDABLES 3 ITUNES $3 [NOT MA]
EXPOSED VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
FERDINAND MA/UVHD $6
FIFTY SHADES OF BLACK iTunes $5 [MA]
FIFTY SHADES OF GREY iTunes 4K $4.50
FINAL DESTINATION 5 MA/HD $6
THE FOREST MA/HD $7
THE FORGER UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
THE GAMBLER [2015] ITUNES $4.50 [NOT MA]
THE GALLOWS MA/HD $5.50
THE GALLOWS ACT II VUDU HD $7.50 [NOT MA]
THE GOLDFINCH MA/HD $8
THE GOLDFINCH MA/SD $4.50
GOOD BOYS MA/HD $7
A GOOD DAY TO DIE HARD UVHD $4.50
THE GOOD LIAR MA/SD $4.50
THE GOOD LIAR MA/HD $8
GOOSEBUMPS MA/SD $3
GRETEL & HANSEL VUDU HD $8 [NOT MA]
GRETEL & HANSEL VUDU HD OR SD ??? $4 [NOT MA]
HACKSAW RIDGE UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
THE HATEFUL EIGHT VUDU HD $5.50
HEREDITARY VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7.50 [NOT MA]
A HIDDEN LIFE MA/HD $7.50
HOLMES & WATSON MA/HD $7.50
HOLMES & WATSON MA/SD $4
HOME ALONE 2 MA/HD $5.50
THE HOMESMAN VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
HOT TUB TIME MACHINE 2 ITUNES $3 [NOT MA]
HOUDINI VUDU SD $4 [NOT MA]
HOW THE GRINCH STOLE CHRISTMAS VUDU HD $5
HOW THE GRINCH STOLE CHRISTMAS ITUNES $4.50
HOW TO TALK TO GIRLS AT PARTIES UVHD $6.50
HOW TO TRAIN YOUR DRAGON 2 MA/HD $5
HOW TO TRAIN YOUR DRAGON 3 MA/HD $7
THE HUNGER GAMES: CATCHING FIRE VUDU HD $4 [NOT MA]
THE HUSTLE ITUNES 4K $7
ICE AGE MA/HD $4
INSTANT FAMILY iTunes 4k $5.50
THE INTRUDED MA/HD $7.50
ISN’T IT ROMANTIC MA/HD $7.50
I STILL BELIEVE VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8.50
I, TONYA MA/HD $6
IT'S A VERY MERRY MUPPET CHRISTMAS VUDU HD $6
IT'S A VERY MERRY MUPPET CHRISTMAS iTunes $5
ITSY BITSY VUDU HD $8
JACK RYAN: SHADOW RECRUIT UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
JUMANJI: THE NEXT LEVEL MA/HD $5.50
JUST MERCY MA/HD $7
JUST MERCY MA/SD $3.50
JUSTICE LEAGUE DARK: APOKOLIPS WAR MA/HD $9.50
THE KID WHO WOULD BE KING MA/HD $7
THE KILL TEAM VUDU HD $8.50
THE KITCHEN MA/SD $6
KNOCK KNOCK VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
THE LAST FULL MEASURE VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7
THE LAST WITCH HUNTER VUDU SD $3
THE LEGEND OF TARZAN MA/HD $4.50
LEGO BATMAN: DC SUPER HEROES UNITE MA/HD $6
LEPRECHAUN RETURNS VUDU HD $6
LIGHTHOUSE VUDU HD $8
LINE OF DUTY VUDU HD OR ITUNES $7.50 [NOT MA]
LITTLE WOMEN MA/HD $7.50
THE LODGE MA/HD $9.50
THE LONGEST RIDE UVHD OR ITUNES 4K $4.50
LOVE, SIMON MA/HD $5.50
LOVE THE COOPERS VUDU SD $3
MERCURY PLAINS VUDU SD $4 [NOT MA]
MIB: INTERNATIONAL MA/HD $9.50
MIDDLE SCHOOL: THE WORST YEARS OF MY LIFE UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
MIDDLE SCHOOL: THE WORST YEARS OF MY LIFE ITUNES $3 [NOT MA]
MIDDLE OF NOWHERE VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
MIDSOMMAR VUDU HD $8 [NOT MA]
MISSION IMPOSSIBLE: FALLOUT VUDU HD $4.50 [NOT MA]
MISS YOU ALREADY VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
MONSTER HIGH: WELCOME TO MONSTER HIGH ITUNES $3
MORTDECAI UVHD $4.50 [NOT MA]
MOTHERLESS BROOKLYN MA/SD $4.50
MR. HOLMES VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
NOBODY’S FOOL VUDU HD $6 [NOT MA]
NO GOOD DEED MA/HD $4.50
NON-STOP ITUNES $3
OBVIOUS CHILD UVHD $5.50 [NOT MA]
OUIJA UVHD $3
OUIJA ITUNES $3
OUR BRAND IS CRISIS MA/HD $5
OFFICIAL SECRETS VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
OFFICIAL SECRETS ITUNES $4.50 [NOT MA]
OVERCOMER MA/HD $7.50
OVERDRIVE VUDU HD $4 [NOT MA]
OVERDRIVE ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
OVER THE HEDGE MA/HD $6.50
PARASITE MA/HD $6.50
PAVAROTTI VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8.50 [NOT MA]
THE PEANUTS MOVIE iTunes 4K $5.50
PET SEMATARY [2019] ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
THE PHOTOGRAPH MA/HD $9.50
THE POSSESSION OF HANNAH GRACE MA/HD $8
THE PRODIGY VUDU HD $7.50 [NOT MA]
POWER RANGERS DINO CHARGE HERO VUDU SD $3
POWER RANGERS SUPER MEGAFORCE: SKY STRIKE VUDU SD $3
PRICELESS ITUNES $4
THE PYRAMID MA/HD $5
QUEEN & SLIM MA/HD $9.50
REPLICAS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $6.50 [NOT MA]
RESIDENT EVIL: DAMNATION MA/HD $5.50
RICHARD JEWELL MA/SD $4
RICHARD JEWELL MA/HD #6.50
ROBIN HOOD VUDU HD OR ITUNES 4K $6.50 [NOT MA]
ROOM VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
ROUGH NIGHT MA/HD $5
THE SECOND BEST EXOTIC MARIGOLD HOTEL MA/HD $6.50
THE SECRET LIFE OF PETS 2 MA/HD $7.50
SELMA VUDU HD $4 [NOT MA]
SERENITY [2019] MA/HD $6
SGT. STUBBY: AN AMERICAN HERO VUDU HD $6 [NOT MA]
SGT. STUBBY: AN AMERICAN HERO iTunes $5 [NOT MA]
SHAUN THE SHEEP MOVIE VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
SHAFT MA/HD $9.50
SHAZAM! MA/HD $9
SHAZAM! & WONDER WOMAN MA/HD $10
THE SKELETON TWINS UVHD $5 [NOT MA]
SLAPSHOT MA/HD $4
SNATCHED ITUNES 4K ⇒ MA $5.50
SOME KIND OF BEAUTIFUL VUDU SD $3.50
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING & FAR FROM HOME MA/HD $9.50
SPIDER-MAN: INTO THE SPIDER-VERSE MA/SD $4
SPLIT MA/HD $4.50
STAR TREK: INTO THE DARKNESS itunes 4k $4.50 [NOT MA]
STAR TREK: BEYOND iTunes 4k $4.50 [NOT MA]
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: BERRY BAKE SHOP MA/HD $4
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: BERRY TALES MA/HD $4
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE: CAMPBERRY STORIES MA/HD $4
STUBER MA/HD $7.50
TERMINATOR: DARK FATE ITUNES 4K $6 [NOT MA]
TRAINWRECK ITUNES $4 [MA]
TRANSFORMERS: AGE OF EXTINCTION UVHD $3.50 [NOT MA]
TRANSFORMERS: AGE OF EXTINCTION ITUNES 4K $4.50 [NOT MA]
TRUMBO iTunes 5 [MA]
THE TURNING MA/HD $8
TWILIGHT SAGA: BREAKING DAWN 1 iTunes $4
TWILIGHT SAGA: BREAKING DAWN 2 VUDU HD $4
TYLER PERRY’S A MADEA FAMILY FUNERAL VUDU HD OR ITUNES $6 [NOT MA]
TYLER PERRY’S BOO 2! A MADEA HALLOWEEN VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
TYLER PERRY’S HELL HATH NO FURY LIKE A WOMAN SCORNED VUDU SD $3
UNBROKEN UVHD $4
UNBROKEN ITUNES $3.50
UNCLE DREW UVHD OR ITUNES 4K $6.25 [NOT MA]
UNFORGETTABLE MA/HD $5.50
USS INDIANAPOLIS: MEN OF COURAGE VUDU HD $5.00 [NOT MA]
THE VANISHING VUDU HD $7.50
VENOM MA/SD $3
VICE MA/HD $8
VICTORIA & ABDUL MA/HD $5.50
VIVARIUM VUDU HD OR ITUNES $9
WARCRAFT VUDU HD $4.50
WARCRAFT ITUNES 4K $4.50
WAR FOR THE PLANET OF THE APES iTunes 4k → MA 4K $5.50
WAVES VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8
THE WAY BACK MA/SD $4.50
WE SUMMON THE DARKNESS VUDU HD OR ITUNES $8.50
WE'RE THE MILLERS MA/HD $5.00
WHAT MEN WANT VUDU HD $5.50 [NOT MA]
WHAT MEN WANT ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
WHAT WE DID ON OUR HOLIDAY VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]
WHILE WE’RE YOUNG VUDU SD $3 [NOT MA]
WIDOWS MA/HD $5.50
THE WILD LIFE ITUNES $4
WONDER VUDU HD OR ITUNES $5.50
WONDER PARK ITUNES $6 [NOT MA]
WORLD WAR Z VUDU HD $4.50 [NOT MA]
WRONG TURN 6: LAST RESORT MA/HD $4.50
XXX: RETURN OF XANDER CAGE ITUNES 4K $4 [NOT MA]
THE YELLOW BIRDS VUDU HD $6
Z FOR ZACHARIAH VUDU SD $3.50 [NOT MA]

TV SHOWS:
ARROW: S7 VUDU HD $10
BALLERS: S2 iTunes $5
BALLERS: S3 UVHD $7.50
BALLERS: S3 iTunes $5
BATMAN BEYOND: TV SHOW VUDU HD $30
BLACKLIST: S2 VUDU HD $8
BOARDWALK EMPIRE - COMPLETE SERIES ITUNES $20
BOARDWALK EMPIRE - COMPLETE SERIES GP $15
CHERNOBYL VUDU HD $10
GOT: S1-S8 ITUNES $30
GOT: S1-S8 GP $25
GOT: S8 VUDU $10
GOT: S8 ITUNES $9
GOT: S8 GP $7
GOTHAM: S1 VUDU HD $8
HANNIBAL: S3 VUDU SD $5 [NOT MA]
THE LAST SHIP: S5 VUDU HD $9.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE VUDU HD $4.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE ITUNES $3.50
MY DINNER WITH HERVE GP $2
RICK & MORTY: S1 - S3 VUDU HD $25
SCOOBY DOO: WHERE ARE YOU? VUDU HD $40
SHARP OBJECTS iTunes $6
SHARP OBJECTS GP $4
THE SOPRANOS - COMPLETE SERIES VUDU HD $28
SUPERGIRL: S4 VUDU HD $9.50
TITANS: S2 VUDU HD $12
TRUE BLOOD - COMPLETE SERIES VUDU HD $20
TRUE BLOOD - COMPLETE SERIES GP $12.50
TRUE DETECTIVE: S3 VUDU HD $10
TRUE DETECTIVE: S3 ITUNES $7
THE WALKING DEAD: S9 VUDU HD $10
THE WIRE VUDU HD $25
THE WIRE ITUNES $20
THE WIRE GP $15
WATCHMEN: S1 VUDU HD $12
submitted by vjscorp to DigitalCodeSELL [link] [comments]


2020.06.26 15:09 freedomforg Big bomb go boom boom but its nyc 4/5

On the morning of 9 August 1945, a second B-29 (Bockscar), piloted by the 393d Bombardment Squadron's commander, Major Charles W. Sweeney, lifted off with Fat Man on board. This time, Ashworth served as weaponeer and Kokura was the primary target. Sweeney took off with the weapon already armed but with the electrical safety plugs still engaged. When they reached Kokura, they found cloud cover had obscured the city, prohibiting the visual attack required by orders. After three runs over the city, and with fuel running low, they headed for the secondary target, Nagasaki. Ashworth decided that a radar approach would be used if the target was obscured, but a last-minute break in the clouds over Nagasaki allowed a visual approach as ordered. The Fat Man was dropped over the city's industrial valley midway between the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works in the south and the Mitsubishi-Urakami Ordnance Works in the north. The resulting explosion had a blast yield equivalent to 21 kilotons of TNT, roughly the same as the Trinity blast, but was confined to the Urakami Valley, and a major portion of the city was protected by the intervening hills, resulting in the destruction of about 44% of the city. The bombing also crippled the city's industrial production extensively and killed 23,200–28,200 Japanese industrial workers and 150 Japanese soldiers.[298] Overall, an estimated 35,000–40,000 people were killed and 60,000 injured.[299][300]
Groves expected to have another atomic bomb ready for use on 19 August, with three more in September and a further three in October.[301] Two more Fat Man assemblies were readied, and scheduled to leave Kirtland Field for Tinian on 11 and 14 August.[300] At Los Alamos, technicians worked 24 hours straight to cast another plutonium core.[302] Although cast, it still needed to be pressed and coated, which would take until 16 August.[303] It could therefore have been ready for use on 19 August. On 10 August, Truman secretly requested that additional atomic bombs not be dropped on Japan without his express authority.[304] Groves suspended the third core's shipment on his own authority on 13 August.[304]
On 11 August, Groves phoned Warren with orders to organize a survey team to report on the damage and radioactivity at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A party equipped with portable Geiger counters arrived in Hiroshima on 8 September headed by Farrell and Warren, with Japanese Rear Admiral Masao Tsuzuki, who acted as a translator. They remained in Hiroshima until 14 September and then surveyed Nagasaki from 19 September to 8 October.[305] This and other scientific missions to Japan would provide valuable scientific and historical data.[306]
The necessity of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki became a subject of controversy among historians. Some questioned whether an "atomic diplomacy" would not have attained the same goals and disputed whether the bombings or the Soviet declaration of war) on Japan was decisive.[301] The Franck Report was the most notable effort pushing for a demonstration but was turned down by the Interim Committee's scientific panel.[307] The Szilárd petition, drafted in July 1945 and signed by dozens of scientists working on the Manhattan Project, was a late attempt at warning President Harry S. Truman about his responsibility in using such weapons.[308][309]

After the war

📷Presentation of the Army–Navy "E" Award at Los Alamos on 16 October 1945. Standing, left to right: J. Robert Oppenheimer, unidentified, unidentified, Kenneth Nichols, Leslie Groves, Robert Gordon Sproul, William Sterling Parsons.
Seeing the work they had not understood produce the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs amazed the workers of the Manhattan Project as much as the rest of the world; newspapers in Oak Ridge announcing the Hiroshima bomb sold for $1 ($11 today).[246][256] Although the bombs' existence was public, secrecy continued, and many workers remained ignorant of their jobs; one stated in 1946, "I don't know what the hell I'm doing besides looking into a ——— and turning a ——— alongside a ———. I don't know anything about it, and there's nothing to say". Many residents continued to avoid discussion of "the stuff" in ordinary conversation despite it being the reason for their town's existence.[249]
In anticipation of the bombings, Groves had Henry DeWolf Smyth prepare a history for public consumption. Atomic Energy for Military Purposes, better known as the "Smyth Report", was released to the public on 12 August 1945.[310] Groves and Nichols presented Army–Navy "E" Awards to key contractors, whose involvement had hitherto been secret. Over 20 awards of the Presidential Medal for Merit were made to key contractors and scientists, including Bush and Oppenheimer. Military personnel received the Legion of Merit, including the commander of the Women's Army Corps detachment, Captain Arlene G. Scheidenhelm.[311]
At Hanford, plutonium production fell off as Reactors B, D and F wore out, poisoned by fission products and swelling of the graphite moderator known as the Wigner effect. The swelling damaged the charging tubes where the uranium was irradiated to produce plutonium, rendering them unusable. In order to maintain the supply of polonium for the urchin initiators, production was curtailed and the oldest unit, B pile, was closed down so at least one reactor would be available in the future. Research continued, with DuPont and the Metallurgical Laboratory developing a redox solvent extraction process as an alternative plutonium extraction technique to the bismuth phosphate process, which left unspent uranium in a state from which it could not easily be recovered.[312]
Bomb engineering was carried out by the Z Division, named for its director, Dr. Jerrold R. Zacharias from Los Alamos.[313] Z Division was initially located at Wendover Field but moved to Oxnard Field, New Mexico, in September 1945 to be closer to Los Alamos. This marked the beginning of Sandia Base. Nearby Kirtland Field was used as a B-29 base for aircraft compatibility and drop tests.[314] By October, all the staff and facilities at Wendover had been transferred to Sandia.[315] As reservist officers were demobilized, they were replaced by about fifty hand-picked regular officers.[316]
Nichols recommended that S-50 and the Alpha tracks at Y-12 be closed down. This was done in September.[317] Although performing better than ever,[318] the Alpha tracks could not compete with K-25 and the new K-27, which had commenced operation in January 1946. In December, the Y-12 plant was closed, thereby cutting the Tennessee Eastman payroll from 8,600 to 1,500 and saving $2 million a month.[319]
📷President Harry S. Truman signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, establishing the United States Atomic Energy Commission.
Nowhere was demobilization more of a problem than at Los Alamos, where there was an exodus of talent. Much remained to be done. The bombs used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were like laboratory pieces; work would be required to make them simpler, safer and more reliable. Implosion methods needed to be developed for uranium in place of the wasteful gun method, and composite uranium-plutonium cores were needed now that plutonium was in short supply because of the problems with the reactors. However, uncertainty about the future of the laboratory made it hard to induce people to stay. Oppenheimer returned to his job at the University of California and Groves appointed Norris Bradbury as an interim replacement. In fact, Bradbury would remain in the post for the next 25 years.[315] Groves attempted to combat the dissatisfaction caused by the lack of amenities with a construction program that included an improved water supply, three hundred houses, and recreation facilities.[312]
Two Fat Man–type detonations were conducted at Bikini Atoll in July 1946 as part of Operation Crossroads to investigate the effect of nuclear weapons on warships.[320] Able was detonated on 1 July 1946. The more spectacular Baker was detonated underwater on 25 July 1946.[321]
After the bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, a number of Manhattan Project physicists founded the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, which began as an emergency action undertaken by scientists who saw urgent need for an immediate educational program about atomic weapons.[322] In the face of the destructiveness of the new weapons and in anticipation of the nuclear arms race several project members including Bohr, Bush and Conant expressed the view that it was necessary to reach agreement on international control of nuclear research and atomic weapons. The Baruch Plan, unveiled in a speech to the newly formed United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) in June 1946, proposed the establishment of an international atomic development authority, but was not adopted.[323]
Following a domestic debate over the permanent management of the nuclear program, the United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was created by the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 to take over the functions and assets of the Manhattan Project. It established civilian control over atomic development, and separated the development, production and control of atomic weapons from the military. Military aspects were taken over by the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project (AFSWP).[324] Although the Manhattan Project ceased to exist on 31 December 1946, the Manhattan District was not abolished until 15 August 1947.[325]

Cost

Manhattan Project costs through 31 December 1945[326]SiteCost (1945 USD)Cost (2019 USD)% of totalOak Ridge$1.19 billion$13.4 billion62.9%Hanford$390 million$4.4 billion20.6%Special operating materials$103 million$1.17 billion5.5%Los Alamos$74.1 million$835 million3.9%Research and development$69.7 million$786 million3.7%Government overhead$37.3 million$420 million2.0%Heavy water plants$26.8 million$302 million1.4%Total$1.89 billion$21.3 billion
The project expenditure through 1 October 1945 was $1.845 billion, equivalent to less than nine days of wartime spending, and was $2.191 billion when the AEC assumed control on 1 January 1947. Total allocation was $2.4 billion. Over 90% of the cost was for building plants and producing the fissionable materials, and less than 10% for development and production of the weapons.[327][328]
A total of four weapons (the Trinity gadget, Little Boy, Fat Man, and an unused Fat Man bomb) were produced by the end of 1945, making the average cost per bomb around $500 million in 1945 dollars. By comparison, the project's total cost by the end of 1945 was about 90% of the total spent on the production of US small arms (not including ammunition) and 34% of the total spent on US tanks during the same period.[326] Overall, it was the second most expensive weapons project undertaken by the United States in World War II, behind only the design and production of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress.[329]

Legacy

See also: Nuclear weapons in popular culture
The political and cultural impacts of the development of nuclear weapons were profound and far-reaching. William Laurence of The New York Times, the first to use the phrase "Atomic Age",[330] became the official correspondent for the Manhattan Project in spring 1945. In 1943 and 1944 he unsuccessfully attempted to persuade the Office of Censorship to permit writing about the explosive potential of uranium, and government officials felt that he had earned the right to report on the biggest secret of the war. Laurence witnessed both the Trinity test[331] and the bombing of Nagasaki and wrote the official press releases prepared for them. He went on to write a series of articles extolling the virtues of the new weapon. His reporting before and after the bombings helped to spur public awareness of the potential of nuclear technology and motivated its development in the United States and the Soviet Union.[332]
📷The Lake Ontario Ordnance Works (LOOW) near Niagara Falls became a principal repository for Manhattan Project waste for the Eastern United States.[333] All of the radioactive materials stored at the LOOW site—including thorium, uranium, and the world's largest concentration of radium-226—were buried in an "Interim Waste Containment Structure" (in the foreground) in 1991.[334][335][336]
The wartime Manhattan Project left a legacy in the form of the network of national laboratories: the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, and Ames Laboratory. Two more were established by Groves soon after the war, the Brookhaven National Laboratory at Upton, New York, and the Sandia National Laboratories at Albuquerque, New Mexico. Groves allocated $72 million to them for research activities in fiscal year 1946–1947.[337] They would be in the vanguard of the kind of large-scale research that Alvin Weinberg, the director of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, would call Big Science.[338]
The Naval Research Laboratory had long been interested in the prospect of using nuclear power for warship propulsion, and sought to create its own nuclear project. In May 1946, Nimitz, now Chief of Naval Operations, decided that the Navy should instead work with the Manhattan Project. A group of naval officers were assigned to Oak Ridge, the most senior of whom was Captain Hyman G. Rickover, who became assistant director there. They immersed themselves in the study of nuclear energy, laying the foundations for a nuclear-powered navy.[339] A similar group of Air Force personnel arrived at Oak Ridge in September 1946 with the aim of developing nuclear aircraft.[340] Their Nuclear Energy for the Propulsion of Aircraft (NEPA) project ran into formidable technical difficulties, and was ultimately cancelled.[341]
The ability of the new reactors to create radioactive isotopes in previously unheard-of quantities sparked a revolution in nuclear medicine in the immediate postwar years. Starting in mid-1946, Oak Ridge began distributing radioisotopes to hospitals and universities. Most of the orders were for iodine-131 and phosphorus-32, which were used in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. In addition to medicine, isotopes were also used in biological, industrial and agricultural research.[342]
On handing over control to the Atomic Energy Commission, Groves bid farewell to the people who had worked on the Manhattan Project:
Five years ago, the idea of Atomic Power was only a dream. You have made that dream a reality. You have seized upon the most nebulous of ideas and translated them into actualities. You have built cities where none were known before. You have constructed industrial plants of a magnitude and to a precision heretofore deemed impossible. You built the weapon which ended the War and thereby saved countless American lives. With regard to peacetime applications, you have raised the curtain on vistas of a new world.[343]
In 2014, the United States Congress passed a law providing for a national park dedicated to the history of the Manhattan Project.[344] The Manhattan Project National Historical Park was established on 10 November 2015.[345]

Notes

Footnotes
  1. ^ The reaction Teller was most concerned with was: 14 7N + 14 7N → 24 12Mg + 4 2He (alpha particle) + 17.7 MeV.[32]
  2. ^ In Bethe's account, the possibility of this ultimate catastrophe came up again in 1975 when it appeared in a magazine article by H.C. Dudley, who got the idea from a report by Pearl Buck of an interview she had with Arthur Compton in 1959. The worry was not entirely extinguished in some people's minds until the Trinity test.[35]
  3. ^ Natural self-sustaining nuclear reactions have occurred in the distant past.[105]
  4. ^ The allusion here is to the Italian navigator Christopher Columbus, who reached the Caribbean in 1492.
Citations
  1. ^ Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2019). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 6 April 2019. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.
  2. ^ Jones 1985, p. 12.
  3. ^ Hewlett & Anderson 1962, pp. 16–20.
  4. ^ "Fermi at Columbia Department of Physics". physics.columbia.edu. Archived from the original on 21 June 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  5. ^ Rhodes 1986, pp. 337–338.
  6. ^ The University of California was founded on 23 March 1868, and operated in Oakland before moving to its campus in Berkeley in 1873."A brief history of the University of California". University of California. Retrieved 16 April 2018."UC 150th Anniversary Timeline". University of California. Retrieved 16 April 2018. In March 1951, the University of California began to reorganize itself into something distinct from its campus at Berkeley."Past Chancellors Office of the Chancellor". chancellor.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b Hewlett & Anderson 1962, pp. 40–41.
  8. ^ "Executive Order 8807 Establishing the Office of Scientific Research and Development". 28 June 1941. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  9. ^ Jones 1985, p. 33.
  10. ^ Rhodes 1986, pp. 322–325.
  11. ^ Jump up to:a b Hewlett & Anderson 1962, p. 42.
  12. ^ Hewlett & Anderson 1962, pp. 39–40.
  13. ^ Phelps 2010, pp. 126–128.
  14. ^ Phelps 2010, pp. 282–283.
  15. ^ Rhodes 1986, pp. 372–374.
  16. ^ Hewlett & Anderson 1962, pp. 43–44.
  17. ^ Jones 1985, pp. 30–32.
  18. ^ Jones 1985, p. 35.
  19. ^ Williams 1960, pp. 3–4.
  20. ^ Jump up to:a b c Jones 1985, pp. 37–39.
  21. ^ Nichols 1987, pp. 32.
  22. ^ Jones 1985, pp. 35–36.
  23. ^ Rhodes 1986, p. 416.
  24. ^ Hewlett & Anderson 1962, p. 103.
  25. ^ Hoddeson et al. 1993, pp. 42–44
  26. ^ Hewlett & Anderson 1962, pp. 33–35, 183.
  27. ^ Groves 1962, p. 41.
  28. ^ Serber & Rhodes 1992, p. 21.
  29. ^ Hoddeson et al. 1993, pp. 54–56
  30. ^ Rhodes 1986, p. 417.
  31. ^ Hoddeson et al. 1993, pp. 44–45
  32. ^ Bethe 1991, p. 30.
  33. ^ Rhodes 1986, p. 419.
  34. ^ Konopinski, E. J; Marvin, C.; Teller, Edward (1946). "Ignition of the Atmosphere with Nuclear Bombs"(PDF). Los Alamos National Laboratory. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
  35. ^ Bethe 1991, pp. xi, 30.
  36. ^ Broad, William J. (30 October 2007). "Why They Called It the Manhattan Project". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
  37. ^ Jump up to:a b Jones 1985, pp. 41–44.
  38. ^ Fine & Remington 1972, p. 652.
  39. ^ Nichols 1987, p. 174.
  40. ^ Groves 1962, p. 40.
  41. ^ Hewlett & Anderson 1962, pp. 76–78.
  42. ^ Fine & Remington 1972, p. 654.
  43. ^ Jones 1985, pp. 57–61.
  44. ^ Jump up to:a b Fine & Remington 1972, p. 657.
  45. ^ "Science:Atomic Footprint". Time). 17 September 1945. Retrieved 16 March2011.
  46. ^ Hewlett & Anderson 1962, p. 81.
  47. ^ Jump up to:a b Jones 1985, pp. 74–77.
  48. ^ Groves 1962, pp. 4–5.
  49. ^ Fine & Remington 1972, pp. 659–661.
  50. ^ Groves 1962, pp. 27–28.
  51. ^ Groves 1962, pp. 44–45.
  52. ^ Groves 1962, pp. 22–23.
  53. ^ Jones 1985, pp. 80–82.
  54. ^ Jump up to:a b Ermenc 1989, p. 238.
  55. ^ Groves 1962, pp. 61–63.
  56. ^ Nichols 1987, pp. 72–73.
  57. ^ Bernstein 1976, pp. 206–207.
  58. ^ Jump up to:a b Villa 1981, pp. 144–145
  59. ^ Bernstein 1976, pp. 206–208.
  60. ^ Bernstein 1976, p. 208.
  61. ^ Jump up to:a b Stacey 1970, p. 517
  62. ^ Bernstein 1976, p. 211.
  63. ^ Bernstein 1976, pp. 209–212.
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2020.06.21 05:15 LUCKIN_INVESTOR Luckin Coffee to Hold Special Meeting to Oust Chairman, Directors

https://www.wsj.com/articles/luckin-coffee-to-hold-special-meeting-to-oust-chairman-directors-11592593211
Luckin Coffee Inc. LK -2.27%▲ said it would hold an extraordinary general meeting July 5 to vote out several directors, including Chairman Charles Lu, as the company deals with the aftermath of its admission that it faked sales figures. Shareholders will decide on resolutions to purge Mr. Lu and directors Sean Shao, David Li and Erhai Liu, the company said. Luckin has touted itself as China’s largest coffee chain by stores. It opened stores faster than Starbucks Corp., doubling its valuation to $12 billion eight months after going public. But it admitted to faking sales numbers on April 2, sending its stock plunging 75% overnight. The company sold vouchers redeemable for tens of millions of cups of coffee to companies that had ties to Mr. Lu, who is also Luckin’s controlling shareholder, The Wall Street Journal reported last month. After Luckin admitted to fabricating numbers, investigators have delved into its books, executives have lost jobs and a stock exchange has moved to delist the company. The company didn’t specify the reason behind the proposed ouster. Luckin has seen an exodus of executives and directors since April. If the resolutions are passed by shareholders, the company will have a completely different board of directors from before the accounting misconduct emerged. The company will also nominate as independent directors to its board Ying Zeng, a partner at the international-law firm Orrick Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP, and Jie Yang, the vice dean of the China University of Political Science and Law’s business school, Mr. Lu said. Mr. Shao, who joined the board as an independent director in May 2019, is on Luckin’s audit committee and has served on such teams at other companies. Mr. Li has been a Luckin director since June 2018 and is the founder and chief executive of Centurium Capital. Mr. Liu has been a director since November 2018 and is the founding and managing partner of Joy Capital. The company earlier Friday said Tianruo Pu, a director who had been tapped to help oversee an internal investigation, has resigned after serving for less than three months due to personal reasons.
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2020.06.17 07:48 TheLaserSonic Build 2 year anniversary upcoming; what's next for it?

As the title says, the PC I built in Late 2018 is coming up to its two year anniversary, and so far has worked pretty well for me. However, I'm sure with newer games coming out all the time, especially as we are on the cusp of a new console generation, that I will need to upgrade at some point. But as I am still a noob to PC components, I came here to ask for help.
For reference, here is my build:
Component Chosen Component
CPU AMD Ryzen 5 2600 Processor (Socket AM4)
Motherboard Asus - PRIME B450-PLUS ATX
GPU ASUS STRIX AMD Radeon RX 570 4GB
RAM G.SKILL TridentZ RGB Series 16GB (2 x 8GB) DDR4 (3000 Hz)
Power Supply EVGA SuperNOVA 80+ GOLD 750W Fully Modular PSU
Storage 860 Evo 1 TB 2.5" Solid State Drive (+ 1x TB, 2x 320 GB HDDs)
While I do use my PC primarily for gaming, I'm not really a 'current gen' gamer, nor do I play online. I mostly play older JRPGs that I snag when they're discounted well, so I'm not exactly on the cutting edge. As well, my monitor is 2560x1440p, with 60 Hz refresh rate, so spending big to get fps over that isn't worth it. The only place I've found my GPU struggles so far is with Citra.
I also use my PC for other stuff sometimes, such as Virtual Machines, 3d modelling and Video Editing/Rendering (which I hope to get into more).
A couple of thoughts I've personally had about what parts to buy:
So yeah, I'm not so much looking for any specific recommendations for parts just yet (except for a HDD and maybe RAM), just a general idea of what I should be researching and keeping an eye out to change. I hear there's some sort of motherboard/cpu exodus coming, so knowing when to start looking might also be nice too.
Thanks guys.
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2020.06.17 02:39 Asmarterdj (Offer) - Disney, VUDU and iTunes, [~ 175] Canadian/UK/AU Google Play movies and TV series, (Request) Lists!, VUDU credits, ISO at bottom of post.

Disney Codes All HD (unless marked)

Avengers: Endgame 4K MA Full code, or can split
Cinderella (Live Action) GP and iTunes (Split code, no points)
Finding Dory GP (Split code, no points)
Iron Man 3 GP and iTunes (Split code, no points)
Good Dinosaur (Split code, no points)
Moana GP (Split code, no points)
Ralph Breaks the Internet iTunes (Split code, no points)
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story iTunes (Split code, no points)
Star Wars: The Force Awakens GP and iTunes (Split code, no points)
Star Wars: The Rise of the Skywalker 4K Full code, or can split
Thor Ragnarok GP (Split code, no points)
Wall-E GP (Split Code, no points)
Zootopia (Split code, no points)

VUDU HD

Bad Grandpa
Fate of the Furious
Ghost in the Shell
Hugo
Hunger Games
Interstellar
Jurassic World
Mission Impossible 4: Ghost Protocol
Paranormal Activity
Rise of the Guardians
Titanic
Transformers: Dark of Moon
True Grit

US Google Play (non-Disney)

True Blood Season 5

iTunes

Fast 5 Extended Edition
The Fast and the Furious 6: Extended Edition 4K
Fate of the Furious 4K
Interstellar 4K
Mission Impossible 4: Ghost Protocol 4K
iTunes XML - redeems in SDThe Bank Job (Not MA)

Canadian Google Play Codes that port to Movies Anywhere

22 Jump Street
2 Fast 2 Furious
42
American Girl: Lea to the Rescue
Argo
Barbie: Video Game Hero
Batman Begins
Batman v Superman Dawn of Justice
Batman v Superman Dawn of Justice: Ultimate Edition
Beautiful Creatures
Beethoven's Treasure Tail
Blumhouse's Truth or Dare (Unrated)
Cloud Atlas
Dead in Tombstone (Unrated)
Death Race 3: Inferno (Unrated)
Dolphin Tale 2
Dr. Seuss' The Lorax
Dracula Untold
Dragonheart 3: The Sorcerer's Curse
Dragonnest: Warrior's Dawn
Dumb and Dumber To
Eliminators
Entourage
Fast and Furious (2009)
Fast & Furious 6 (Extended Edition)
Fifty Shades Darker (Unrated)
Fifty Shades of Grey (Unrated)
Fist Fight
Foxcatcher
Fury
Gangster Squad
Getaway (2013)
Ghostbusters (2016)
Ghostbusters (2016) Extended Cut
Girls Trip
Gravity
The Hangover 3
Harry Potter Prisoner of Azkaban
Harry Potter Chamber of Secrets
Harry Potter Half-Blood Prince
Harry Potter Deathly Hallows Part 1
Harry Potter Order of the Phoenix
Here Comes the Boom
Identity Thief
Jack the Giant Slayer
Jason Bourne
Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle
King Kong
Life of the Party
Little Fockers
Live Die Repeat: Edge of Tomorrow
Magic Mike XXL
The Matrix Revolutions
Mom's Night Out
My Big Fat Greek Wedding 2
Neighbors
No Good Deed
Nocturnal Animals
Oblivion
One Direction: This Is Us
Only the Brave
The Perfect Storm
Pitch Perfect
Pitch Perfect 2
Pixels
Rampage
Resident Evil: Retribution
Resident Evil: The Final Chapter
Rock of Ages
Roman J Israel, Esq.
Run All Night
Seventh Son
Sex Tape
Sherlock Holmes: Game of Shadows
Sing
Snow White and the Huntsman: Extended Edition
Spider-man Homecoming
Split
Straight Outta Compton: Unrated Director's Cut
Suicide Squad
Suicide Squad: Extended Cut
T2 Trainspotting
Tammy
The 5th Wave
The Amazing Spider-man 1 and 2
The Boss (Unrated)
The Boss Baby
The Bourne Identity, Legacy
The Conjuring
The Dark Knight
The Dark Knight Rises
The Equalizer
The Fate of the Furious (Theatrical and Extended)
The Girl on the Train
The Incredible Burt Wonderstone
The Intern
The Lego Batman Movie
The Lego Ninjago Movie
Legend of Tarzan
The Night Before
The Purge Election Year
Scorpion King
The Secret Life of Pets
Total Recall (2012) Unrated
Unbroken
Underworld
Underworld Awakening
Underworld: Blood Wars
Werewolf: The Beast Among Us (Unrated)
White House Down

These Canadian Google Play codes will not port: (Fox titles may port if your account is Canadian)

Spectre
Creed
Tomb Raider 2018
Allied
Anchorman 2
Arrival
Bad Grandpa 0.5
Captain Underpants
Daddy's Home
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
Deadpool
Enough Said
Everybody Wants Some!!
Exodus Gods and Kings
Fantastic Four (2015)
Fences
Flight
GI Joe Retaliation
Garfield: The Movie
Hansel and Gretel: Witch Hunters
Hitman: Agent 47
Hot Pursuit
Ice Age
Independence Day
Independence Day: Resurgence
Interstellar
Jack Reacher
Jack Reacher: Never Go Back
Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit
Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa
Kingsman: Secret Service
Labor Day
Life of Pi
Maze Runner:Scorch Trials
Mike and Dave Need Wedding Dates
Miss Peregrines's Home for Peculiar Children
Monster Trucks
Nebraska
Night at the Museum
Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian
Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb
Noah
Office Christmas Party
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones
Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters
Project Almanac
Rio
Rio2
Rio 2 Sing A Long
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Runner Runner
Selma
Spy
ST: Into Darkness
ST Beyond
Strawberry Shortcake: Berry Best in Show, Hi-Tech Fashion, Snowberry Days, Sweet Sunshine Adventures
Taken 2, Taken 3 (unrated)
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2014)
TMNT: Out of the Shadows
Terminator Genisys
The Big Short
Book of Life
The Drop
The Fault in our Stars
The Gambler
The Guilt Trip
The Heat
The Internship
The Longest Ride
The Martian
The Maze Runner
The Peanuts Movie
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty
The Wolf of Wall Street
Whiskey Tango Foxtrot
Wild
World War z
X-men Days of Future Past (and Rogue Cut as separate titles)
X-Men Origins: Wolverine
The Wolverine
X-men Apocalypse
X-Men First Class
Zoolander 2
xXx: Return of Xander Cage
10 Cloverfield Lane

These UK Google Play titles will not port.

21 Jump Street
Admission
Alien Covenant
Anna Karenina
Annie (1982)
Arthur Christmas
Assassin's Creed
Bean
Blow
Boyz in the Hood
The Campaign
Carriers
Clash of the Titans
Contagion
Crazy Stupid Love
Dark Shadows
Darkest Hour
Django Unchained
Dolphin Tale
Enter the Dragon
Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close
Final Destination 5
Green Lantern
Gremlins
Happy Feet 2
Hellboy
Journey 2: Mysterious Island
Logan
Lone Survivor
Mary Magdalene
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
The Neverending Story
New Jack City
New Year's Eve
Nocturnal Animal
Olympus Has Fallen
Paranorman
Poltergeist (1982)
Project X
Scooby-Doo Mask of the Blue Falcon
Sherlock Holmes
Spy
The BoxTrolls
Haunting in Connecticut 2: Ghosts in Georgia
The Hunt for Red October
Magnificent Seven (2016)
The Nut Job
The Pirates: Band of Misfits
The Sum of All Fears
The Vow
The Lucky One
A Very Harold and Kumar Christmas
War for the Planet of the Apes
Why Him?
Wrath of the Titans

These AU titles will not port.

Bad Words
Courageous
Divergent
Hook
John Wick
The Notebook
Sucker Punch
Expendables 3
Hateful 8
Karate Kid 2
The Wolverine
Underworld (Unrated)

Canadian/UK Google Play TV Shows

Big Little Lies (Individual codes for each episode)
Black Sails S1-2
Boardwalk Empire S4-5 (Individual codes for each episode)
Falling Skies S2-5) (S2 and 5 Individual codes for each episode)
Flash S1, S3
Game of Thrones S1 (Ind Eps)
House of Cards S2
Nikita S3
Outlander S1-2
Blind Spot S1
Supernatural S 7, 8, 10
Revolution S1-2
Big Bang Theory S 5-8
Strike Back S2
The 100 S1
Blacklist S1-2
Shameless S1-3
The Originals S1-2
Walking Dead S4-5
True Blood S1-5 (S5 Individual codes for each episode)
Vampire Diaries S4-5
Vinyl S1

Movies ISO - Will look at all offers!

VUDU Credits, Sony Movie Buff Passes
Birds of Prey 4K
Doctor Sleep 4K
Cars 2 4K
Brave 4K
Rambo 2 4K
Arctic 4K
Arrow Season 8
The Flash Season 2
Watchmen Season 1
Colossal
Self/Less
The Zookeeper's Wife
Masterminds
The Warriors
American Graffiti
The Voices
submitted by Asmarterdj to uvtrade [link] [comments]


2020.06.12 03:54 assousa Syria lures but will China bite?

By James M. Dorsey The original version of this article was published by the Geneva Center for Security Policy A podcast version of this story is available on Soundcloud, Itunes, Spotify, Stitcher, TuneIn, Spreaker, Pocket Casts, Tumblr, Podbean, Audecibel, Patreon and Castbox. China looms large as a potentially key player alongside Russia and Iran in President Bashas al-Assad’s post-war Syria. With Russia and Iran lacking the financial muscle and the United States and Europe refusing to engage with the Al-Assad regime, China is from Syria’s perspective the shining knight on a white horse. Syria could become a key node in China’s infrastructure, telecommunications and energy-driven Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Syria could also bring it closer to being sucked into the Middle East’s multiple conflicts. China’s economic interests in Syria Mohammed Jarah and Ahmad Bustati’s warehouse in Damascus symbolized China’s emergence as the largest supplier of industrial and consumer goods to Syria on the eve of the Syrian civil war. The dilapidated warehouse was stocked with everything from Chinese laser cutting machines to plastic toys for children. A decade of fighting dashed the two Syrian entrepreneurs’ hopes. However, things seem to be looking up for businessmen like Mr. Jarah and Mr. Bustati with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad having gained the upper hand in the war with Russian and Iranian assistance and China seeing longer-term economic potential in Syria as a regional node of what BRI will look like irrespective of the coronavirus pandemic and its devastating economic consequences. Syrian officials have sought to drive home China’s competitive advantages and perceived interest in taking a lead in the reconstruction of their country. “The Silk Road is not a silk road if it does not pass through Syria, Iraq and Iran,” said Buthina Shaaban, Bashar al-Assad’s media advisor, referring to the BRI. Chinese access to the Syrian Mediterranean Sea ports of Tartus and Latakia is an attractive prospect for China’s multi-billion-dollar infrastructure, telecommunications and energy-driven initiative that seeks to link Eurasia to the People’s Republic. It would complement Beijing’s footholds in Greece’s Piraeus and the Israeli harbours of Haifa and Ashdod and echo Syria’s key position on the ancient Silk Road. Closely connected to Chinese interest in Syrian ports is the exploration by China Harbour Engineering Company Ltd (CHEC) of the possible upgrading of the deep seaport of Tripoli, Lebanon to allow it to accommodate larger vessels. In contrast to Syrian ports, Tripoli would grant China greater freedom of action because it would not have to share control with Russia. Together with Syrian ports, Tripoli would serve as an alternative to passage through the Suez Canal. Russia appeared to be anticipating potential Chinese moves when it last year negotiated with the Assad government an extension of its access to military bases including what it describes as a “logistics support facility of the Russian navy” in Tartus. In the absence of making the agreement public, it remained unclear what Russian intentions are. However, modernization of Tartus for military purposes that would guarantee Russia a role in control of the Eastern Mediterranean would have to involve upgrading it to be able to accommodate all types of vessels, including aircraft carriers. In a further move, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his foreign and defence ministries in May to reach agreement with Syria on an additional expansion of a 2015 accord that governs Russia’s naval presence in Tartus and allows the Russian navy to base up to 11 ships in the port for 49 years. Mr. Putin wants the life of the agreement to be extended by an additional 25 years. “From the coast of Syria, there is an opportunity to control not only the eastern part, but the entire Mediterranean Sea,” said Captain 1st Rank Anatoly Ivanov, a Moscow-based naval expert. “The United States has in the Mediterranean Sea not only the ships of its Sixth Fleet, but also an extensive ship repair base and training centres of the Navy. For Russia, the Mediterranean Sea is much closer not only geographically, but also geopolitically. Therefore, to use the opportunity to establish (itself) more densely in Syria seems to be a reasonable measure” Qingdao Haixi Heavy-Duty Machinery Co. has already sold Tripoli port two 28-storey container cranes capable of lifting and transporting more than 700 containers a day, while a container vessel belonging to China’s state-owned COSCO Shipping Lines docked in Tripoli in December 2018, inaugurating a new maritime route between China and the Mediterranean. Major Chinese construction companies are also looking at building a railroad that would connect Beirut and Tripoli in Lebanon to Homs and Aleppo in Syria. China has suggested that Tripoli could become a special economic zone within the BRI and serve as an important trans-shipment point between the People’s Republic and Europe. Adding to China’s expansion in the Eastern Mediterranean, COSCO acquired in 2015 a 65 percent stake in Turkey’s Kumport Terminal on the Ambarli coast of Istanbul. To round off the circle, Egypt’s navy last year signed an agreement with China’s Hutchinson Ports to build a terminal in Abu Qir, a port 23 kilometres northeast of Alexandria. Chinese companies already operate Alexandria’s own port as well as that of El Dekheila, ten kilometres west of the city. Chinese influence in at least ten ports in six countries bordering the Eastern Mediterranean - Israel, Greece, Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, and Syria - could complicate US and NATO’s ability to manoeuvre in the region. This was one reason that the Trump administration has warned Israel that Chinese involvement in Haifa, where the Chinese have built their own pier, could jeopardize continued use of the port by the US sixth fleet. Informing US thinking is China’s Military Strategy white paper, published in 2015, that emphasises the “strategic requirement of offshore waters defense and open seas.” It raises the spectre of Chinese-managed or owned ports in the Eastern Mediterranean serving the People’s Republic’s economic and commercial, as well as military interests. The Chinese sway over multiple ports in the Eastern Mediterranean could also encourage Turkey to bolster its grip on the energy-rich waters in violation of international law. Turkish military support for the internationally recognised Libyan Government of National Accord produced a maritime agreement between the two entities that created an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the Eastern Mediterranean favouring expansive Turkish claims. China’s interest in Mediterranean ports is part of a larger effort to integrate the Middle East into the maritime leg of the Belt and Road that also includes the Gulf, the Arabian Sea with the Pakistani port of Gwadar as its focal point, and the Red Sea with the establishment of the People’s Republic’s first military outpost in Djibouti. The integration is further advanced by Chinese investment in ports and logistics facilities in among others Dubai and Oman as well as industrial parks linked to maritime infrastructure. China’s moves have been embraced by Gulf states, several of which have incorporated them in long-term plans to diversify and streamline their economies. Qi Qianjin, China’s ambassador in Damascus, spelled out China’s interest in Syria when he stressed in 2018, in a statement in 2018 to the People’s Republic’s state-run news agency Xinhua as well as in a letter, his country’s intent to expand its economic, political, and military footprint in the. "I think it's about time to focus all efforts on the development and reconstruction of Syria, and I think China will play a bigger role in this process by providing more aid to the Syrian people and the Syrian government," Mr. Qi said during a visit to a hospital in the Syrian capital. Donations in recent years of at least US$44 million to Syria for humanitarian purposes back up Mr. Qi’s statements. In a letter written in August 2019, the ambassador focussed among other things, on the development of Syrian railways and seaports. The letter was published a month after Chinese President Xi Jinping promised to lend $20 billion to Syria, Yemen, Lebanon, and Jordan for reconstruction and economic development. Few doubt that China, even prior to the coronavirus pandemic and its devastating economic fallout, is best positioned to be a key, if not the key player, in post-war reconstruction of Syria, estimated to require between $250 and $400 billion in investment. This is even more the case as other potential funders, the United States, Europe, Russia and the Gulf Cooperation Council states, will either refuse to work with the government of Mr. Al-Assad or be consumed with fighting a domestic and global recession and substantial loss of revenues in the wake of the pandemic. Moreover, in opposition to Western states, China on six occasions, backed Russian vetoes in the United Nations Security Council that blocked condemnations of the Syrian government and its backers, Russian and Iran; calls for ceasefires; and sanctioning of alleged war criminals. One of China’s comparative advantages in heavily sanctioned Syria is the experience it garnered in circumventing US and United Nations sanctions imposed on Iran and North Korea. China further benefits from alternative institutions that it built like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization that it either controls or in which it has considerable influence. That has not stopped the US Justice Department from accusing Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei of operating in Syria in violation of US sanctions. The department is seeking the extradition from Canada of Meng Wanzhou, the company’s chief financial officer and daughter of its founder. Ms. Meng was detained in Canada at the request of the United States. Seemingly oblivious to the risk of being targeted by the long arm of US justice, some 200 Chinese companies in 2018 and 58 in 2019, active in sectors such as telecommunications, oil and gas, and transportation, attended the Damascus International Fair where they discussed deals ranging from car manufacturing to development of mobile hospitals. The participation of China National Heavy Duty Truck Company highlighted Chinese interest in the Syrian automotive sector. Syria could also prove to be a lucrative market for Chinese military exports. Mr. Al-Assad could well see Chinese interest as a way of loosening Moscow and Tehran’s grip on his country despite Russian and Iranian effort to reap the benefits of their boots-on-the-ground support for his government by winning lucrative reconstruction contracts. China has so far refrained from responding in any real way to Syrian urging to kickstart reconstruction of critical national infrastructure even before remaining rebel strongholds in the country are reconquered. It has however exploited commercial opportunity. The vast majority of Syrian exports go to China and Chinese goods are ubiquitous in Syrian markets. Hama, Syria’s most important industrial region after the collapse of manufacturing in Aleppo and Damascus as a result of the war, is awash with Chinese-made car parts, machine tools and equipment for the automobile, motorcycle, and shoe industry. Multiple delegations of Chinese investors and businessmen have visited Syria in recent years. In 2018, China hosted its First Trade Fair on Syrian Reconstruction Projects with some 1,000 Chinese companies in attendance and pledged $2 billion for the construction of industrial parks. China’s security concerns from Syria Mr. Al-Assad’s ability to regain control of most Syria, with the exception of the rebel-held northern region of Idlib, created not only economic opportunity but also heightened already existing Chinese security concerns. As Syrian government forces rolled back rebel fighters, China feared that their battle-hardened Uyghur and Central Asian contingent would gravitate towards Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Pakistan from where it would be easier to target China. The presence of Uyghur fighters in Syria was one driver for a brutal crackdown on Turkic Muslims in China’s troubled north-western province of Xinjiang. It also persuaded China to step up border security cooperation with Tajikistan and Afghanistan, where militants of the Uyghur jihadist Turkistan Islamic Party, an al-Qaeda-affiliated group, allegedly fight alongside the Taliban. The Uyghur presence in Syria prompted China to consider sending Chinese troops to join the fight for Idlib in violation of its foreign and defense policy principles. China ultimately dropped the idea, which would have amounted to the People’s Republic’s first military intervention in recent memory beyond its borders. Repeated unconfirmed media reports have, however, suggested that China has been sharing intelligence with Syria and has been sending military advisors for the past four years to help in the fight against Uyghur militants. The discussion about an intervention followed a pledge in 2016 by Rear Admiral Guan Youfei of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) to increase military cooperation with the Syrian government. Two years later, a Syrian state-controlled newspaper, Al Watan, Mr. Qi, the Chinese ambassador, and China’s military attaché, Wong Roy Chang, as saying that China wanted to contribute “in some way” to Syrian military campaign against the rebels in Idlib. The PLAN took nine days to deny Chinese interest in getting involved in the fighting, calling the report a “misunderstanding.” Meanwhile, while supportive of efforts to negotiate an end to the Syrian war, China has studiously avoided taking a leading role. Its sole initiative to shape the outcome of the conflict was a four-point plan that never gained significant traction. China’s dilemma in Idlib lies partially in sensitivity to Turkish opposition to an all-out assault on Idlib. Turkey fears that it would likely spark a renewed refugee exodus and concern that Chinese involvement in an assault could whip up pro-Uyghur sentiments in Turkey despite growing anti-refugee sentiment in the country. Turkey has long supported Uyghur rights and has frequently turned a blind eye to Uyghur militants. An Uighur dressed in a Turkish military uniform and sporting an automatic weapon, claiming in a video clip posted on Twitter that he was fighting in the northern Syrian district of Afrin alongside Turkish-backed rebels, advised Han Chinese residents of China’s troubled north-western province of Xinjiang to leave the area. “Listen you dog bastards, do you see this? We will triumph! We will kill you all. Listen up Chinese civilians, get out of our East Turkestan. I am warning you. We shall return, and we will be victorious,” the Uyghur said. Syria in the wider Chinese Middle East policy Beyond its hesitancy of becoming embroiled in the Syrian war, China, despite its consistent backing of the Syrian government as a secular bulwark against Islamic extremism, feared that greater involvement in Syria could jeopardise its successful efforts to remain aloof in the conflict between Saudi Arabia and Iran that influenced multiple disputes in the Middle East. That fear has receded with states in the GCC ending their long-standing support for anti-Assad rebels and cosying up to the Syrian leader in an effort to counter Iranian and Turkish influence. Chinese aloofness also shielded it from entering into direct competition with Russia and Iran in the post-war reconstruction phase. Deepening Chinese-Russian ties in the wake of the pandemic and perceived greater Iranian dependence on China may allow for a divvying up of the pie in ways that turn Syria into an important Belt and Road node Dr. James M. Dorsey is an award-winning journalist and a senior fellow at Nanyang Technological University’s S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore. He is also an adjunct senior research fellow at the National University of Singapore’s Middle East Institute and co-director of the University of Wuerzburg’s Institute of Fan Culture in Germany
submitted by assousa to Syria [link] [comments]


2020.06.11 17:37 Asmarterdj (Offer) - Disney, VUDU and iTunes, [~ 175] Canadian/UK/AU Google Play movies and TV series, (Request) Lists!, VUDU credits, ISO at bottom of post.

Disney Codes All HD (unless marked)

Avengers: Endgame 4K MA Full code, or can split
The Call of the Wild GP (Split code, no points)
Cinderella (Live Action) GP and iTunes (Split code, no points)
Finding Dory GP (Split code, no points)
Good Dinosaur (Split code, no points)
Moana GP (Split code, no points)
Ralph Breaks the Internet iTunes (Split code, no points)
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story (iTunes)
Star Wars: The Force Awakens GP and iTunes (Split code, no points)
Star Wars: The Rise of the Skywalker 4K Full code, or can split
Thor Ragnarok GP (Split code, no points)
Wall-E GP (Split Code, no points)
Zootopia (Split code, no points)

VUDU HD

Bad Grandpa
Fate of the Furious
Ghost in the Shell
Hugo
Hunger Games
Interstellar
Jurassic World
Mission Impossible 4: Ghost Protocol
Paranormal Activity
Rise of the Guardians
Titanic
Tomb Raider (2018)
Transformers: Dark of Moon
True Grit

US Google Play (non-Disney)

True Blood Season 5

iTunes

Fast 5 Extended Edition
The Fast and the Furious 6: Extended Edition 4K
Fate of the Furious 4K
Interstellar 4K
Mission Impossible 4: Ghost Protocol 4K
iTunes XML - redeems in SDThe Bank Job (Not MA)

Canadian Google Play Codes that port to Movies Anywhere

22 Jump Street
2 Fast 2 Furious
42
American Girl: Lea to the Rescue
Argo
Barbie: Video Game Hero
Batman Begins
Batman v Superman Dawn of Justice
Batman v Superman Dawn of Justice: Ultimate Edition
Beautiful Creatures
Beethoven's Treasure Tail
Blumhouse's Truth or Dare (Unrated)
Cloud Atlas
Dead in Tombstone (Unrated)
Death Race 3: Inferno (Unrated)
Dolphin Tale 2
Dr. Seuss' The Lorax
Dracula Untold
Dragonheart 3: The Sorcerer's Curse
Dragonnest: Warrior's Dawn
Dumb and Dumber To
Eliminators
Entourage
Fast and Furious (2009)
Fast & Furious 6 (Extended Edition)
Fifty Shades Darker (Unrated)
Fifty Shades of Grey (Unrated)
Fist Fight
Foxcatcher
Fury
Gangster Squad
Getaway (2013)
Ghostbusters (2016)
Ghostbusters (2016) Extended Cut
Girls Trip
Gravity
The Hangover 3
Harry Potter Prisoner of Azkaban
Harry Potter Chamber of Secrets
Harry Potter Half-Blood Prince
Harry Potter Deathly Hallows Part 1
Harry Potter Order of the Phoenix
Here Comes the Boom
Identity Thief
Jack the Giant Slayer
Jason Bourne
Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle
King Kong
Life of the Party
Little Fockers
Live Die Repeat: Edge of Tomorrow
Magic Mike XXL
The Matrix Revolutions
Mom's Night Out
My Big Fat Greek Wedding 2
Neighbors
No Good Deed
Nocturnal Animals
Oblivion
One Direction: This Is Us
Only the Brave
The Perfect Storm
Pitch Perfect
Pitch Perfect 2
Pixels
Rampage
Resident Evil: Retribution
Resident Evil: The Final Chapter
Rock of Ages
Roman J Israel, Esq.
Run All Night
Seventh Son
Sex Tape
Sherlock Holmes: Game of Shadows
Sing
Snow White and the Huntsman: Extended Edition
Spider-man Homecoming
Split
Straight Outta Compton: Unrated Director's Cut
Suicide Squad
Suicide Squad: Extended Cut
T2 Trainspotting
Tammy
The 5th Wave
The Amazing Spider-man 1 and 2
The Boss (Unrated)
The Boss Baby
The Bourne Identity, Legacy
The Conjuring
The Dark Knight
The Dark Knight Rises
The Equalizer
The Fate of the Furious (Theatrical and Extended)
The Girl on the Train
The Incredible Burt Wonderstone
The Intern
The Lego Batman Movie
The Lego Ninjago Movie
Legend of Tarzan
The Night Before
The Professional (Theatrical)
The Purge Election Year
Scorpion King
The Secret Life of Pets
Total Recall (2012) Unrated
Unbroken
Underworld
Underworld Awakening
Underworld: Blood Wars
Werewolf: The Beast Among Us (Unrated)
White House Down

These Canadian Google Play codes will not port: (Fox titles may port if your account is Canadian)

Spectre
Creed
Tomb Raider 2018
Allied
Anchorman 2
Arrival
Bad Grandpa 0.5
Captain Underpants
Daddy's Home
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
Deadpool
Enough Said
Everybody Wants Some!!
Exodus Gods and Kings
Fantastic Four (2015)
Fences
Flight
GI Joe Retaliation
Garfield: The Movie
Hansel and Gretel: Witch Hunters
Hitman: Agent 47
Hot Pursuit
Ice Age
Independence Day
Independence Day: Resurgence
Interstellar
Jack Reacher
Jack Reacher: Never Go Back
Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit
Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa
Kingsman: Secret Service
Labor Day
Life of Pi
Maze Runner:Scorch Trials
Mike and Dave Need Wedding Dates
Miss Peregrines's Home for Peculiar Children
Monster Trucks
Nebraska
Night at the Museum
Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian
Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb
Noah
Office Christmas Party
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones
Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters
Project Almanac
Rio
Rio2
Rio 2 Sing A Long
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Runner Runner
Selma
Spy
ST: Into Darkness
ST Beyond
Strawberry Shortcake: Berry Best in Show, Hi-Tech Fashion, Snowberry Days, Sweet Sunshine Adventures
Taken 2, Taken 3 (unrated)
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2014)
TMNT: Out of the Shadows
Terminator Genisys
The Big Short
Book of Life
The Drop
The Fault in our Stars
The Gambler
The Guilt Trip
The Heat
The Internship
The Longest Ride
The Martian
The Maze Runner
The Peanuts Movie
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty
The Wolf of Wall Street
Whiskey Tango Foxtrot
Wild
World War z
X-men Days of Future Past (and Rogue Cut as separate titles)
X-Men Origins: Wolverine
The Wolverine
X-men Apocalypse
X-Men First Class
Zoolander 2
xXx: Return of Xander Cage
10 Cloverfield Lane

These UK Google Play titles will not port.

21 Jump Street
Admission
Alien Covenant
Anna Karenina
Annie (1982)
Arthur Christmas
Assassin's Creed
Bean
Blow
Boyz in the Hood
The Campaign
Carriers
Clash of the Titans
Contagion
Crazy Stupid Love
Dark Shadows
Darkest Hour
Django Unchained
Dolphin Tale
Enter the Dragon
Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close
Final Destination 5
Green Lantern
Gremlins
Happy Feet 2
Hellboy
Journey 2: Mysterious Island
Logan
Lone Survivor
Mary Magdalene
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
The Neverending Story
New Jack City
New Year's Eve
Nocturnal Animal
Olympus Has Fallen
Paranorman
Poltergeist (1982)
Project X
Scooby-Doo Mask of the Blue Falcon
Sherlock Holmes
Spy
The BoxTrolls
Haunting in Connecticut 2: Ghosts in Georgia
The Hunt for Red October
Magnificent Seven (2016)
The Nut Job
The Pirates: Band of Misfits
The Sum of All Fears
The Vow
The Lucky One
A Very Harold and Kumar Christmas
War for the Planet of the Apes
Why Him?
Wrath of the Titans

These AU titles will not port.

Bad Words
Courageous
Divergent
Hook
John Wick
The Notebook
Sucker Punch
Expendables 3
Hateful 8
Karate Kid 2
The Wolverine
Underworld (Unrated)

Canadian/UK Google Play TV Shows

Big Little Lies (Individual codes for each episode)
Black Sails S1-2
Boardwalk Empire S4-5 (Individual codes for each episode)
Falling Skies S2-5) (S2 and 5 Individual codes for each episode)
Flash S1, S3
Game of Thrones S1 (Ind Eps)
House of Cards S2
Nikita S3
Outlander S1-2
Blind Spot S1
Supernatural S 7, 8, 10
Revolution S1-2
Big Bang Theory S 5-8
Strike Back S2
The 100 S1
Blacklist S1-2
Shameless S1-3
The Originals S1-2
Walking Dead S4-5
True Blood S1-5 (S5 Individual codes for each episode)
Vampire Diaries S4-5
Vinyl S1

Movies ISO - Will look at all offers!

VUDU Credits, Sony Movie Buff Passes
Birds of Prey 4K
Doctor Sleep 4K
Cars 2 4K
Brave 4K
Rambo 2 4K
Arctic 4K
Arrow Season 8
The Flash Season 2
Watchmen Season 1
Colossal
Self/Less
The Zookeeper's Wife
Rambo Last Blood
Masterminds
The Warriors
American Graffiti
The Voices
submitted by Asmarterdj to uvtrade [link] [comments]


2020.06.07 00:27 shooter1129 La Linea vs Gente Nueva

After the death of Amado Carrillo Fuentes, El Señor de los Cielos and the escape of El Chapo Guzman from the Puente Grande Prison in Jalisco, the relationship between the leaders of both groups was fruitful for business. Vicente Carrillo Fuentes El Viceroy and Rodolfo Carrillo Fuentes El Niño de Oro, joined the cartel federation led by Chapo Guzman with the leaders of the Sinaloa cartel that included, Mayo Zambada, Nacho Colonel, El Azul and the Beltran Leyva brothers.
But soon a friction began between Vicente Carrillo Fuentes and El Chapo Guzman. El Chapo accused the youngest of the Carrillo Fuentes of ordering the murders of people related to El Chapo and Mayo. Rodolfo Carrillo continued to take contemptuous attitudes toward El Chapo. Rodolfo was partying in Culiacan like nothing was happening, something that did not sit well with the people from Sinaloa. It is said that a Sinaloa state judicial police provided protection to Rodolfo Carrillo. Something that made Rodolfo feel untouchable.
At a meeting that was held in Monterrey, the capos of the Federation were summoned and one of the points was that El Chapo would file down the rough edges with the Carrillo Fuentes. At the meeting, El Chapo Guzman tried to shake hands with Rodolfo Carrillo, but Rodolfo left El Chapo hanging, refusing to shake his hand. This angered El Chapo, so much that on the same day he planned the death of Rodolfo Carrillo "The Golden Boy." El Chapo asked his bosses of the Federation Nacho Colonel and El Azul for permission to kill Rodolfo and El Azul gave the green light. Mayo Zambada assisted in planning and supporting the logistics of the murder.
Rodolfo Carrillo was a marked man, he no longer had a future in the world of drug trafficking. On the afternoon of September 11, 2004, Rodolfo Carrillo Fuentes was with his wife and children in one of the movie theaters in the Plaza Cinepolis in Culiacan. As Rodolfillo was leaving with his wife and children while being escorted by Pedro Perez, a commander of the judicial police and various other police officers that served as bodyguards, he was attacked. They were caught off guard by several sicarios who were staged in several strategic points with the aim at Rodolfo, who was not to come out alive. The sound of automatic gunfire raining on the intended target was immediate. El Niño de Oro and his wife Giovanna Quevedo were killed instantly as well as a car keeper. The children were unharmed in the attack. The commander made a call seeking help and a large segment of the judicial police arrived at the scene. There was a prompt reaction by the police that resulted in several operations, that resulted in confrontations with a group of gunmen in the city. At the end, the group surrendered but later, in formal statements given to authorities, it is said that the sicarios were executed by elements of the judicial police.
This created a controversy revealing the relationship between drug trafficking and police authorities. The corruption was starting to sink in known among the society. Culiacan experienced a wave of violence due to this event. Deaths and abductions could be seen daily in cities in Sinaloa. In one of the meetings afterward, Vicente Carrillo Fuentes demanded of El Chapo Guzman the head of the sicarios that killed the Golden Boy, El Chapo refused.
It was then that the retaliation against El Chapo Guzman and his associates started. A good friend and collaborator of El Chapo, Miguel Angel Beltran Lugo El Ceja Guera was shot to death inside the La Palma prison in October of 2004. The Revenge did not end there, on December 31, 2004 Arturo Guzman Loera El Polco, the brother of El Chapo was executed. At the beginning it was said that it was revenge by Osiel Cardena Guillen of the Gulf cartel who was in alliance with the Arellano Felix brothers, but sometime later it was discovered that Vicente Carrillo Fuentes El Viceroy ordered the execution for revenge for the death of his brother.
An assassin who had been sent to execute Vicente Zambada Nieblas El Vicentillo and one of May Zambada's wives were also arrested. May take her precautions and take her son and family out of town. The confrontations returned to the city, the executions did not stop.
The drug cartels agreed that there would be no more violence between the organizations, the pact was carried out in Cuernavaca in 2007.
After several meetings, the quarrels between El Viceroy and El Chapo continued. Vicente Carrillo did not appear at the meetings he only spoke on the radio with Arturo Beltran. There was a rumor that El Chapo Guzman was bringing people to chihuahua with a plan to destabilize the state. El Chapo Guzman was claiming that an operator of the Juarez cartel by the name of Jose Luis Ledezma El JL, who was the second in command in the Juarez cartel and Vicente's right arm, was killing people of El Chapo on the borders of Sinaloa and Chihuahua. This is how one of the bloodiest wars in Mexico history began.
El Chapo Guzman sent a regiment of sicarios to Ciudad Juarez led by Noel Salgueiro Nevarez El Flaco to fight for the plaza and the entire state of Chihuahua. The first confrontations started around 2008 in the state of Chihuahua. El JL was to defend the front, he founded the group of Los Linces and Los Condors, from it, the armed wing of the Juarez cartel known as La Linea emerged.
From 2008 to the end of 2012 the city experienced one of the most waves of violence in the state. Both cartels engaged each other in firefights in the streets, murders in bars, restaurants, dismembered bodies outside schools and executions in funerals and churches were news every day. The violence was so intense that they ended up exterminating each other. Both cartels lost high-ranking figures, something that eventually led to a more discreet war, but something that most recently has come to light again.
In the first weeks of January 2008, the war in Chihuahua began to materialize. The high-impact attacks and murders were swift. Commanders, captains, directors as well as elements of the state and municipal authorities were executed on suspicion of belonging to the different groups.
They began to leave writings or narco-messages in mantas claiming or separating themselves from the incidents, some signed by La Gente Nueva while others by La Linea.
In 2008 Felipe Calderon sent military and federal forces to chihuahua to maintain the peace of the state, this only added to more violence, the confrontations between sicarios and the military raised the deaths that included sicarios, military forces and federal police.
The cartels started recruiting street gangs to carry out their dirty jobs. The Sinaloa cartel recruited Los Mexicles while the Juarez cartel recruited Los Aztecas, both groups had strong roots in the united states.
The Massacres of the War Between Gente Nueva and La Linea.
2008
August 1 in Ciudad Juárez: 9 people riddled in the CIAD rehabilitation center. October 9 in Chihuahua: Attack in the Río Rosas bar in the Central Zone costs the life of 11 people.
2009
March 4 in the Juárez prison, 20 inmates are killed during 150 minutes of a riot. September 2, a commando broke into the "Aliviane," a rehabilitation center, located in the Bellavista neighborhood in Juárez, where 17 people were shot dead while another died while being treated in a hospital. September 16 at the “Anexo de Vida AC” rehabilitation center in the Plan de Ayala neighborhood in Juárez, 10 people were killed.
2010
January 30, an armed group attacked people at a party in a house in the Villas de Salvárcar subdivision, where 15 people, mostly teenagers - were shot dead. June 10, a commando entered the "Fe y Vida" center, located in the Villa Nueva neighborhood in the city of Chihuahua, and killed 19 residents. October 22, 15 people were killed in a house in the Horizonte del Sur neighborhood in Juárez.
2012
February 4, at the "Far West" nightclub in Chihuahua, nine people were killed when attacked by an armed group. April 20, 2012, in the “Colorado” bar in the state capital, another attack was registered with a toll of 15 people killed.
2013
March 28, at the “Mogavi” bar in the Central Zone in the city of Chihuahua, a commando broke in and killed seven people. September 22, 11 people - most members of a baseball team - were shot and killed in the town of Loma Blanca, near Juárez, where they were celebrating a sporting victory.
After these violent acts, an exodus of more than 230,000 people fled the Chihuahua cities, as well as more than 33,000 houses and businesses that were abandoned by the wave of violence.
The groups were fighting for the plazas of Ciudad Juarez, Batopilas, Guachochi, Nuevo Casas Grandes, Casas Grandes, Janos, Asencion, Ignacio Zaragoza, Galeana, Guadalupe and Calvo, Praxedis, Villa Humada, Madera, Urique, Cuahtemoc, Parral and El Valle de Juarez.
Members of La Linea Over Time and Plazas of Chihuahua.
El Diego Jose Luis Ledezma El JL or El Dos Letras. His whereabouts are unknown, it is said that he died between 2009 or 2010. The PGR (attorney general office) had him listed as an active element up until 2014 within the Juarez prison. He was the founder of La Linea and also of Los Linces group, the elite of the Juárez cartel. Jose Antonio Acosta Hernandez, El Diego, head of La Linea was arrested in July 2011. He ordered the massacre of the villas in Salvacar where 16 people were killed, as well as the attack on a rehabilitation center where 19 people were killed for belonging to the Sinaloa cartel. He was also responsible for the death of elements of the American consulate, the car bombs against federal forces and the murder of 1,500 people during his activity within the cartel. Jesus Armando Acosta El 35, operational leader of La Linea detained in Ciudad Juarez in July of 2010. Rogelio Segovia Hernandez El Royser, lieutenant of La Linea was arrested in July of 2010. responsible for homicides and kidnappings in the vicinity of Juarez, chihuahua. He received his orders from El Monico. Javier Gomez Rios el 8, leader of La Linea in the city of Chihuahua, arrested in July of 2010. Luis Carlos Vasquez Barragan El 20, operator of La Linea and of the same rank of JL. El 20 was arrested in July of 2010. Mario Hernandez Cazares El Cachitas, operator of La Linea, began to work with the JL in drug trafficking. He was detained in Lomas de Chapultepec in Mexico City. Luis Guillermo Castillo Rubio El Pariente, founder of La Linea. Together with the JL, he was captured in Cancun in 2012. He was a direct boss of El Diego. Pedro Sanchez, Arras El Sol or El Tigre, was arrested in 2008. He was the head of the plaza in Villa Smoky, right hand man of El JL. Juan Pablo Gijarro Fragoza El Monico or El H1, head of La Linea and of the same rank as El JL. Following the arrests of lieutenants and high-ranking leaders, the Juarez cartel was weakened. After the arrest of Vicente Carrillo Fuentes El Viceroy, Vicente Carrillo Leyva, El Ingeniero, son of Amado Carrillo Fuentes, and the death of Rodolfo Carrillo, there are no longer any renowned leaders within the organization.
Members of Gente Nueva over time and plazas of Chihuahua.
El Flaco Noel Salgueiro Nevarez El Flaco, founder of Gente Nueva, was arrested in Culiacan in 2011 by Sedena. Jose Salgueiro Nevarez El Che, he stayed with the leadership of the Gente Nueva group after the arrest of his brother El Flaco but was arrested in Parral Chihuahua in 2012. Mario Nuñez Meza El M10 or El Mayito, head of the Gente Nueva who supported the activities of Chapo Guzman in Ciudad Juarez. Ele Mayito separated from the Sinaloa cartel to organize his own group, he was arrested in 2013. Enrique Lopez Acosta El Cumbias, head of sicarios for the Gente Nueva, was responsible for the attack in Creel. Chihuahua made that was videotaped and shown nationally. He was arrested in Chihuahua in 2010. Jose Fidel Mario Nuñez Meza El M12, brother of the M10 was arrested in October of 2013. Jose Antonio Torres Marrufo El Jaguar, operator and leader of a faction of the Gente Nueva, betrayed the Juarez cartel for quarrels with El JL. Efren Salgueiro González El Maniaco, leader of sicarios for the Gente Nueva, was arrested in February of 2012.
After an endless war, after 12 years from its beginning, the violence does not stop, the points of war remain in the Chihuahua plazas, as well as the Chihuahua border with sonora.
Currently there is a close relationship between the factions that face each other.
Today La Linea is currently directed by Jesus Sala Aguayo El Chuyin boss of the plaza in Villa Ahumada, he is the powerful source behind the cartel. El Chuyin took over the plaza after the death of Rafael Chavira Renteria El Borrego and the arrest of El Tigre. While the Chuyin was detained, Julio Cesar Olivas Torres El Sexto and Carlos Arturo Quintana Quintana El 80 maintained the leadership of the cartel. The cartel joined the new wave of the "new generation" and new appointments emerged, now known as the Cartel de Juarez Nueva Generacion.
La Linea suffered an internal fracture that generated the confrontation between Carlos Quintana El 80 and Cesar Raul Gamboa Sosa El Cabo, it is said that El Cabo left the cartel months ago and was looking for an alliance with Cartel de Guadalajara Nueva Generacion and try to take the plaza of Chihuahua from the hands of the Cartel de Juarez Nueva Generacion.
An escort of El 80 was beheaded and he was left in an ice chest on the road between Rubio and Cuahtemoc, this brought a series of confrontations between both factions. In one of the confrontations died Raul Gamboa Sosa El Cabo. El Cabo was ambushed along with three of his bodyguards. Snipers from the nearby hills are said to have been used, causing blockades and the use of heavy-caliber weapons left the bodies strewn on the road from Rubio to Bachiniva. The confrontation occurred on March 27, 2017.
After this attack people changed sides, the group eventually joined the Sinaloa cartel that founded the Gente Nueva del Tigre led by a lieutenant of El Cabo, his name is Julio Cesar Escarcega Murillo El 109 or El Tigre in charge of the plaza in Cuahtemoc, Chihuahua and Carichi by order of the cartel. The leadership was given to him by the El Cabo's brothers, Edgar Alfredo El 11 and Luis Enrique El Mulatas who helped in the confrontations in search of recovering the lost territories of El Cabo.
El Tigre was detained on October 29, 2017 in Cuahtemoc and thus Luis Enrique El Muletas was detained in Puebla by federal police and army forces. The group's leadership is controlled by Edgar Alfredo Gamboa Sosa El 11.
Meanwhile El 80 maintained a war on the border of Sonora and Chihuahua with the group of La Gente Nueva Salazar. This is for the control of plazas controlled by El 80. Los salazar sustained confrontation with El 80 in Urique, Nimiquipa, Bocoyna, Moris and Chinipas with the objective of displacing La Linea, for better control of drug trafficking routes. Los Salazars tried to blame the murder of the journalist Miroslava Breach to 80 but a informant in the witness protection program told otherwise.
Another group that came out of El Cabo was La Gente Nueva del Jaguar, commanded by Francisco Arvizu Marquez El Jaguar. El jaguar fights for the plazas of Madera, Zaragoza, Gomez Farias and Temosachic. On the other hand, El 80 has Roberto Gonzalez Montes El Mudo or El 32 who leads La Linea Madera and Nuevo Casas Grandes. In July of 2017, one of the largest confrontations between these two groups occurred, in the farming community of Las Varas that left more than 14 sicarios killed, vehicles and houses burned was the result.
The group of El Jaguar is supported by the group of Gente Nueva del M100 that operates in Agua Prieta, Sonora. His leader is Marco Antonio Paredes Machado and his son Marco Antonio Paredes El Junior. They provide support with weapons, sicarios and money to ensure they keep La Linea out of Sonora. Martin Siqueiros El Tin Tin supports from Agua Prieta, while in Yecora Elmer Cordova El Plunas and Nacori chico supports Freddy Calles El Tolteca.
In March 2018, Carlos Aguayo El Chupon of the plaza in Yecora was executed in an ambush in Moris, Chihuahua. El Chupon belonged to the group of Los Salazar.
On May 17, 2018, El 80 were arrested in Namiquipa, that same day a great confrontation broke out in Yecora between the groups of La Linea and Gente Nueva.
The leadership of La Linea fell to Julio Cesar Olivas Torres El Sexto but months later he was arrested in Ciudad Juarez in an operation by the federal police and elements of the army.
The war included other points of confrontation in this case between Ruperto Salgueiro Nevarez El 37, Eddy Zafiro Ibarra El Zafiro, Antonio Leonel Camacho El 300, Lorenzo Antonio Morales Perez Tony Tormeta and El Chapo Calin against the Manjarrez brothers; Alonso, Cesar Daniel El H2, Homero El H7, Jose Alfredo El Harry and Eduardo. They are leaders of the group of Los H associated with La Linea fighting Cuauhtemoc, Bocoyna, Ocampo, Casas Grandes and Nuevo Casas Grandes associated with El 32. They fight the groups of Gente Nueva del 300 and Gente Nueva del Tigre of Edgar El Tigre Blanco or El 11.
H2 led confrontations against El Tigre, abducting and killing his father. These confrontations have brought terror and desolation for the inhabitants in the Taraumara region.
The war has made important changes, after the execution of El Chupon in Moris at the hands of Los Salazar for treason, this brought a fracture in the group of Yecora, of which El 80 and El Furcio were fighting for the leadership of the Bourne brothers and the Colorado.
The brothers Bournes, Noe 500 and Pepe Aguila joined the group of La Linea since Los Paredes and Los Salazar provided support to El 80 and El Furcio, who took charge of the group in Yecora. The Bourne brothers fight the plazas of Guaymas, Empalme, Ciudad Obregon and Hermosillo with Los Salazars.
After this fracture in 2019, once again there was an internal conflict, new alliances were made. In Agua Prieta, the fight between Martin Siquieros El Tin Tin and a Lieutenant Gildardo Nieblas Palomino El G3 arose, El G3 was expelled from Agua Prieta along with Freddy Calles El Tolteca. They then joined the group of the Bourne brothers of El 500 and El Aguila, at the same time El Tolteca formed an alliance with El 32 of La Linea to counter the attacks of the group of the Paredes.
El Jaguar suffered a blow when his brother was killed. Jorge Arvizu Marquez El Lobo was leader of Los Lobos that operate in Madera. He was executed together with his son Uriel Arvizu Ponce El Morito. They were caught off guard by a group of sicarios, there was a total of 19 people killed in the confrontation. The men responsible for the attack was El 32 and El Tolteca an old ally of El jaguar.
The pivotal point that symbolized this war was the massacre of the Lebaron family in Bavispe, at the hands of sicarios. Women and children were killed by gunfire directed by various sicarios positioned in the Chihuahuan highlands. The factor in the massacre really started on November 4, 2019 in Agua Prieta as there was a confrontation between three rival groups. It is said that the attack was perpetrated by Gildardo Nieblas El G3 and EL Tolteca, in retaliation for the actions taken by Martin Siqueiros El Tin Tin and the betrayal of Leonel Toscano Cuevas El Tigre. The active operations and confrontation sound the alarms of sicarios in Chihuahua and Sonora that had been positioned in the surrounding cities of both states. The execution of the Lebaron family occurred because of a confusion of groups of sicarios who were moving on roads looking for adversarial target, but as we know now, the SUVs were occupied by women and children of the family.
The group of Los Salazars, Los Jaguars and La Linea are to blame for this incident, but little has been said about the group that maintains control of that area Los Paredes of Agua Prieta. Authorities took the initiative and an operation took place in Janos, Chihuahua in search for members of La Lina who participated in the execution. The boss of the plaza in Janos of La Linea was arrested along with 9 of their members, by so far, the investigations are ongoing, ongoing by Mexican authorities and allegedly in support United States, FBI and DEA.
In the face of the pandemic experienced in the world, the drug trafficking groups united in support of the citizenry, so that members of the Gente Nueva del 300 distributed food pantries to people in the community, weeks later these same individuals were burned to death in a confrontation.
The last blow happened in Jimenez, chihuahua where an alleged leader of the region named El Mocho or El Fresa was detained. This unleashed a wave of violence against state authorities in retaliation for the arrest. In Cuauhtemoc they executed of two people after a confrontation. both events were videotaped.
Both groups adopted strategies of terror, narco-messages painted on walls, video recordings showing their power of heavy weapons and the large amount of personnel, videos of incursions into enemy territories, videos of people being questioned and then executed, narcomantas that denounced the relationship of authorities with leaders of both groups.
Clashes, executions, uprisings, torture, beheadings have devastated the state of Chihuahua, the number of dead officers stands out during this war, the threats to city mayors and governors set the political climate in the state.
The endless war between the Sinaloa cartel and the Juarez cartel has resulted in the largest statistics of deaths worldwide, even more in comparison to the Iraq war.
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2020.06.06 20:26 Asmarterdj (Offer) - Disney, VUDU and iTunes, [~ 200] Canadian/UK/AU Google Play movies and TV series, (Request) Lists!, VUDU credits, ISO at bottom of post.

Disney Codes All HD (unless marked)

Avengers: Endgame 4K MA Full code, or can split
The Call of the Wild GP (Split code, no points)
Cinderella (Live Action) GP and iTunes (Split code, no points)
Finding Dory GP (Split code, no points)
Good Dinosaur (Split code, no points)
Moana GP (Split code, no points)
Ralph Breaks the Internet iTunes (Split code, no points)
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story (iTunes)
Star Wars: The Force Awakens GP and iTunes (Split code, no points)
Thor Ragnarok GP (Split code, no points)
Wall-E GP (Split Code, no points)
Zootopia (Split code, no points)

VUDU HD

Bad Grandpa
Fate of the Furious
Ghost in the Shell
Hugo
Hunger Games
Interstellar
Jurassic World
Mission Impossible 4: Ghost Protocol
Paranormal Activity
Rise of the Guardians
Titanic
Transformers: Dark of Moon
True Grit

US Google Play (non-Disney)

True Blood Season 5

iTunes

Fate of the Furious 4K
iTunes XML - redeems in SDThe Bank Job (Not MA)

Canadian Google Play Codes that port to Movies Anywhere

22 Jump Street
2 Fast 2 Furious
42
American Girl: Lea to the Rescue
Argo
Austin Powers: Goldmember
Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me
Barbie: Video Game Hero
Batman Begins
Batman v Superman Dawn of Justice
Batman v Superman Dawn of Justice: Ultimate Edition
Beautiful Creatures
Beethoven's Treasure Tail
Blumhouse's Truth or Dare (Unrated)
Cloud Atlas
Dead in Tombstone (Unrated)
Death Race 3: Inferno (Unrated)
Despicable Me 2: 3 Mini-movie Collection
Dolphin Tale 2
Dr. Seuss' The Lorax
Dracula Untold
Dragonheart 3: The Sorcerer's Curse
Dragonnest: Warrior's Dawn
Dumb and Dumber To
Eliminators
Entourage
Fast and Furious (2009)
Fast & Furious 6 (Extended Edition)
Fifty Shades Darker (Unrated)
Fifty Shades of Grey (Unrated)
Fist Fight
Foxcatcher
Fury
Gangster Squad
Getaway (2013)
Ghostbusters (2016)
Ghostbusters (2016) Extended Cut
Girls Trip
Gravity
The Hangover 3
Harry Potter Prisoner of Azkaban
Harry Potter Chamber of Secrets
Harry Potter Half-Blood Prince
Harry Potter Deathly Hallows Part 1
Harry Potter Order of the Phoenix
Here Comes the Boom
Identity Thief
Jack the Giant Slayer
Jason Bourne
Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle
King Kong
Life of the Party
Little Fockers
Live Die Repeat: Edge of Tomorrow
Magic Mike XXL
The Matrix Revolutions
Mom's Night Out
My Big Fat Greek Wedding 2
Neighbors
No Good Deed
Nocturnal Animals
Oblivion
One Direction: This Is Us
Only the Brave
The Perfect Storm
Pitch Perfect
Pitch Perfect 2
Pixels
Rampage
Resident Evil: Retribution
Resident Evil: The Final Chapter
Rock of Ages
Roman J Israel, Esq.
Run All Night
Seventh Son
Sex Tape
Sherlock Holmes: Game of Shadows
Sing
Snow White and the Huntsman: Extended Edition
Spider-man Homecoming
Split
Straight Outta Compton: Unrated Director's Cut
Suicide Squad
Suicide Squad: Extended Cut
T2 Trainspotting
Tammy
The 5th Wave
The Amazing Spider-man 1 and 2
The Boss (Unrated)
The Boss Baby
The Bourne Identity, Legacy
The Conjuring
The Dark Knight
The Dark Knight Rises
The Death of Superman
The Equalizer
The Fate of the Furious (Theatrical and Extended)
The Girl on the Train
The Incredible Burt Wonderstone
The Intern
The Lego Batman Movie
Legend of Tarzan
The Night Before
The Professional (Theatrical)
The Purge Election Year
Scorpion King
The Secret Life of Pets
Total Recall (2012) Unrated
Unbroken
Underworld
Underworld Awakening
Underworld: Blood Wars
Werewolf: The Beast Among Us (Unrated)
White House Down

These Canadian Google Play codes will not port: (Fox titles may port if your account is Canadian)

Spectre
Creed
Tomb Raider 2018
Allied
Anchorman 2
Arrival
Bad Grandpa 0.5
Captain Underpants
Daddy's Home
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
Deadpool
Enough Said
Everybody Wants Some!!
Exodus Gods and Kings
Fantastic Four (2015)
Fences
Flight
GI Joe Retaliation
Garfield: The Movie
Hansel and Gretel: Witch Hunters
Hitman: Agent 47
Hot Pursuit
Ice Age
Independence Day
Independence Day: Resurgence
Interstellar
Jack Reacher
Jack Reacher: Never Go Back
Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit
Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa
Kingsman: Secret Service
Labor Day
Life of Pi
Maze Runner:Scorch Trials
Mike and Dave Need Wedding Dates
Miss Peregrines's Home for Peculiar Children
Monster Trucks
Nebraska
Night at the Museum
Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian
Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb
Noah
Office Christmas Party
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones
Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters
Project Almanac
Rio
Rio2
Rio 2 Sing A Long
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Runner Runner
Selma
Spy
ST: Into Darkness
ST Beyond
Strawberry Shortcake: Berry Best in Show, Hi-Tech Fashion, Snowberry Days, Sweet Sunshine Adventures
Taken 2, Taken 3 (unrated)
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2014)
TMNT: Out of the Shadows
Terminator Genisys
The Big Short
Book of Life
The Drop
The Fault in our Stars
The Gambler
The Guilt Trip
The Heat
The Internship
The Longest Ride
The Martian
The Maze Runner
The Peanuts Movie
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty
The Wolf of Wall Street
Whiskey Tango Foxtrot
Wild
World War z
X-men Days of Future Past (and Rogue Cut as separate titles)
X-Men Origins: Wolverine
The Wolverine
X-men Apocalypse
X-Men First Class
Zoolander 2
xXx: Return of Xander Cage
10 Cloverfield Lane

These UK Google Play titles will not port.

21 Jump Street
Admission
Alien Covenant
Anna Karenina
Annie (1982)
Arthur Christmas
Assassin's Creed
Bean
Blow
Boyz in the Hood
The Campaign
Carriers
Clash of the Titans
Contagion
Crazy Stupid Love
Dark Shadows
Darkest Hour
Django Unchained
Dolphin Tale
Enter the Dragon
Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close
Final Destination 5
Green Lantern
Gremlins
Happy Feet 2
Hellboy
Journey 2: Mysterious Island
Logan
Lone Survivor
Mary Magdalene
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
The Neverending Story
New Jack City
New Year's Eve
Nocturnal Animal
Olympus Has Fallen
Paranorman
Poltergeist (1982)
Project X
Scooby-Doo Mask of the Blue Falcon
Sherlock Holmes
Spy
The BoxTrolls
Haunting in Connecticut 2: Ghosts in Georgia
The Hunt for Red October
Magnificent Seven (2016)
The Nut Job
The Pirates: Band of Misfits
The Sum of All Fears
The Vow
The Lucky One
A Very Harold and Kumar Christmas
War for the Planet of the Apes
Why Him?
Wrath of the Titans

These AU titles will not port.

Bad Words
Courageous
Divergent
Hook
John Wick
The Notebook
Sucker Punch
Expendables 3
Hateful 8
Karate Kid 2
The Wolverine
Underworld (Unrated)

Canadian/UK Google Play TV Shows

11.22.63
Big Little Lies (Individual codes for each episode)
Black Sails S1-2
Boardwalk Empire S4-5 (Individual codes for each episode)
Falling Skies S2-5) (S2 and 5 Individual codes for each episode)
Flash S1, S3
Game of Thrones S1 (Ind Eps)
House of Cards S2
Nikita S3
Outlander S1-2
Blind Spot S1
Supernatural S 7, 8, 10
Revolution S1-2
Big Bang Theory S 5-8
Strike Back S2
The 100 S1
Blacklist S1-2
Shameless S1-3
The Originals S1-2
Walking Dead S4-5
True Blood S1-5 (S5 Individual codes for each episode)
Vampire Diaries S4-5
Vinyl S1

Movies ISO - Will look at all offers!

VUDU Credits, Sony Movie Buff Passes
Anything new in the last 3 months, been offline dealing with family issues :)
Birds of Prey 4K
Doctor Sleep 4K
Cars 2 4K
Brave 4K
Wall-E 4K
Rambo 2 4K
Arctic 4K
Bloodshot
Jexi
Rambo Last Blood
Basic Instinct
Masterminds
Jacob's Ladder
The Warriors
American Graffiti
Trespass Against Us
Colossal
Self/Less
The Zookeeper's Wife
The Voices
Erin Brockovich
Jeff Who Lives At Home
submitted by Asmarterdj to uvtrade [link] [comments]


2020.05.31 09:34 ARITTRO_DIAN This is a review of the article titled “India under covid 19 lockdown” which was published on the website called The Lancet on the 25th of April 2020. Note that this article consists of covid related information

SCIENTIFIC REVIEW ARCTICLE 2
This is a review of the article titled “India under covid 19 lockdown” which was published on the website called The Lancet on the 25th of April 2020. Note that this article consists of covid related information
that was known upto the 25th of April 2020, so it might not consist of all the latest news and development related to the topic. The link to the original article is given here:https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30938-7/fulltext30938-7/fulltext)
The largest COVID-19 national lockdown in the world has been extended to May 3. As of April 22, India has reported 18 985 confirmed cases and 603 deaths from COVID-19 in 31 states and union territories since its first case on Jan 30. India was quick to close its international borders and enforce an immediate lockdown, which WHO praised as “tough and timely”. The lockdown has also given the government time to prepare for a possible surge in cases when the pandemic is forecasted to peak in the coming weeks. Still, India's population of 1·3 billion across diverse states, health inequalities, widening economic and social disparities, and distinct cultural values present unique challenges.
Preparedness and response to COVID-19 have differed at the state level. Kerala has drawn on its experience with the Nipah virus in 2018 to use extensive testing, contact tracing, and community mobilisation to contain the virus and maintain a very low mortality rate. It has also set up thousands of temporary shelters for migrant workers. Odisha's exposure to previous natural disasters meant crisis precautions were already in place and have been repurposed. Maharashtra has used drones to monitor physical distancing during lockdown and applied a cluster containment strategy: if three or more patients are diagnosed, all houses within 3 km are surveyed to detect further cases, trace contacts, and raise awareness. Whether this strategy will be successful is still unclear. The premise relies on there not being community transmission, and there is danger of stigmatisation and coercion. But states deserve much of the credit for India's COVID-19 response.
The government's sudden enforcement of the lockdown seemed hastily prepared and immediately disadvantaged already vulnerable populations. There has been a mass exodus of migrant workers and concerns are rising about starvation among people who work in the informal economy. Implementing public health measures is difficult in places with overcrowded living conditions and inadequate hygiene and sanitation. Non-COVID-19 health services have been disrupted. Reports suggest that the government's efforts to provide financial support and a measure of food security to ease these pressures will be insufficient to meet demand. But better planning and communication could have helped avert this crisis.
Rates of testing have been low (0·28 per 1000 people as of April 20). Capacity issues, absence of political will, and operational feasibility have been to blame. However, efforts to reverse the situation are underway as hundreds of thousands of testing kits have become available, and more testing companies and laboratories have been approved. Testing needs to be expanded exponentially as well as strategically as a tool to provide epidemiological evidence. India's response has also been constrained by a shortage of health workers, but this should be remedied by new reforms that would mobilise additional health-care workers from different sources.
One threat to the COVID-19 response in India is the spread of misinformation driven by fear, stigma, and blame. There have been rising levels of violence against health-care workers and stigmatisation of people with or suspected of having COVID-19, which could impede reporting of illness. The pandemic has also been used to fan anti-Muslim sentiment and violence, after a gathering connected to the group Tablighi Jamaat was identified as being responsible for many cases. A welcome initiative to combat fake news is being led by a group of more than 400 multidisciplinary Indian scientists, who have voluntarily formed Indian Scientists' Response to COVID-19 to fight myths and misinformation about the disease.
In India's favour are its young population (65% aged <35 years) and, to date, a less severe pandemic than was feared. The lockdown is already having the desired effect of flattening the epidemic curve. From April 20, states began easing restrictions on the basis of district profiling of infection hotspots (a form of cluster containment). The immediate challenge is to keep infections at manageable levels and ensure the ability to test, trace contacts, isolate patients, implement COVID care plans, and disseminate timely information. The central government should loosen its control and give states more autonomy over their funding and decision making. India must also pay much greater attention to the health sector and recognise the importance of having strong public sector capacity, especially in primary care and at the district level. India's public health-care system is chronically underfunded (at just 1·28% of GDP), leaving primary care weak. This pandemic could be the much needed wake-up call to the necessity of long-term changes to India's health system.
Conclusion: In conclusion I would like to mention the this article very well describes in details the current lockdown situation in India and it also explains all kinds of socio economic problems that the citizens of India are facing due to the lockdown. It also mentions that what measures the government of the country should take to overcome this crisis and it also exposes the flaws and the shortcomings of the current health care system of the country. So overall it is a very informative and well written article.
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2020.05.31 09:32 ARITTRO_DIAN This is a review of the article titled “India under covid 19 lockdown” which was published on the website called The Lancet on the 25th of April 2020. Note that this article consists of covid related information

SCIENTIFIC REVIEW ARCTICLE 2
This is a review of the article titled “India under covid 19 lockdown” which was published on the website called The Lancet on the 25th of April 2020. Note that this article consists of covid related information
that was known upto the 25th of April 2020, so it might not consist of all the latest news and development related to the topic. The link to the original article is given here:https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30938-7/fulltext30938-7/fulltext)
The largest COVID-19 national lockdown in the world has been extended to May 3. As of April 22, India has reported 18 985 confirmed cases and 603 deaths from COVID-19 in 31 states and union territories since its first case on Jan 30. India was quick to close its international borders and enforce an immediate lockdown, which WHO praised as “tough and timely”. The lockdown has also given the government time to prepare for a possible surge in cases when the pandemic is forecasted to peak in the coming weeks. Still, India's population of 1·3 billion across diverse states, health inequalities, widening economic and social disparities, and distinct cultural values present unique challenges.
Preparedness and response to COVID-19 have differed at the state level. Kerala has drawn on its experience with the Nipah virus in 2018 to use extensive testing, contact tracing, and community mobilisation to contain the virus and maintain a very low mortality rate. It has also set up thousands of temporary shelters for migrant workers. Odisha's exposure to previous natural disasters meant crisis precautions were already in place and have been repurposed. Maharashtra has used drones to monitor physical distancing during lockdown and applied a cluster containment strategy: if three or more patients are diagnosed, all houses within 3 km are surveyed to detect further cases, trace contacts, and raise awareness. Whether this strategy will be successful is still unclear. The premise relies on there not being community transmission, and there is danger of stigmatisation and coercion. But states deserve much of the credit for India's COVID-19 response.
The government's sudden enforcement of the lockdown seemed hastily prepared and immediately disadvantaged already vulnerable populations. There has been a mass exodus of migrant workers and concerns are rising about starvation among people who work in the informal economy. Implementing public health measures is difficult in places with overcrowded living conditions and inadequate hygiene and sanitation. Non-COVID-19 health services have been disrupted. Reports suggest that the government's efforts to provide financial support and a measure of food security to ease these pressures will be insufficient to meet demand. But better planning and communication could have helped avert this crisis.
Rates of testing have been low (0·28 per 1000 people as of April 20). Capacity issues, absence of political will, and operational feasibility have been to blame. However, efforts to reverse the situation are underway as hundreds of thousands of testing kits have become available, and more testing companies and laboratories have been approved. Testing needs to be expanded exponentially as well as strategically as a tool to provide epidemiological evidence. India's response has also been constrained by a shortage of health workers, but this should be remedied by new reforms that would mobilise additional health-care workers from different sources.
One threat to the COVID-19 response in India is the spread of misinformation driven by fear, stigma, and blame. There have been rising levels of violence against health-care workers and stigmatisation of people with or suspected of having COVID-19, which could impede reporting of illness. The pandemic has also been used to fan anti-Muslim sentiment and violence, after a gathering connected to the group Tablighi Jamaat was identified as being responsible for many cases. A welcome initiative to combat fake news is being led by a group of more than 400 multidisciplinary Indian scientists, who have voluntarily formed Indian Scientists' Response to COVID-19 to fight myths and misinformation about the disease.
In India's favour are its young population (65% aged <35 years) and, to date, a less severe pandemic than was feared. The lockdown is already having the desired effect of flattening the epidemic curve. From April 20, states began easing restrictions on the basis of district profiling of infection hotspots (a form of cluster containment). The immediate challenge is to keep infections at manageable levels and ensure the ability to test, trace contacts, isolate patients, implement COVID care plans, and disseminate timely information. The central government should loosen its control and give states more autonomy over their funding and decision making. India must also pay much greater attention to the health sector and recognise the importance of having strong public sector capacity, especially in primary care and at the district level. India's public health-care system is chronically underfunded (at just 1·28% of GDP), leaving primary care weak. This pandemic could be the much needed wake-up call to the necessity of long-term changes to India's health system.
Conclusion: In conclusion I would like to mention the this article very well describes in details the current lockdown situation in India and it also explains all kinds of socio economic problems that the citizens of India are facing due to the lockdown. It also mentions that what measures the government of the country should take to overcome this crisis and it also exposes the flaws and the shortcomings of the current health care system of the country. So overall it is a very informative and well written article.
submitted by ARITTRO_DIAN to u/ARITTRO_DIAN [link] [comments]


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